SIC CODES

SIC activities and their Code for the term chemical

View this list of SIC Activities and their Code related with the keyword "chemical"

Viewing SIC Codes for chemical

There are 29 Economic Activities in all levels that containg the word "CHEMICAL" in their name or detailed description. Have you that what you are searching for?

  • Class 0891
    Mining of CHEMICAL and fertilizer minerals
    This class includes:
    ~ mining of natural phosphates and natural potassium salts
    ~ mining of native sulphur
    ~ extraction and preparation of pyrites and pyrrhotite, except roasting
    ~ mining of natural barium sulphate and carbonate (barytes and witherite), natural borates, natural magnesium sulphates (kieserite)
    ~ mining of earth colours, fluorspar and other minerals valued chiefly as a source of chemicals

    This class also includes:
    ~ guano mining

  • Class 1610
    Sawmilling and planing of wood
    This class includes:
    ~ sawing, planing and machining of wood
    ~ slicing, peeling or chipping logs
    ~ manufacture of wooden railway sleepers
    ~ manufacture of unassembled wooden flooring
    ~ manufacture of wood wool, wood flour, chips, particles

    This class also includes:
    ~ drying of wood
    ~ impregnation or CHEMICAL treatment of wood with preservatives or other materials

  • Class 1701
    Manufacture of pulp, paper and paperboard
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of bleached, semi-bleached or unbleached paper pulp by mechanical, CHEMICAL (dissolving or non-dissolving) or semi CHEMICAL,processes
    ~ manufacture of cotton-linters pulp
    ~ removal of ink and manufacture of pulp from waste paper
    ~ manufacture of paper and paperboard intended for further industrial processing

    This class also includes:
    ~ further processing of paper and paperboard:
    ~ coating, covering and impregnating of paper and paperboard
    ~ manufacture of crêped or crinkled paper
    ~ manufacture of laminates and foils, if laminated with paper or paperboard
    ~ manufacture of handmade paper
    ~ manufacture of newsprint and other printing or writing paper
    ~ manufacture of cellulose wadding and webs of cellulose fibres
    ~ manufacture of carbon paper or stencil paper in rolls or large sheets

  • Class 2011
    Manufacture of basic chemicals
    This class includes the manufacture of chemicals using basic processes, such as thermal cracking and distillation. The output of these processes are usually separate CHEMICAL elements or separate chemically defined compounds.

    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of liquefied or compressed inorganic industrial or medical gases:
    ~ elemental gases
    ~ liquid or compressed air
    ~ refrigerant gases
    ~ mixed industrial gases
    ~ inert gases such as carbon dioxide
    ~ isolating gases
    ~ manufacture of dyes and pigments from any source in basic form or as concentrate
    ~ manufacture of CHEMICAL elements
    ~ manufacture of inorganic acids except nitric acid
    ~ manufacture of alkalis, lyes and other inorganic bases except ammonia
    ~ manufacture of other inorganic compounds
    ~ manufacture of basic organic chemicals:
    ~ acyclic hydrocarbons, saturated and unsaturated
    ~ cyclic hydrocarbons, saturated and unsaturated
    ~ acyclic and cyclic alcohols
    ~ mono- and polycarboxylic acids, including acetic acid
    ~ other oxygen-function compounds, including aldehydes, ketones, quinones and dual or poly oxygen-function compounds
    ~ synthetic glycerol
    ~ nitrogen-function organic compounds, including amines
    ~ fermentation of sugarcane, corn or similar to produce alcohol and esters
    ~ other organic compounds, including wood distillation products (e.g. charcoal) etc.
    ~ manufacture of distilled water
    ~ manufacture of synthetic aromatic products
    ~ roasting of iron pyrites

    This class also includes:
    ~ manufacture of products of a kind used as fluorescent brightening agents or as luminophores
    ~ enrichment of uranium and thorium ores and production of fuel elements for nuclear reactors


  • Class 2013
    Manufacture of plastics and synthetic rubber in primary forms
    This class includes the manufacture of resins, plastics materials and non-vulcanizable thermoplastic elastomers, the mixing and blending of resins on a custom basis, as well as the manufacture of non-customized synthetic resins.

