SIC CODES

List of SIC Codes and their Activities for "industrial"

List of SIC Codes and Activities that contain the word industrial in their name or description

industrial, SIC Activities

There are 59 Economic Activities in all levels that containg the word "INDUSTRIAL" in their name or detailed description. Have you that what you are searching for?

  • Class 0810
    Quarrying of stone, sand and clay
    This class includes:
    ~ quarrying, rough trimming and sawing of monumental and building stone such as marble, granite, sandstone etc.
    ~ quarrying, crushing and breaking of limestone
    ~ mining of gypsum and anhydrite
    ~ mining of chalk and uncalcined dolomite
    ~ extraction and dredging of INDUSTRIAL sand, sand for construction and gravel
    ~ breaking and crushing of stone and gravel
    ~ quarrying of sand
    ~ mining of clays, refractory clays and kaolin

  • Class 1030
    Processing and preserving of fruit and vegetables
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of food consisting chiefly of fruit or vegetables, except ready-made dishes in frozen or canned form
    ~ preserving of fruit, nuts or vegetables: freezing, drying, immersing in oil or in vinegar, canning etc.
    ~ manufacture of fruit or vegetable food products
    ~ manufacture of fruit or vegetable juices
    ~ manufacture of jams, marmalades and table jellies
    ~ processing and preserving of potatoes:
    ~ manufacture of prepared frozen potatoes
    ~ manufacture of dehydrated mashed potatoes
    ~ manufacture of potato snacks
    ~ manufacture of potato crisps
    ~ manufacture of potato flour and meal
    ~ roasting of nuts
    ~ manufacture of nut foods and pastes

    This class also includes:
    ~ INDUSTRIAL peeling of potatoes
    ~ production of concentrates from fresh fruits and vegetables
    ~ manufacture of perishable prepared foods of fruit and vegetables, such as:
    ~ salads
    ~ peeled or cut vegetables
    ~ tofu (bean curd)

  • Class 1410
    Manufacture of wearing apparel, except fur apparel
    This class includes the manufacture of wearing apparel. The material used may be of any kind (see below for exceptions) and may be coated, impregnated or rubberized.

    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of wearing apparel made of leather or composition leather, including leather INDUSTRIAL work accessories such as welder's leather aprons
    ~ manufacture of work wear
    ~ manufacture of other outerwear made of woven, knitted or crocheted fabric, non-wovens etc. for men, women and children:
    ~ coats, suits, ensembles, jackets, trousers, skirts etc.
    ~ manufacture of underwear and nightwear made of woven, knitted or crocheted fabric, lace etc. for men, women and children:
    ~ shirts, T-shirts, underpants, briefs, pyjamas, nightdresses, dressing gowns, blouses, slips, brassieres, corsets etc.
    ~ manufacture of babies' garments, tracksuits, ski suits, swimwear etc.
    ~ manufacture of hats and caps
    ~ manufacture of other clothing accessories: gloves, belts, shawls, ties, cravats, hairnets etc.

    This class also includes:
    ~ custom tailoring
    ~ manufacture of headgear of fur skins
    ~ manufacture of footwear of textile material without applied soles
    ~ manufacture of parts of the products listed

  • Class 1420
    Manufacture of articles of fur
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of articles made of fur skins:
    ~ fur wearing apparel and clothing accessories
    ~ assemblies of fur skins such as dropped fur skins, plates, mats, strips etc.
    ~ diverse articles of fur skins: rugs, unstuffed pouffes, INDUSTRIAL polishing cloths


  • Class 1701
    Manufacture of pulp, paper and paperboard
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of bleached, semi-bleached or unbleached paper pulp by mechanical, chemical (dissolving or non-dissolving) or semi-chemical processes
    ~ manufacture of cotton-linters pulp
    ~ removal of ink and manufacture of pulp from waste paper
    ~ manufacture of paper and paperboard intended for further INDUSTRIAL processing

