SIC CODES

SIC Codes and Economic Activities related with "which"

List of SIC Codes corresponding to term "which"

List of SIC Codes for which

There are 28 Economic Activities in all levels that containg the word "WHICH" in their name or detailed description. Have you that what you are searching for?

  • Class 0130
    Plant propagation
    This class includes the production of all vegetative planting materials including cuttings, suckers and seedlings for direct plant propagation or to create plant grafting stock into WHICH selected scion is grafted for eventual planting to produce crops.

    This class includes:
    ~ growing of plants for planting
    ~ growing of plants for ornamental purposes, including turf for transplanting
    ~ growing of live plants for bulbs, tubers and roots; cuttings and slips; mushroom spawn
    ~ operation of tree nurseries, except forest tree nurseries

  • Class 4719
    Other retail sale in non-specialized stores
    This class includes:
    ~ retail sale of a large variety of goods of WHICH food products, beverages or tobacco are not predominant, such as:
    ~ retail sale activities of department stores carrying a general line of goods, including wearing apparel, furniture, appliances, hardware, cosmetics, jewellery, toys, sports goods etc.

  • Class 8230
    Organization of conventions and trade shows
    This class includes:
    ~ organization, promotion and/or management of events, such as business and trade shows, conventions, conferences and meetings, whether or not including the management and provision of the staff to operate the facilities in WHICH these events take place

  • Class 2410
    Manufacture of basic iron and steel
    This class includes operations of conversion by reduction of iron ore in blast furnaces and oxygen converters or of ferrous waste and scrap in electric arc furnaces or by direct reduction of iron ore without fusion to obtain crude steel WHICH is smelted and refined in a ladle furnace and then poured and solidified in a continuous caster in order to produce semi-finished flat or long products, WHICH are used, after reheating, in rolling, drawing and extruding operations to manufacture finished products such as plate, sheet, strip, bars, rods, wire, tubes, pipes and hollow profiles.

    This class includes:
    ~ operation of blast furnaces, steel converters, rolling and finishing mills
    ~ production of pig iron and spiegeleisen in pigs, blocks or other primary forms
    ~ production of ferro-alloys
    ~ production of ferrous products by direct reduction of iron and other spongy ferrous products
    ~ production of iron of exceptional purity by electrolysis or other chemical processes
    ~ production of granular iron and iron powder
    ~ production of steel in ingots or other primary forms
    ~ remelting of scrap ingots of iron or steel
    ~ production of semi-finished products of steel
    ~ manufacture of hot-rolled and cold-rolled flat-rolled products of steel
    ~ manufacture of hot-rolled bars and rods of steel
    ~ manufacture of hot-rolled open sections of steel
    ~ manufacture of steel bars and solid sections of steel by cold drawing, grinding or turning
    ~ manufacture of open sections by progressive cold forming on a roll mill or folding on a press of flat-rolled products of steel
    ~ manufacture of wire of steel by cold drawing or stretching
    ~ manufacture of sheet piling of steel and welded open sections of steel
    ~ manufacture of railway track materials (unassembled rails) of steel
    ~ manufacture of seamless tubes, pipes and hollow profiles of steel, by hot rolling, hot extrusion or hot drawing, or by cold drawing or cold rolling
    ~ manufacture of welded tubes and pipes of steel, by cold or hot forming and welding, delivered as welded or further processed by cold drawing or cold rolling or manufactured by hot forming, welding and reducing
    ~ manufacture of tube fittings of steel, such as:
    ~ flat flanges and flanges with forged collars
    ~ butt-welded fittings
    ~ threaded fittings
    ~ socket-welded fittings


  • Class 3220
    Manufacture of musical instruments
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of stringed instruments
    ~ manufacture of keyboard stringed instruments, including automatic pianos
    ~ manufacture of keyboard pipe organs, including harmoniums and similar keyboard instruments with free metal reeds
    ~ manufacture of accordions and similar instruments, including mouth organs
    ~ manufacture of wind instruments
    ~ manufacture of percussion musical instruments
    ~ manufacture of musical instruments, the sound of WHICH is produced electronically
    ~ manufacture of musical boxes, fairground organs, calliopes etc.
    ~ manufacture of instrument parts and accessories:
    ~ metronomes, tuning forks, pitch pipes, cards, discs and rolls for automatic mechanical instruments etc.