    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of plastics in primary forms:
    ~ polymers, including those of ethylene, propylene, styrene, vinyl chloride, vinyl acetate and acrylics
    ~ polyamides
    ~ phenolic and epoxide resins and polyurethanes
    ~ alkyd and polyester resins and polyethers
    ~ silicones
    ~ ion-exchangers based on polymers
    ~ manufacture of synthetic rubber in primary forms:
    ~ synthetic rubber
    ~ factice
    ~ manufacture of mixtures of synthetic rubber and natural rubber or rubber-like gums (e.g. balata)

    This class also includes:
    ~ manufacture of cellulose and its CHEMICAL derivatives

  • Class 2029
    Manufacture of other CHEMICAL products n.e.c.
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of propellant powders
    ~ manufacture of explosives and pyrotechnic products, including percussion caps, detonators, signalling flares etc.
    ~ manufacture of gelatine and its derivatives, glues and prepared adhesives, including rubber-based glues and adhesives
    ~ manufacture of extracts of natural aromatic products
    ~ manufacture of resinoids
    ~ manufacture of aromatic distilled waters
    ~ manufacture of mixtures of odoriferous products for the manufacture of perfumes or food
    ~ manufacture of photographic plates, films, sensitized paper and other sensitized unexposed materials
    ~ manufacture of CHEMICAL preparations for photographic uses
    ~ manufacture of various CHEMICAL products:
    ~ peptones, peptone derivatives, other protein substances and their derivatives n.e.c.
    ~ essential oils
    ~ chemically modified oils and fats
    ~ materials used in the finishing of textiles and leather
    ~ powders and pastes used in soldering, brazing or welding
    ~ substances used to pickle metal
    ~ prepared additives for cements
    ~ activated carbon, lubricating oil additives, prepared rubber accelerators, catalysts and other CHEMICAL products for industrial use
    ~ anti-knock preparations, antifreeze preparations
    ~ composite diagnostic or laboratory reagents

    This class also includes:
    ~ manufacture of writing and drawing ink
    ~ manufacture of matches

  • Class 2100
    Manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal CHEMICAL and botanical products
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of medicinal active substances to be used for their pharmacological properties in the manufacture of medicaments: antibiotics, basic vitamins, salicylic and O-acetylsalicylic acids etc.
    ~ processing of blood
    ~ manufacture of medicaments:
    ~ antisera and other blood fractions
    ~ vaccines
    ~ diverse medicaments, including homeopathic preparations
    ~ manufacture of CHEMICAL contraceptive products for external use and hormonal contraceptive medicaments
    ~ manufacture of medical diagnostic preparations, including pregnancy tests
    ~ manufacture of radioactive in-vivo diagnostic substances
    ~ manufacture of biotech pharmaceuticals

    This class also includes:
    ~ manufacture of chemically pure sugars
    ~ processing of glands and manufacture of extracts of glands etc.
    ~ manufacture of medical impregnated wadding, gauze, bandages, dressings etc.
    ~ preparation of botanical products (grinding, grading, milling) for pharmaceutical use

  • Class 2393
    Manufacture of other porcelain and ceramic products
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of ceramic tableware and other domestic or toilet articles
    ~ manufacture of statuettes and other ornamental ceramic articles
    ~ manufacture of electrical insulators and insulating fittings of ceramics
    ~ manufacture of ceramic and ferrite magnets
    ~ manufacture of ceramic laboratory, CHEMICAL and industrial products
    ~ manufacture of ceramic pots, jars and similar articles of a kind used for conveyance or packing of goods
    ~ manufacture of ceramic furniture
    ~ manufacture of ceramic products n.e.c.