    This class also includes:
    ~ further processing of paper and paperboard:
    ~ coating, covering and impregnating of paper and paperboard
    ~ manufacture of crêped or crinkled paper
    ~ manufacture of laminates and foils, if laminated with paper or paperboard
    ~ manufacture of handmade paper
    ~ manufacture of newsprint and other printing or writing paper
    ~ manufacture of cellulose wadding and webs of cellulose fibres
    ~ manufacture of carbon paper or stencil paper in rolls or large sheets

  • Class 2011
    Manufacture of basic chemicals
    This class includes the manufacture of chemicals using basic processes, such as thermal cracking and distillation. The output of these processes are usually separate chemical elements or separate chemically defined compounds.

    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of liquefied or compressed inorganic INDUSTRIAL or medical gases:
    ~ elemental gases
    ~ liquid or compressed air
    ~ refrigerant gases
    ~ mixed INDUSTRIAL gases
    ~ inert gases such as carbon dioxide
    ~ isolating gases
    ~ manufacture of dyes and pigments from any source in basic form or as concentrate
    ~ manufacture of chemical elements
    ~ manufacture of inorganic acids except nitric acid
    ~ manufacture of alkalis, lyes and other inorganic bases except ammonia
    ~ manufacture of other inorganic compounds
    ~ manufacture of basic organic chemicals:
    ~ acyclic hydrocarbons, saturated and unsaturated
    ~ cyclic hydrocarbons, saturated and unsaturated
    ~ acyclic and cyclic alcohols
    ~ mono- and polycarboxylic acids, including acetic acid
    ~ other oxygen-function compounds, including aldehydes, ketones, quinones and dual or poly oxygen-function compounds
    ~ synthetic glycerol
    ~ nitrogen-function organic compounds, including amines
    ~ fermentation of sugarcane, corn or similar to produce alcohol and esters
    ~ other organic compounds, including wood distillation products (e.g. charcoal) etc.
    ~ manufacture of distilled water
    ~ manufacture of synthetic aromatic products
    ~ roasting of iron pyrites

    This class also includes:
    ~ manufacture of products of a kind used as fluorescent brightening agents or as luminophores
    ~ enrichment of uranium and thorium ores and production of fuel elements for nuclear reactors

  • Class 2029
    Manufacture of other chemical products n.e.c.
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of propellant powders
    ~ manufacture of explosives and pyrotechnic products, including percussion caps, detonators, signalling flares etc.
    ~ manufacture of gelatine and its derivatives, glues and prepared adhesives, including rubber-based glues and adhesives
    ~ manufacture of extracts of natural aromatic products
    ~ manufacture of resinoids
    ~ manufacture of aromatic distilled waters
    ~ manufacture of mixtures of odoriferous products for the manufacture of perfumes or food
    ~ manufacture of photographic plates, films, sensitized paper and other sensitized unexposed materials
    ~ manufacture of chemical preparations for photographic uses
    ~ manufacture of various chemical products:
    ~ peptones, peptone derivatives, other protein substances and their derivatives n.e.c.
    ~ essential oils
    ~ chemically modified oils and fats
    ~ materials used in the finishing of textiles and leather
    ~ powders and pastes used in soldering, brazing or welding
    ~ substances used to pickle metal
    ~ prepared additives for cements
    ~ activated carbon, lubricating oil additives, prepared rubber accelerators, catalysts and other chemical products for INDUSTRIAL use
    ~ anti-knock preparations, antifreeze preparations
    ~ composite diagnostic or laboratory reagents

    This class also includes:
    ~ manufacture of writing and drawing ink
    ~ manufacture of matches

  • Class 2393
    Manufacture of other porcelain and ceramic products
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of ceramic tableware and other domestic or toilet articles
    ~ manufacture of statuettes and other ornamental ceramic articles
    ~ manufacture of electrical insulators and insulating fittings of ceramics
    ~ manufacture of ceramic and ferrite magnets
    ~ manufacture of ceramic laboratory, chemical and INDUSTRIAL products
    ~ manufacture of ceramic pots, jars and similar articles of a kind used for conveyance or packing of goods
    ~ manufacture of ceramic furniture
    ~ manufacture of ceramic products n.e.c.