    This class also includes:
    ~ manufacture of whistles, call horns and other mouth-blown sound signalling instruments

  • Class 3520
    Manufacture of gas; distribution of gaseous fuels through mains
    This class includes the manufacture of gas and the distribution of natural or synthetic gas to the consumer through a system of mains. Gas marketers or brokers, WHICH arrange the sale of natural gas over distribution systems operated by others, are included.
    The separate operation of gas pipelines, typically done over long distances, connecting producers with distributors of gas, or between urban centers, is excluded from this class and classified with other pipeline transport activities.

    This class includes:
    ~ production of gas for the purpose of gas supply by carbonation of coal, from by-products of agriculture or from waste
    ~ manufacture of gaseous fuels with a specified calorific value, by purification, blending and other processes from gases of various types including natural gas
    ~ transportation, distribution and supply of gaseous fuels of all kinds through a system of mains
    ~ sale of gas to the user through mains
    ~ activities of gas brokers or agents that arrange the sale of gas over gas distribution systems operated by others
    ~ commodity and transport capacity exchanges for gaseous fuels

  • Class 4711
    Retail sale in non-specialized stores with food, beverages or tobacco predominating
    This class includes:
    ~ retail sale of a large variety of goods of WHICH, however, food products, beverages or tobacco should be predominant, such as:
    ~ retail sale activities of general stores that have, apart from their main sales of food products, beverages or tobacco, several other types of goods such as wearing apparel, furniture, appliances, hardware, cosmetics etc.

  • Class 6420
    Activities of holding companies
    This class includes the activities of holding companies, i.e. units that hold the assets (owning controlling-levels of equity) of a group of subsidiary corporations and whose principal activity is owning the group. The holding companies in this class do not provide any other service to the businesses in WHICH the equity is held, i.e. they do not administer or manage other units.
  • Class 7490
    Other professional, scientific and technical activities n.e.c.
    This class includes a great variety of service activities generally delivered to commercial clients. It includes those activities for WHICH more advanced professional, scientific and technical skill levels are required, but does not include ongoing, routine business functions that are generally of short duration.

    This class includes:
    ~ translation and interpretation activities
    ~ business brokerage activities, i.e. arranging for the purchase and sale of small and medium-sized businesses, including professional practices, but not including real estate brokerage
    ~ patent brokerage activities (arranging for the purchase and sale of patents)
    ~ appraisal activities other than for real estate and insurance (for antiques, jewellery, etc.)
    ~ bill auditing and freight rate information
    ~ activities of quantity surveyors
    ~ weather forecasting activities
    ~ security consulting
    ~ agronomy consulting
    ~ environmental consulting
    ~ other technical consulting
    ~ activities of consultants other than architecture, engineering and management consultants

    This class also includes:
    ~ activities carried on by agents and agencies on behalf of individuals usually involving the obtaining of engagements in motion picture, theatrical production or other entertainment or sports attractions and the placement of books, plays, artworks, photographs etc., with publishers, producers etc.

  • Class 7740
    Leasing of intellectual property and similar products, except copyrighted works
    This class includes the activities of allowing others to use intellectual property products and similar products for WHICH a royalty payment or licensing fee is paid to the owner of the product (i.e. the asset holder). The leasing of these products can take various forms, such as permission for reproduction, use in subsequent processes or products, operating businesses under a franchise etc. The current owners may or may not have created these products.