  • Class 2410
    Manufacture of basic iron and steel
    This class includes operations of conversion by reduction of iron ore in blast furnaces and oxygen converters or of ferrous waste and scrap in electric arc furnaces or by direct reduction of iron ore without fusion to obtain crude steel which is smelted and refined in a ladle furnace and then poured and solidified in a continuous caster in order to produce semi-finished flat or long products, which are used, after reheating, in rolling, drawing and extruding operations to manufacture finished products such as plate, sheet, strip, bars, rods, wire, tubes, pipes and hollow profiles.

    This class includes:
    ~ operation of blast furnaces, steel converters, rolling and finishing mills
    ~ production of pig iron and spiegeleisen in pigs, blocks or other primary forms
    ~ production of ferro-alloys
    ~ production of ferrous products by direct reduction of iron and other spongy ferrous products
    ~ production of iron of exceptional purity by electrolysis or other CHEMICAL processes
    ~ production of granular iron and iron powder
    ~ production of steel in ingots or other primary forms
    ~ remelting of scrap ingots of iron or steel
    ~ production of semi-finished products of steel
    ~ manufacture of hot-rolled and cold-rolled flat-rolled products of steel
    ~ manufacture of hot-rolled bars and rods of steel
    ~ manufacture of hot-rolled open sections of steel
    ~ manufacture of steel bars and solid sections of steel by cold drawing, grinding or turning
    ~ manufacture of open sections by progressive cold forming on a roll mill or folding on a press of flat-rolled products of steel
    ~ manufacture of wire of steel by cold drawing or stretching
    ~ manufacture of sheet piling of steel and welded open sections of steel
    ~ manufacture of railway track materials (unassembled rails) of steel
    ~ manufacture of seamless tubes, pipes and hollow profiles of steel, by hot rolling, hot extrusion or hot drawing, or by cold drawing or cold rolling
    ~ manufacture of welded tubes and pipes of steel, by cold or hot forming and welding, delivered as welded or further processed by cold drawing or cold rolling or manufactured by hot forming, welding and reducing
    ~ manufacture of tube fittings of steel, such as:
    ~ flat flanges and flanges with forged collars
    ~ butt-welded fittings
    ~ threaded fittings
    ~ socket-welded fittings

  • Class 2651
    Manufacture of measuring, testing, navigating and control equipment
    This class includes the manufacture of search, detection, navigation, guidance, aeronautical and nautical systems and instruments; automatic controls and regulators for applications, such as heating, air-conditioning, refrigeration and appliances; instruments and devices for measuring, displaying, indicating, recording, transmitting and controlling industrial process variables, such as temperature, humidity, pressure, vacuum, combustion, flow, level, viscosity, density, acidity, concentration and rotation; totalizing (i.e. registering) fluid meters and counting devices; instruments for measuring and testing the characteristics of electricity and electrical signals; instruments and instrumentation systems for laboratory analysis of the CHEMICAL or physical composition or concentration of samples of solid, fluid, gaseous or composite material and other measuring and testing instruments and parts thereof.
    The manufacture of non-electric measuring, testing, navigating and control equipment (except simple mechanical tools) is included here.

    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of aircraft engine instruments
    ~ manufacture of automotive emissions testing equipment
    ~ manufacture of meteorological instruments
    ~ manufacture of physical properties testing and inspection equipment
    ~ manufacture of polygraph machines
    ~ manufacture of instruments for measuring and testing electricity and electrical signals (including for telecommunications)
    ~ manufacture of radiation detection and monitoring instruments
    ~ manufacture of electron and proton microscopes
    ~ manufacture of surveying instruments
    ~ manufacture of thermometers liquid-in-glass and bimetal types (except medical)
    ~ manufacture of humidistats
    ~ manufacture of hydronic limit controls
    ~ manufacture of flame and burner control
    ~ manufacture of spectrometers
    ~ manufacture of pneumatic gauges
    ~ manufacture of consumption meters (e.g. water, gas)
    ~ manufacture of flow meters and counting devices
    ~ manufacture of tally counters
    ~ manufacture of mine detectors, pulse (signal) generators; metal detectors
    ~ manufacture of search, detection, navigation, aeronautical and nautical equipment, including sonobuoys
    ~ manufacture of radar equipment
    ~ manufacture of GPS devices
    ~ manufacture of environmental controls and automatic controls for appliances
    ~ manufacture of measuring and recording equipment (e.g. flight recorders)
    ~ manufacture of motion detectors
    ~ manufacture of laboratory analytical instruments (e.g. blood analysis equipment)
    ~ manufacture of laboratory scales, balances, incubators, and miscellaneous laboratory apparatus for measuring, testing, etc.