  • Class 2511
    Manufacture of structural metal products
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of metal frameworks or skeletons for construction and parts thereof (towers, masts, trusses, bridges etc.)
    ~ manufacture of INDUSTRIAL frameworks in metal (frameworks for blast furnaces, lifting and handling equipment etc.)
    ~ manufacture of prefabricated buildings mainly of metal:
    ~ site huts, modular exhibition elements etc.
    ~ manufacture of metal doors, windows and their frames, shutters and gates
    ~ metal room partitions for floor attachment

  • Class 2660
    Manufacture of irradiation, electromedical and electrotherapeutic equipment
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of irradiation apparatus and tubes (e.g. INDUSTRIAL, medical diagnostic, medical therapeutic, research, scientific):
    ~ beta-, gamma, X-ray or other radiation equipment
    ~ manufacture of CT scanners
    ~ manufacture of PET scanners
    ~ manufacture of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) equipment
    ~ manufacture of medical ultrasound equipment
    ~ manufacture of electrocardiographs
    ~ manufacture of electromedical endoscopic equipment
    ~ manufacture of medical laser equipment
    ~ manufacture of pacemakers
    ~ manufacture of hearing aids

    This class also includes:
    ~ manufacture of food and milk irradiation equipment


  • Class 2651
    Manufacture of measuring, testing, navigating and control equipment
    This class includes the manufacture of search, detection, navigation, guidance, aeronautical and nautical systems and instruments; automatic controls and regulators for applications, such as heating, air-conditioning, refrigeration and appliances; instruments and devices for measuring, displaying, indicating, recording, transmitting and controlling INDUSTRIAL process variables, such as temperature, humidity, pressure, vacuum, combustion, flow, level, viscosity, density, acidity, concentration and rotation; totalizing (i.e. registering) fluid meters and counting devices; instruments for measuring and testing the characteristics of electricity and electrical signals; instruments and instrumentation systems for laboratory analysis of the chemical or physical composition or concentration of samples of solid, fluid, gaseous or composite material and other measuring and testing instruments and parts thereof.
    The manufacture of non-electric measuring, testing, navigating and control equipment (except simple mechanical tools) is included here.

    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of aircraft engine instruments
    ~ manufacture of automotive emissions testing equipment
    ~ manufacture of meteorological instruments
    ~ manufacture of physical properties testing and inspection equipment
    ~ manufacture of polygraph machines
    ~ manufacture of instruments for measuring and testing electricity and electrical signals (including for telecommunications)
    ~ manufacture of radiation detection and monitoring instruments
    ~ manufacture of electron and proton microscopes
    ~ manufacture of surveying instruments
    ~ manufacture of thermometers liquid-in-glass and bimetal types (except medical)
    ~ manufacture of humidistats
    ~ manufacture of hydronic limit controls
    ~ manufacture of flame and burner control
    ~ manufacture of spectrometers
    ~ manufacture of pneumatic gauges
    ~ manufacture of consumption meters (e.g. water, gas)
    ~ manufacture of flow meters and counting devices
    ~ manufacture of tally counters
    ~ manufacture of mine detectors, pulse (signal) generators; metal detectors
    ~ manufacture of search, detection, navigation, aeronautical and nautical equipment, including sonobuoys
    ~ manufacture of radar equipment
    ~ manufacture of GPS devices
    ~ manufacture of environmental controls and automatic controls for appliances
    ~ manufacture of measuring and recording equipment (e.g. flight recorders)
    ~ manufacture of motion detectors
    ~ manufacture of laboratory analytical instruments (e.g. blood analysis equipment)
    ~ manufacture of laboratory scales, balances, incubators, and miscellaneous laboratory apparatus for measuring, testing, etc.