    This class includes:
    ~ leasing of intellectual property products (except copyrighted works, such as books or software)
    ~ receiving royalties or licensing fees for the use of:
    ~ patented entities
    ~ trademarks or service marks
    ~ brand names
    ~ mineral exploration and evaluation
    ~ franchise agreements


  • Class 8422
    Defence activities
    This class includes:
    ~ administration, supervision and operation of military defence affairs and land, sea, air and space defence forces such as:
    ~ combat forces of army, navy and air force
    ~ engineering, transport, communications, intelligence, material, personnel and other non-combat forces and commands
    ~ reserve and auxiliary forces of the defence establishment
    ~ military logistics (provision of equipment, structures, supplies etc.)
    ~ health activities for military personnel in the field
    ~ administration, operation and support of civil defence forces
    ~ support for the working out of contingency plans and the carrying out of exercises in WHICH civilian institutions and populations are involved
    ~ administration of defence-related R&D policies and related funds

  • Class 8510
    Pre-primary and primary education
    This class includes the provision of instruction designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment and instruction that gives students a sound basic education in reading, writing and mathematics along with an elementary understanding of other subjects such as history, geography, natural science, social science, art and music. Such education is generally provided for children, however the provision of literacy programmes within or outside the school system, WHICH are similar in content to programmes in primary education but are intended for those considered too old to enter elementary schools, is also included. Also included is the provision of programmes at a similar level, suited to children with special needs education. Education can be provided in classrooms or through radio, television broadcast, Internet, correspondence or at home.

    This class includes:
    ~ pre-primary education
    ~ primary education

    This class also includes:
    ~ special education for handicapped students at this level
    ~ provision of literacy programmes for adults

  • Class 8810
    Social work activities without accommodation for the elderly and disabled
    This class includes:
    ~ social, counselling, welfare, referral and similar services WHICH are aimed at the elderly and disabled in their homes or elsewhere and carried out by public or by private organizations, national or local self-help organizations and by specialists providing counselling services:
    ~ visiting of the elderly and disabled
    ~ day-care activities for the elderly or for handicapped adults
    ~ vocational rehabilitation and habilitation activities for disabled persons provided that the education component is limited

  • Class 8890
    Other social work activities without accommodation
    This class includes:
    ~ social, counselling, welfare, refugee, referral and similar services WHICH are delivered to individuals and families in their homes or elsewhere and carried out by public or by private organizations, disaster relief organizations and national or local self-help organizations and by specialists providing counselling services:
    ~ welfare and guidance activities for children and adolescents
    ~ adoption activities, activities for the prevention of cruelty to children and others
    ~ household budget counselling, marriage and family guidance, credit and debt counselling services
    ~ community and neighbourhood activities
    ~ activities for disaster victims, refugees, immigrants etc., including temporary or extended shelter for them
    ~ vocational rehabilitation and habilitation activities for unemployed persons provided that the education component is limited
    ~ eligibility determination in connection with welfare aid, rent supplements or food stamps
    ~ child day-care activities, including for handicapped children
    ~ day facilities for the homeless and other socially weak groups
    ~ charitable activities like fund-raising or other supporting activities aimed at social work

  • Class 9312
    Activities of sports clubs
    This class includes the activities of sports clubs, WHICH, whether professional, semi-professional or amateur clubs, give their members the opportunity to engage in sporting activities.

    This class includes:
    ~ operation of sports clubs:
    ~ football clubs
    ~ bowling clubs
    ~ swimming clubs
    ~ golf clubs
    ~ boxing clubs
    ~ body-building clubs
    ~ winter sports clubs
    ~ chess clubs
    ~ track and field clubs
    ~ shooting clubs, etc.

  • Group 259
    Manufacture of other fabricated metal products; metalworking service activities
    This group includes general activities for the treatment of metal, such as forging or pressing, plating, coating, engraving, boring, polishing, welding etc., WHICH are typically carried out on a fee or contract basis. This group also includes the manufacture of a variety of metal products, such as cutlery; metal hand tools and general hardware; cans and buckets; nails, bolts and nuts; metal household articles; metal fixtures; ships propellers and anchors; assembled railway track fixtures etc. for a variety of household and industrial uses.
  • Division 10
    Manufacture of food products
    This division includes the processing of the products of agriculture, forestry and fishing into food for humans or animals, and includes the production of various intermediate products that are not directly food products. The activity often generates associated products of greater or lesser value (for example, hides from slaughtering, or oilcake from oil production).
    This division is organized by activities dealing with different kinds of products: meat, fish, fruit and vegetables, fats and oils, milk products, grain mill products, animal feeds and other food products. Production can be carried out for own account, as well as for third parties, as in custom slaughtering.
    Some activities are considered manufacturing (for example, those performed in bakeries, pastry shops, and prepared meat shops etc. WHICH sell their own production) even though there is retail sale of the products in the producers' own shop. However, where the processing is minimal and does not lead to a real transformation, the unit is classified to Wholesale and retail trade (section G).