  • Class 2819
    Manufacture of other general-purpose machinery
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of industrial refrigerating or freezing equipment, including assemblies of major components
    ~ manufacture of air-conditioning machines, including for motor vehicles
    ~ manufacture of non-domestic fans
    ~ manufacture of weighing machinery (other than sensitive laboratory balances):
    ~ household and shop scales, platform scales, scales for continuous weighing, weighbridges, weights etc.
    ~ manufacture of filtering or purifying machinery and apparatus for liquids
    ~ manufacture of equipment for projecting, dispersing or spraying liquids or powders:
    ~ spray guns, fire extinguishers, sandblasting machines, steam cleaning machines etc.
    ~ manufacture of packing and wrapping machinery:
    ~ filling, closing, sealing, capsuling or labeling machines etc.
    ~ manufacture of machinery for cleaning or drying bottles and for aerating beverages
    ~ manufacture of distilling or rectifying plant for petroleum refineries, CHEMICAL industries, beverage industries etc.
    ~ manufacture of heat exchangers
    ~ manufacture of machinery for liquefying air or gas
    ~ manufacture of gas generators
    ~ manufacture of calendering or other rolling machines and cylinders thereof (except for metal and glass)
    ~ manufacture of centrifuges (except cream separators and clothes dryers)
    ~ manufacture of gaskets and similar joints made of a combination of materials or layers of the same material
    ~ manufacture of automatic goods vending machines
    ~ manufacture of parts for general-purpose machinery
    ~ manufacture of attic ventilation fans (gable fans, roof ventilators, etc.)
    ~ manufacture of levels, tape measures and similar hand tools, machinists' precision tools (except optical)
    ~ manufacture of non-electrical welding and soldering equipment

  • Class 3313
    Repair of electronic and optical equipment
    This class includes the repair and maintenance of goods produced in groups 265, 266 and 267, except those that are considered household goods.

    This class includes:
    ~ repair and maintenance of the measuring, testing, navigating and control equipment of group 265, such as:
    ~ aircraft engine instruments
    ~ automotive emissions testing equipment
    ~ meteorological instruments
    ~ physical, electrical and CHEMICAL properties testing and inspection equipment
    ~ surveying instruments
    ~ radiation detection and monitoring instruments
    ~ repair and maintenance of irradiation, electromedical and electrotherapeutic equipment of class 2660, such as:
    ~ magnetic resonance imaging equipment
    ~ medical ultrasound equipment
    ~ pacemakers
    ~ hearing aids
    ~ electrocardiographs
    ~ electromedical endoscopic equipment
    ~ irradiation apparatus
    ~ repair and maintenance of optical instruments and equipment of class 2670, if the use is mainly commercial, such as:
    ~ binoculars
    ~ microscopes (except electron and proton microscopes)
    ~ telescopes
    ~ prisms and lenses (except ophthalmic)
    ~ photographic equipment

  • Class 3319
    Repair of other equipment
    This class includes the repair and maintenance of equipment not covered in other groups of this division.