  • Class 2710
    Manufacture of electric motors, generators, transformers and electricity distribution and control apparatus
    This class includes the manufacture of power, distribution and specialty transformers; electric motors, generators and motor generator sets; switchgear and switchboard apparatus; relays and INDUSTRIAL controls. The electrical equipment manufactured in this class is for distribution level voltages.

    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of distribution transformers, electric
    ~ manufacture of arc-welding transformers
    ~ manufacture of fluorescent ballasts (i.e. transformers)
    ~ manufacture of substation transformers for electric power distribution
    ~ manufacture of transmission and distribution voltage regulators
    ~ manufacture of electric motors (except internal combustion engine starting motors)
    ~ manufacture of power generators (except battery charging alternators for internal combustion engines)
    ~ manufacture of motor generator sets (except turbine generator set units)
    ~ manufacture of prime mover generator sets
    ~ rewinding of armatures on a factory basis
    ~ manufacture of power circuit breakers
    ~ manufacture of surge suppressors (for distribution level voltage)
    ~ manufacture of control panels for electric power distribution
    ~ manufacture of electrical relays
    ~ manufacture of duct for electrical switchboard apparatus
    ~ manufacture of electric fuses
    ~ manufacture of power switching equipment
    ~ manufacture of electric power switches (except pushbutton, snap, solenoid, tumbler)

  • Class 2813
    Manufacture of other pumps, compressors, taps and valves
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of air or vacuum pumps, air or other gas compressors
    ~ manufacture of pumps for liquids whether or not fitted with a measuring device
    ~ manufacture of pumps designed for fitting to internal combustion engines: oil, water and fuel pumps for motor vehicles etc.

    This class also includes:
    ~ manufacture of INDUSTRIAL taps and valves, including regulating valves and intake taps
    ~ manufacture of sanitary taps and valves
    ~ manufacture of heating taps and valves
    ~ manufacture of hand pumps

  • Class 2815
    Manufacture of ovens, furnaces and furnace burners
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of electrical and other INDUSTRIAL and laboratory furnaces and ovens, including incinerators
    ~ manufacture of burners
    ~ manufacture of permanent mount electric space heaters, electric swimming pool heaters
    ~ manufacture of permanent mount non-electric household heating equipment, such as solar heating, steam heating, oil heat and similar furnaces and heating equipment
    ~ manufacture of electric household-type furnaces (electric forced air furnaces, heat pumps, etc.), non-electric household forced air furnaces

    This class also includes:
    ~ manufacture of mechanical stokers, grates, ash dischargers etc.

  • Class 2816
    Manufacture of lifting and handling equipment
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of hand-operated or power-driven lifting, handling, loading or unloading machinery:
    ~ pulley tackle and hoists, winches, capstans and jacks
    ~ derricks, cranes, mobile lifting frames, straddle carriers etc.
    ~ works trucks, whether or not fitted with lifting or handling equipment, whether or not self-propelled, of the type used in factories (including hand trucks and wheelbarrows)
    ~ mechanical manipulators and INDUSTRIAL robots specifically designed for lifting, handling, loading or unloading
    ~ manufacture of conveyors, telfers (téléphériques) etc.
    ~ manufacture of lifts, escalators and moving walkways
    ~ manufacture of parts specialized for lifting and handling equipment