    Production of animal feeds from slaughter waste or by-products is classified in 1080, while processing food and beverage waste into secondary raw material is classified to 3830, and disposal of food and beverage waste in 3821.

  • Division 15
    Manufacture of leather and related products
    This division includes dressing and dyeing of fur and the transformation of hides into leather by tanning or curing and fabricating the leather into products for final consumption. It also includes the manufacture of similar products from other materials (imitation leathers or leather substitutes), such as rubber footwear, textile luggage etc. The products made from leather substitutes are included here, since they are made in ways similar to those in WHICH leather products are made (e.g. luggage) and are often produced in the same unit.

  • Division 19
    Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products
    This division includes the transformation of crude petroleum and coal into usable products. The dominant process is petroleum refining, WHICH involves the separation of crude petroleum into component products through such techniques as cracking and distillation. This division also includes the manufacture for own account of characteristic products (e.g. coke, butane, propane, petrol, kerosene, fuel oil etc.) as well as processing services (e.g. custom refining).
    This division includes the manufacture of gases such as ethane, propane and butane as products of petroleum refineries.

    Not included is the manufacture of such gases in other units (2011), manufacture of industrial gases (2011), extraction of natural gas (methane, ethane, butane or propane) (0600), and manufacture of fuel gas, other than petroleum gases (e.g. coal gas, water gas, producer gas, gasworks gas) (35420).
    The manufacture of petrochemicals from refined petroleum is classified in division 20.

  • Division 25
    Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
    This division includes the manufacture of pure metal products (such as parts, containers and structures), usually with a static, immovable function, as opposed to the following divisions 26-30, WHICH cover the manufacture of combinations or assemblies of such metal products (sometimes with other materials) into more complex units that, unless they are purely electrical, electronic or optical, work with moving parts.
    The manufacture of weapons and ammunition is also included in this division.

    This division excludes specialized repair and maintenance activities (see group 331) and the specialized installation of manufactured goods produced in this division in buildings, such as central heating boilers (see 4322).

  • Division 33
    Repair and installation of machinery and equipment
    This division includes the specialized repair of goods produced in the manufacturing sector with the aim to restore machinery, equipment and other products to working order. The provision of general or routine maintenance (i.e. servicing) on such products to ensure they work efficiently and to prevent breakdown and unnecessary repairs is included.

    This division does only include specialized repair and maintenance activities. A substantial amount of repair is also done by manufacturers of machinery, equipment and other goods, in WHICH case the classification of units engaged in these repair and manufacturing activities is done according to the value-added principle WHICH would often assign these combined activities to the manufacture of the good. The same principle is applied for combined trade and repair.

    The rebuilding or remanufacturing of machinery and equipment is considered a manufacturing activity and included in other divisions of this section.

    Repair and maintenance of goods that are utilized as capital goods as well as consumer goods is typically classified as repair and maintenance of household goods (e.g. office and household furniture repair, see 9524).

    Also included in this division is the specialized installation of machinery. However, the installation of equipment that forms an integral part of buildings or similar structures, such as installation of electrical wiring, installation of escalators or installation of air-conditioning systems, is classified as construction.

    This division excludes the cleaning of industrial machinery (see class 8129) and the repair and maintenance of computers, communications equipment and household goods (see division 95).

  • Division 47
    Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles
    This division includes the resale (sale without transformation) of new and used goods mainly to the general public for personal or household consumption or utilization, by shops, department stores, stalls, mail-order houses, hawkers and peddlers, consumer cooperatives etc.