    This class includes:
    ~ repair of fishing nets, including mending
    ~ repair or ropes, riggings, canvas and tarps
    ~ repair of fertilizer and CHEMICAL storage bags
    ~ repair or reconditioning of wooden pallets, shipping drums or barrels, and similar items
    ~ repair of pinball machines and other coin-operated games
    ~ restoring of organs and other historical musical instruments

  • Class 3700
    Sewerage
    This class includes:
    ~ operation of sewer systems or sewer treatment facilities
    ~ collecting and transporting of human or industrial wastewater from one or several users, as well as rain water by means of sewerage networks, collectors, tanks and other means of transport (sewage vehicles etc.)
    ~ emptying and cleaning of cesspools and septic tanks, sinks and pits from sewage; servicing of CHEMICAL toilets
    ~ treatment of wastewater (including human and industrial wastewater, water from swimming pools etc.) by means of physical, CHEMICAL and biological processes like dilution, screening, filtering, sedimentation etc.
    ~ maintenance and cleaning of sewers and drains, including sewer rodding

  • Class 3900
    Remediation activities and other waste management services
    This class includes:
    ~ decontamination of soils and groundwater at the place of pollution, either in situ or ex situ, using e.g. mechanical, CHEMICAL or biological methods
    ~ decontamination of industrial plants or sites, including nuclear plants and sites
    ~ decontamination and cleaning up of surface water following accidental pollution, e.g. through collection of pollutants or through application of chemicals
    ~ cleaning up of oil spills and other pollutions on land, in surface water, in ocean and seas, including coastal areas
    ~ asbestos, lead paint, and other toxic material abatement
    ~ clearing of landmines and the like (including detonation)
    ~ other specialized pollution-control activities

  • Class 4290
    Construction of other civil engineering projects
    This class includes:
    ~ construction of industrial facilities, except buildings, such as:
    ~ refineries
    ~ CHEMICAL plants
    ~ construction of:
    ~ waterways, harbour and river works, pleasure ports (marinas), locks, etc.
    ~ dams and dykes
    ~ dredging of waterways
    ~ construction work, other than buildings, such as:
    ~ outdoor sports facilities

    This class also includes:
    ~ land subdivision with land improvement (e.g. adding of roads, utility infrastructure etc.)

  • Class 3830
    Materials recovery
    This class includes:
    ~ processing of metal and non-metal waste and scrap and other articles into secondary raw materials, usually involving a mechanical or CHEMICAL transformation process
    ~ recovery of materials from waste streams in the form of:
    ~ separating and sorting recoverable materials from non-hazardous waste streams (i.e. garbage)
    ~ separating and sorting of commingled recoverable materials, such as paper, plastics, used beverage cans and metals, into distinct categories

    Examples of the mechanical or CHEMICAL transformation processes that are undertaken are:
    ~ mechanical crushing of metal waste such as used cars, washing machines, bikes etc. with subsequent sorting and separation
    ~ dismantling of automobiles, computers, televisions and other equipment for materials recovery
    ~ mechanical reduction of large iron pieces such as railway wagons
    ~ shredding of metal waste, end-of-life vehicles etc.
    ~ other methods of mechanical treatment as cutting, pressing to reduce the volume
    ~ ship-breaking
    ~ reclaiming metals out of photographic waste, e.g. fixer solution or photographic films and paper
    ~ reclaiming of rubber such as used tires to produce secondary raw material
    ~ sorting and pelleting of plastics to produce secondary raw material for tubes, flower pots, pallets and the like
    ~ processing (cleaning, melting, grinding) of plastic or rubber waste to granulates
    ~ crushing, cleaning and sorting of glass
    ~ crushing, cleaning and sorting of other waste such as demolition waste to obtain secondary raw material
    ~ processing of used cooking oils and fats into secondary raw materials
    ~ processing of other food, beverage and tobacco waste and residual substances into secondary raw materials

  • Class 4669
    Wholesale of waste and scrap and other products n.e.c.
    This class includes:
    ~ wholesale of industrial chemicals:
    ~ aniline, printing ink, essential oils, industrial gases, CHEMICAL glues, colouring matter, synthetic resin, methanol, paraffin, scents and flavourings, soda, industrial salt, acids and sulphurs, starch derivates etc.
    ~ wholesale of fertilizers and agrochemical products
    ~ wholesale of plastic materials in primary forms
    ~ wholesale of rubber
    ~ wholesale of textile fibres etc.
    ~ wholesale of paper in bulk
    ~ wholesale of precious stones
    ~ wholesale of metal and non-metal waste and scrap and materials for recycling, including collecting, sorting, separating, stripping of used goods such as cars in order to obtain reusable parts, packing and repacking, storage and delivery, but without a real transformation process. Additionally, the purchased and sold waste has a remaining value.