  • Class 2819
    Manufacture of other general-purpose machinery
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of INDUSTRIAL refrigerating or freezing equipment, including assemblies of major components
    ~ manufacture of air-conditioning machines, including for motor vehicles
    ~ manufacture of non-domestic fans
    ~ manufacture of weighing machinery (other than sensitive laboratory balances):
    ~ household and shop scales, platform scales, scales for continuous weighing, weighbridges, weights etc.
    ~ manufacture of filtering or purifying machinery and apparatus for liquids
    ~ manufacture of equipment for projecting, dispersing or spraying liquids or powders:
    ~ spray guns, fire extinguishers, sandblasting machines, steam cleaning machines etc.
    ~ manufacture of packing and wrapping machinery:
    ~ filling, closing, sealing, capsuling or labeling machines etc.
    ~ manufacture of machinery for cleaning or drying bottles and for aerating beverages
    ~ manufacture of distilling or rectifying plant for petroleum refineries, chemical industries, beverage industries etc.
    ~ manufacture of heat exchangers
    ~ manufacture of machinery for liquefying air or gas
    ~ manufacture of gas generators
    ~ manufacture of calendering or other rolling machines and cylinders thereof (except for metal and glass)
    ~ manufacture of centrifuges (except cream separators and clothes dryers)
    ~ manufacture of gaskets and similar joints made of a combination of materials or layers of the same material
    ~ manufacture of automatic goods vending machines
    ~ manufacture of parts for general-purpose machinery
    ~ manufacture of attic ventilation fans (gable fans, roof ventilators, etc.)
    ~ manufacture of levels, tape measures and similar hand tools, machinists' precision tools (except optical)
    ~ manufacture of non-electrical welding and soldering equipment

  • Class 3211
    Manufacture of jewellery and related articles
    This class includes:
    ~ production of worked pearls
    ~ production of precious and semi-precious stones in the worked state, including the working of INDUSTRIAL quality stones and synthetic or reconstructed precious or semi-precious stones
    ~ working of diamonds
    ~ manufacture of jewellery of precious metal or of base metals clad with precious metals, or precious or semi-precious stones, or of combinations of precious metal and precious or semi-precious stones or of other materials
    ~ manufacture of goldsmiths' articles of precious metals or of base metals clad with precious metals:
    ~ dinnerware, flatware, hollowware, toilet articles, office or desk articles, articles for religious use etc.
    ~ manufacture of technical or laboratory articles of precious metal (except instruments and parts thereof): crucibles, spatulas, electroplating anodes etc.
    ~ manufacture of precious metal watch bands, wristbands, watch straps and cigarette cases
    ~ manufacture of coins, including coins for use as legal tender, whether or not of precious metal

    This class also includes:
    ~ engraving of personal precious and non-precious metal products

  • Class 2825
    Manufacture of machinery for food, beverage and tobacco processing
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of agricultural dryers
    ~ manufacture of machinery for the dairy industry:
    ~ cream separators
    ~ milk processing machinery (e.g. homogenizers)
    ~ milk converting machinery (e.g. butter chums, butter workers and moulding machines)
    ~ cheese-making machines (e.g. homogenizers, moulders, presses) etc.
    ~ manufacture of machinery for the grain milling industry:
    ~ machinery to clean, sort or grade seeds, grain or dried leguminous vegetables (winnowers, sieving belts, separators, grain brushing machines etc.)
    ~ machinery to produce flour and meal etc. (grinding mills, feeders, sifters, bran cleaners, blenders, rice hullers, pea splitters)
    ~ manufacture of presses, crushers etc. used to make wine, cider, fruit juices etc.
    ~ manufacture of machinery for the bakery industry or for making macaroni, spaghetti or similar products:
    ~ bakery ovens, dough mixers, dough-dividers, moulders, slicers, cake depositing machines etc.
    ~ manufacture of machines and equipment to process diverse foods:
    ~ machinery to make confectionery, cocoa or chocolate; to manufacture sugar; for breweries; to process meat or poultry; to prepare fruit, nuts or vegetables; to prepare fish, shellfish or other seafood
    ~ machinery for filtering and purifying
    ~ other machinery for the INDUSTRIAL preparation or manufacture of food or drink
    ~ manufacture of machinery for the extraction or preparation of animal or vegetable fats or oils
    ~ manufacture of machinery for the preparation of tobacco and for the making of cigarettes or cigars, or for pipe or chewing tobacco or snuff
    ~ manufacture of machinery for the preparation of food in hotels and restaurants


  • Class 3314
    Repair of electrical equipment
    This class includes the repair and maintenance of goods of division 27, except those in class 2750 (domestic appliances).