    Retail trade is classified first by type of sale outlet (retail trade in stores: groups 471 to 477; retail trade not in stores: groups 478 and 479). Retail trade in stores includes the retail sale of used goods (class 4774). For retail sale in stores, there exists a further distinction between specialized retail sale (groups 472 to 477) and non-specialized retail sale (group 471). The above groups are further subdivided by the range of products sold. Sale not via stores is subdivided according to the forms of trade, such as retail sale via stalls and markets (group 478) and other non-store retail sale, e.g. mail order, door-to-door, by vending machines etc. (group 479).

    The goods sold in this division are limited to goods usually referred to as consumer goods or retail goods. Therefore goods not usually entering the retail trade, such as cereal grains, ores, industrial machinery etc., are excluded. This division also includes units engaged primarily in selling to the general public, from displayed goods, products such as personal computers, stationery, paint or timber, although these sales may not be for personal or household use. Some processing of goods may be involved, but only incidental to selling, e.g. sorting or repackaging of goods, installation of a domestic appliance etc.

    This division also includes the retail sale by commission agents and activities of retail auctioning houses.

    This division excludes:
    ~ sale of farmers' products by farmers, see division 01
    ~ manufacture and sale of goods, WHICH is generally classified as manufacturing in divisions 10-32
    ~ sale of motor vehicles, motorcycles and their parts, see division 45
    ~ trade in cereal grains, ores, crude petroleum, industrial chemicals, iron and steel and industrial machinery and equipment, see division 46
    ~ sale of food and drinks for consumption on the premises and sale of takeaway food, see division 56
    ~ renting of personal and household goods to the general public, see group 772

  • Division 56
    Food and beverage service activities
    This division includes food and beverage serving activities providing complete meals or drinks fit for immediate consumption, whether in traditional restaurants, self-service or take-away restaurants, whether as permanent or temporary stands with or without seating. Decisive is the fact that meals fit for immediate consumption are offered, not the kind of facility providing them.

    Excluded is the production of meals not fit for immediate consumption or not planned to be consumed immediately or of prepared food WHICH is not considered to be a meal (see divisions 10: Manufacture of food products and 11: Manufacture of beverages). Also excluded is the sale of not self-manufactured food that is not considered to be a meal or of meals that are not fit for immediate consumption (see section G: Wholesale and retail trade; ...).

  • Division 86
    Human health activities
    This division includes activities of short- or long-term hospitals, general or specialty medical, surgical, psychiatric and substance abuse hospitals, sanatoria, preventoria, medical nursing homes, asylums, mental hospital institutions, rehabilitation centres, leprosaria and other human health institutions WHICH have accommodation facilities and WHICH engage in providing diagnostic and medical treatment to inpatients with any of a wide variety of medical conditions. It also includes medical consultation and treatment in the field of general and specialized medicine by general practitioners and medical specialists and surgeons. It includes dental practice activities of a general or specialized nature and orthodontic activities. Additionally, this division includes activities for human health not performed by hospitals or by practicing medical doctors but by paramedical practitioners legally recognized to treat patients.
  • Section B
    Mining and quarrying
    This section includes the extraction of minerals occurring naturally as solids (coal and ores), liquids (petroleum) or gases (natural gas). Extraction can be achieved by different methods such as underground or surface mining, well operation, seabed mining etc.
    This section also includes supplementary activities aimed at preparing the crude materials for marketing, for example, crushing, grinding, cleaning, drying, sorting, concentrating ores, liquefaction of natural gas and agglomeration of solid fuels. These operations are often carried out by the units that extracted the resource and/or others located nearby.
    Mining activities are classified into divisions, groups and classes on the basis of the principal mineral produced. Divisions 05, 06 are concerned with mining and quarrying of fossil fuels (coal, lignite, petroleum, gas); divisions 07, 08 concern metal ores, various minerals and quarry products.
    Some of the technical operations of this section, particularly related to the extraction of hydrocarbons, may also be carried out for third parties by specialized units as an industrial service, WHICH is reflected in division 09.

    This section excludes the processing of the extracted materials (see section C - Manufacturing), WHICH also covers the bottling of natural spring and mineral waters at springs and wells (see class 1104) or the crushing, grinding or otherwise treating certain earths, rocks and minerals not carried out in conjunction with mining and quarrying (see class 2399). This section also excludes the usage of the extracted materials without a further transformation for construction purposes (see section F - Construction), the collection, purification and distribution of water (see class 3600), separate site preparation activities for mining (see class 4312) and geophysical, geologic and seismic surveying activities (see class 7110).