    This class includes:
    ~ dismantling of automobiles, computers, televisions and other equipment to obtain and re-sell usable parts


  • Class 7110
    Architectural and engineering activities and related technical consultancy
    This class includes the provision of architectural services, engineering services, drafting services, building inspection services and surveying and mapping services and the like.

    This class includes:
    ~ architectural consulting activities:
    ~ building design and drafting
    ~ town and city planning and landscape architecture
    ~ engineering design (i.e. applying physical laws and principles of engineering in the design of machines, materials, instruments, structures, processes and systems) and consulting activities for:
    ~ machinery, industrial processes and industrial plant
    ~ projects involving civil engineering, hydraulic engineering, traffic engineering
    ~ water management projects
    ~ projects elaboration and realization relative to electrical and electronic engineering, mining engineering, CHEMICAL engineering, mechanical, industrial and systems engineering, safety engineering
    ~ project management activities related to construction
    ~ elaboration of projects using air conditioning, refrigeration, sanitary and pollution control engineering, acoustical engineering etc.
    ~ geophysical, geologic and seismic surveying
    ~ geodetic surveying activities:
    ~ land and boundary surveying activities
    ~ hydrologic surveying activities
    ~ subsurface surveying activities
    ~ cartographic and spatial information activities

  • Class 7120
    Technical testing and analysis
    This class includes:
    ~ performance of physical, CHEMICAL and other analytical testing of all types of materials and products (see below for exceptions):
    ~ acoustics and vibration testing
    ~ testing of composition and purity of minerals etc.
    ~ testing activities in the field of food hygiene, including veterinary testing and control in relation to food production
    ~ testing of physical characteristics and performance of materials, such as strength, thickness, durability, radioactivity etc.
    ~ qualification and reliability testing
    ~ performance testing of complete machinery: motors, automobiles, electronic equipment etc.
    ~ radiographic testing of welds and joints
    ~ failure analysis
    ~ testing and measuring of environmental indicators: air and water pollution etc.
    ~ certification of products, including consumer goods, motor vehicles, aircraft, pressurized containers, nuclear plants etc.
    ~ periodic road-safety testing of motor vehicles
    ~ testing with use of models or mock-ups (e.g. of aircraft, ships, dams etc.)
    ~ operation of police laboratories