    This class includes:
    ~ repair and maintenance of power, distribution, and specialty transformers
    ~ repair and maintenance of electric motors, generators, and motor generator sets
    ~ repair and maintenance of switchgear and switchboard apparatus
    ~ repair and maintenance of relays and INDUSTRIAL controls
    ~ repair and maintenance of primary and storage batteries
    ~ repair and maintenance of electric lighting equipment
    ~ repair and maintenance of current-carrying wiring devices and non current-carrying wiring devices for wiring electrical circuits

  • Class 2829
    Manufacture of other special-purpose machinery
    This class includes the manufacture of special-purpose machinery not elsewhere classified.

    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of machinery for making paper pulp
    ~ manufacture of paper and paperboard making machinery
    ~ manufacture of dryers for wood, paper pulp, paper or paperboard
    ~ manufacture of machinery producing articles of paper or paperboard
    ~ manufacture of machinery for working soft rubber or plastics or for the manufacture of products of these materials:
    ~ extruders, moulders, pneumatic tyre making or retreading machines and other machines for making a specific rubber or plastic product
    ~ manufacture of printing and bookbinding machines and machines for activities supporting printing on a variety of materials
    ~ manufacture of machinery for producing tiles, bricks, shaped ceramic pastes, pipes, graphite electrodes, blackboard chalk, foundry moulds etc.
    ~ manufacture of semi-conductor manufacturing machinery
    ~ manufacture of INDUSTRIAL robots performing multiple tasks for special purposes
    ~ manufacture of diverse special-purpose machinery and equipment:
    ~ machines to assemble electric or electronic lamps, tubes (valves) or bulbs
    ~ machines for production or hot-working of glass or glassware, glass fibre or yarn
    ~ machinery or apparatus for isotopic separation
    ~ manufacture of tire alignment and balancing equipment; balancing equipment (except wheel balancing)
    ~ manufacture of central greasing systems
    ~ manufacture of aircraft launching gear, aircraft carrier catapults and related equipment
    ~ manufacture of automatic bowling alley equipment (e.g. pin-setters)
    ~ manufacture of roundabouts, swings, shooting galleries and other fairground amusements

  • Class 3320
    Installation of INDUSTRIAL machinery and equipment
    This class includes the specialized installation of machinery. However, the installation of equipment that forms an integral part of buildings or similar structures, such as installation of escalators, electrical wiring, burglar alarm systems or air-conditioning systems, is classified as construction.

    This class includes:
    ~ installation of INDUSTRIAL machinery in INDUSTRIAL plant
    ~ installation of INDUSTRIAL process control equipment
    ~ installation of other INDUSTRIAL equipment, e.g.:
    ~ communications equipment
    ~ mainframe and similar computers
    ~ irradiation and electromedical equipment etc.
    ~ dismantling large-scale machinery and equipment
    ~ activities of millwrights
    ~ machine rigging
    ~ installation of bowling alley equipment

  • Class 3312
    Repair of machinery
    This class includes the repair and maintenance of INDUSTRIAL machinery and equipment like sharpening or installing commercial and INDUSTRIAL machinery blades and saws; the provision of welding (e.g. automotive, general) repair services; the repair of agricultural and other heavy and INDUSTRIAL machinery and equipment (e.g. forklifts and other materials handling equipment, machine tools, commercial refrigeration equipment, construction equipment and mining machinery), comprising machinery and equipment of division 28.