  • Section C
    Manufacturing
    This section includes the physical or chemical transformation of materials, substances, or components into new products, although this cannot be used as the single universal criterion for defining manufacturing (see remark on processing of waste below). The materials, substances, or components transformed are raw materials that are products of agriculture, forestry, fishing, mining or quarrying as well as products of other manufacturing activities. Substantial alteration, renovation or reconstruction of goods is generally considered to be manufacturing.

    Units engaged in manufacturing are often described as plants, factories or mills and characteristically use power-driven machines and materials-handling equipment. However, units that transform materials or substances into new products by hand or in the worker's home and those engaged in selling to the general public of products made on the same premises from WHICH they are sold, such as bakeries and custom tailors, are also included in this section. Manufacturing units may process materials or may contract with other units to process their materials for them. Both types of units are included in manufacturing.

    The output of a manufacturing process may be finished in the sense that it is ready for utilization or consumption, or it may be semi-finished in the sense that it is to become an input for further manufacturing. For example, the output of alumina refining is the input used in the primary production of aluminium; primary aluminium is the input to aluminium wire drawing; and aluminium wire is the input for the manufacture of fabricated wire products.

    Manufacture of specialized components and parts of, and accessories and attachments to, machinery and equipment is, as a general rule, classified in the same class as the manufacture of the machinery and equipment for WHICH the parts and accessories are intended. Manufacture of unspecialized components and parts of machinery and equipment, e.g. engines, pistons, electric motors, electrical assemblies, valves, gears, roller bearings, is classified in the appropriate class of manufacturing, without regard to the machinery and equipment in WHICH these items may be included. However, making specialized components and accessories by moulding or extruding plastics materials is included in class 2220.

    Assembly of the component parts of manufactured products is considered manufacturing. This includes the assembly of manufactured products from either self-produced or purchased components.

    The recovery of waste, i.e. the processing of waste into secondary raw materials is classified in class 3830 (Materials recovery). While this may involve physical or chemical transformations, this is not considered to be a part of manufacturing. The primary purpose of these activities is considered to be the treatment or processing of waste and they are therefore classified in Section E (Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities). However, the manufacture of new final products (as opposed to secondary raw materials) is classified in manufacturing, even if these processes use waste as an input. For example, the production of silver from film waste is considered to be a manufacturing process.

    Specialized maintenance and repair of industrial, commercial and similar machinery and equipment is, in general, classified in division 33 (Repair, maintenance and installation of machinery and equipment). However, the repair of computers and personal and household goods is classified in division 95 (Repair of computers and personal and household goods), while the repair of motor vehicles is classified in division 45 (Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles).

    The installation of machinery and equipment, when carried out as a specialized activity, is classified in 3320.

    Remark: The boundaries of manufacturing and the other sectors of the classification system can be somewhat blurry.

  • Section D
    Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply
    This section includes the activity of providing electric power, natural gas, steam, hot water and the like through a permanent infrastructure (network) of lines, mains and pipes. The dimension of the network is not decisive; also included are the distribution of electricity, gas, steam, hot water and the like in industrial parks or residential buildings.
    This section therefore includes the operation of electric and gas utilities, WHICH generate, control and distribute electric power or gas. Also included is the provision of steam and air-conditioning supply.

    This section excludes the operation of water and sewerage utilities, see 36, 37. This section also excludes the (typically long-distance) transport of gas through pipelines.

  • Section I
    Accommodation and food service activities
    This section includes the provision of short-stay accommodation for visitors and other travellers and the provision of complete meals and drinks fit for immediate consumption. The amount and type of supplementary services provided within this section can vary widely.

    This section excludes the provision of long-term accommodation as primary residences, WHICH is classified in Real estate activities (section L). Also excluded is the preparation of food or drinks that are either not fit for immediate consumption or that are sold through independent distribution channels, i.e. through wholesale or retail trade activities. The preparation of these foods is classified in Manufacturing (section C).