  • Group 201
    Manufacture of basic chemicals, fertilizers and nitrogen compounds, plastics and synthetic rubber in primary forms
    This group includes the manufacture of basic CHEMICAL products, fertilizers and associated nitrogen compounds, as well as plastics and synthetic rubber in primary forms.
  • Group 210
    Manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal CHEMICAL and botanical products
    See class 2100.
  • Group 202
    Manufacture of other CHEMICAL products
    This group includes the manufacture of CHEMICAL products other than basic chemicals and man-made fibres. This includes the manufacture of a variety of goods such as pesticides, paints and inks, soap, cleaning preparations, perfumes and toilet preparations, explosives and pyrotechnic products, CHEMICAL preparations for photographic uses (including film and sensitized paper), gelatins, composite diagnostic preparations etc.
  • Division 13
    Manufacture of textiles
    This division includes preparation and spinning of textile fibres as well as textile weaving, finishing of textiles and wearing apparel, manufacture of made-up textile articles, except apparel (e.g. household linen, blankets, rugs, cordage etc.). Growing of natural fibres is covered under division 01, while manufacture of synthetic fibres is a CHEMICAL process classified in class 2030. Manufacture of wearing apparel is covered in division 14.
  • Division 21
    Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations
    This division includes the manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations. This includes also the manufacture of medicinal CHEMICAL and botanical products.
  • Division 71
    Architectural and engineering activities; technical testing and analysis
    This division includes the provision of architectural services, engineering services, drafting services, building inspection services and surveying and mapping services. It also includes the performance of physical, CHEMICAL, and other analytical testing services.
  • Division 20
    Manufacture of chemicals and CHEMICAL products
    This division includes the transformation of organic and inorganic raw materials by a CHEMICAL process and the formation of products. It distinguishes the production of basic chemicals that constitute the first industry group from the production of intermediate and end products produced by further processing of basic chemicals that make up the remaining industry classes.
  • Division 24
    Manufacture of basic metals
    This division includes the activities of smelting and/or refining ferrous and non-ferrous metals from ore, pig or scrap, using electrometallurgic and other process metallurgic techniques. This division also includes the manufacture of metal alloys and super-alloys by introducing other CHEMICAL elements to pure metals. The output of smelting and refining, usually in ingot form, is used in rolling, drawing and extruding operations to make products such as plate, sheet, strip, bars, rods, wire, tubes, pipes and hollow profiles, and in molten form to make castings and other basic metal products.
  • Section C
    Manufacturing
    This section includes the physical or CHEMICAL transformation of materials, substances, or components into new products, although this cannot be used as the single universal criterion for defining manufacturing (see remark on processing of waste below). The materials, substances, or components transformed are raw materials that are products of agriculture, forestry, fishing, mining or quarrying as well as products of other manufacturing activities. Substantial alteration, renovation or reconstruction of goods is generally considered to be manufacturing.

    Units engaged in manufacturing are often described as plants, factories or mills and characteristically use power-driven machines and materials-handling equipment. However, units that transform materials or substances into new products by hand or in the worker's home and those engaged in selling to the general public of products made on the same premises from which they are sold, such as bakeries and custom tailors, are also included in this section. Manufacturing units may process materials or may contract with other units to process their materials for them. Both types of units are included in manufacturing.

    The output of a manufacturing process may be finished in the sense that it is ready for utilization or consumption, or it may be semi-finished in the sense that it is to become an input for further manufacturing. For example, the output of alumina refining is the input used in the primary production of aluminium; primary aluminium is the input to aluminium wire drawing; and aluminium wire is the input for the manufacture of fabricated wire products.

    Manufacture of specialized components and parts of, and accessories and attachments to, machinery and equipment is, as a general rule, classified in the same class as the manufacture of the machinery and equipment for which the parts and accessories are intended. Manufacture of unspecialized components and parts of machinery and equipment, e.g. engines, pistons, electric motors, electrical assemblies, valves, gears, roller bearings, is classified in the appropriate class of manufacturing, without regard to the machinery and equipment in which these items may be included. However, making specialized components and accessories by moulding or extruding plastics materials is included in class 2220.

    Assembly of the component parts of manufactured products is considered manufacturing. This includes the assembly of manufactured products from either self-produced or purchased components.

    The recovery of waste, i.e. the processing of waste into secondary raw materials is classified in class 3830 (Materials recovery). While this may involve physical or CHEMICAL transformations, this is not considered to be a part of manufacturing. The primary purpose of these activities is considered to be the treatment or processing of waste and they are therefore classified in Section E (Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities). However, the manufacture of new final products (as opposed to secondary raw materials) is classified in manufacturing, even if these processes use waste as an input. For example, the production of silver from film waste is considered to be a manufacturing process.

    Specialized maintenance and repair of industrial, commercial and similar machinery and equipment is, in general, classified in division 33 (Repair, maintenance and installation of machinery and equipment). However, the repair of computers and personal and household goods is classified in division 95 (Repair of computers and personal and household goods), while the repair of motor vehicles is classified in division 45 (Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles).

    The installation of machinery and equipment, when carried out as a specialized activity, is classified in 3320.

    Remark: The boundaries of manufacturing and the other sectors of the classification system can be somewhat blurry.