    This class includes:
    ~ repair and maintenance of non-automotive engines, e.g. ship or rail engines
    ~ repair and maintenance of pumps and related equipment
    ~ repair and maintenance of fluid power equipment
    ~ repair of valves
    ~ repair of gearing and driving elements
    ~ repair and maintenance of INDUSTRIAL process furnaces
    ~ repair and maintenance of materials handling equipment
    ~ repair and maintenance of commercial refrigeration equipment and air purifying equipment
    ~ repair and maintenance of commercial-type general-purpose machinery
    ~ repair of other power-driven hand-tools
    ~ repair and maintenance of metal cutting and metal forming machine tools and accessories
    ~ repair and maintenance of other machine tools
    ~ repair and maintenance of agricultural tractors
    ~ repair and maintenance of agricultural machinery and forestry and logging machinery
    ~ repair and maintenance of metallurgy machinery
    ~ repair and maintenance of mining, construction, and oil and gas field machinery
    ~ repair and maintenance of food, beverage, and tobacco processing machinery
    ~ repair and maintenance of textile apparel, and leather production machinery
    ~ repair and maintenance of papermaking machinery
    ~ repair and maintenance of other special-purpose machinery of division 28
    ~ repair and maintenance of weighing equipment
    ~ repair and maintenance of vending machines
    ~ repair and maintenance of cash registers
    ~ repair and maintenance of photocopy machines
    ~ repair of calculators, electronic or not
    ~ repair of typewriters

  • Class 3600
    Water collection, treatment and supply
    This class includes water collection, treatment and distribution activities for domestic and INDUSTRIAL needs. Collection of water from various sources, as well as distribution by various means is included.
    The operation of irrigation canals is also included; however the provision of irrigation services through sprinklers, and similar agricultural support services, is not included.

    This class includes:
    ~ collection of water from rivers, lakes, wells etc.
    ~ collection of rain water
    ~ purification of water for water supply purposes
    ~ treatment of water for INDUSTRIAL and other purposes
    ~ desalting of sea or ground water to produce water as the principal product of interest
    ~ distribution of water through mains, by trucks or other means
    ~ operation of irrigation canals

  • Class 3700
    Sewerage
    This class includes:
    ~ operation of sewer systems or sewer treatment facilities
    ~ collecting and transporting of human or INDUSTRIAL wastewater from one or several users, as well as rain water by means of sewerage networks, collectors, tanks and other means of transport (sewage vehicles etc.)
    ~ emptying and cleaning of cesspools and septic tanks, sinks and pits from sewage; servicing of chemical toilets
    ~ treatment of wastewater (including human and INDUSTRIAL wastewater, water from swimming pools etc.) by means of physical, chemical and biological processes like dilution, screening, filtering, sedimentation etc.
    ~ maintenance and cleaning of sewers and drains, including sewer rodding

  • Class 3900
    Remediation activities and other waste management services
    This class includes:
    ~ decontamination of soils and groundwater at the place of pollution, either in situ or ex situ, using e.g. mechanical, chemical or biological methods
    ~ decontamination of INDUSTRIAL plants or sites, including nuclear plants and sites
    ~ decontamination and cleaning up of surface water following accidental pollution, e.g. through collection of pollutants or through application of chemicals
    ~ cleaning up of oil spills and other pollutions on land, in surface water, in ocean and seas, including coastal areas
    ~ asbestos, lead paint, and other toxic material abatement
    ~ clearing of landmines and the like (including detonation)
    ~ other specialized pollution-control activities

  • Class 4100
    Construction of buildings
    This class includes the construction of complete residential or non-residential buildings, on own account for sale or on a fee or contract basis. Outsourcing parts or even the whole construction process is possible. If only specialized parts of the construction process are carried out, the activity is classified in division 43.

    This class includes:
    ~ construction of all types of residential buildings:
    ~ single-family houses
    ~ multi-family buildings, including high-rise buildings
    ~ construction of all types of non-residential buildings:
    ~ buildings for INDUSTRIAL production, e.g. factories, workshops, assembly plants etc.
    ~ hospitals, schools, office buildings
    ~ hotels, stores, shopping malls, restaurants
    ~ airport buildings
    ~ indoor sports facilities
    ~ parking garages, including underground parking garages
    ~ warehouses
    ~ religious buildings
    ~ assembly and erection of prefabricated constructions on the site

    This class also includes:
    ~ remodeling or renovating existing residential structures

  • Class 4290
    Construction of other civil engineering projects
    This class includes:
    ~ construction of INDUSTRIAL facilities, except buildings, such as:
    ~ refineries
    ~ chemical plants
    ~ construction of:
    ~ waterways, harbour and river works, pleasure ports (marinas), locks, etc.
    ~ dams and dykes
    ~ dredging of waterways
    ~ construction work, other than buildings, such as:
    ~ outdoor sports facilities

    This class also includes:
    ~ land subdivision with land improvement (e.g. adding of roads, utility infrastructure etc.)

  • Class 4329
    Other construction installation
    This class includes the installation of equipment other than electrical, plumbing, heating and air-conditioning systems or INDUSTRIAL machinery in buildings and civil engineering structures, including maintenance and repair.

    This class includes:
    ~ installation in buildings or other construction projects of:
    ~ elevators, escalators
    ~ automated and revolving doors
    ~ lightning conductors
    ~ vacuum cleaning systems
    ~ thermal, sound or vibration insulation

  • Class 4390
    Other specialized construction activities
    This class includes:
    ~ construction activities specializing in one aspect common to different kind of structures, requiring specialized skill or equipment:
    ~ construction of foundations, including pile driving
    ~ damp proofing and water proofing works
    ~ de-humidification of buildings
    ~ shaft sinking
    ~ erection of non-self-manufactured steel elements
    ~ steel bending
    ~ bricklaying and stone setting
    ~ roof covering for residential buildings
    ~ scaffolds and work platform erecting and dismantling, excluding renting of scaffolds and work platforms
    ~ erection of chimneys and INDUSTRIAL ovens
    ~ work with specialist access requirements necessitating climbing skills and the use of related equipment, e.g. working at height on tall structures
    ~ subsurface work
    ~ construction of outdoor swimming pools
    ~ steam cleaning, sand blasting and similar activities for building exteriors
    ~ renting of cranes with operator

  • Class 4610
    Wholesale on a fee or contract basis
    This class includes:
    ~ activities of commission agents and all other wholesalers who trade on behalf and on the account of others
    ~ activities of those involved in bringing sellers and buyers together or undertaking commercial transactions on behalf of a principal, including on the internet
    ~ such agents involved in the sale of:
    ~ agricultural raw materials, live animals, textile raw materials and semi-finished goods
    ~ fuels, ores, metals and INDUSTRIAL chemicals, including fertilizers
    ~ food, beverages and tobacco
    ~ textiles, clothing, fur, footwear and leather goods
    ~ timber and building materials
    ~ machinery, including office machinery and computers, INDUSTRIAL equipment, ships and aircraft
    ~ furniture, household goods and hardware

    This class also includes:
    ~ activities of wholesale auctioneering houses

  • Class 4659
    Wholesale of other machinery and equipment
    This class includes:
    ~ wholesale of office machinery and equipment, except computers and computer peripheral equipment
    ~ wholesale of office furniture
    ~ wholesale of transport equipment except motor vehicles, motorcycles and bicycles
    ~ wholesale of production-line robots
    ~ wholesale of wires and switches and other installation equipment for INDUSTRIAL use
    ~ wholesale of other electrical material such as electrical motors, transformers
    ~ wholesale of machine tools of any type and for any material
    ~ wholesale of other machinery n.e.c. for use in industry, trade and navigation and other services

    This class also includes:
    ~ wholesale of computer-controlled machine tools
    ~ wholesale of computer-controlled machinery for the textile industry and of computer-controlled sewing and knitting machines
    ~ wholesale of measuring instruments and equipment

  • Class 4669
    Wholesale of waste and scrap and other products n.e.c.
    This class includes:
    ~ wholesale of INDUSTRIAL chemicals:
    ~ aniline, printing ink, essential oils, INDUSTRIAL gases, chemical glues, colouring matter, synthetic resin, methanol, paraffin, scents and flavourings, soda, INDUSTRIAL salt, acids and sulphurs, starch derivates etc.
    ~ wholesale of fertilizers and agrochemical products
    ~ wholesale of plastic materials in primary forms
    ~ wholesale of rubber
    ~ wholesale of textile fibres etc.
    ~ wholesale of paper in bulk
    ~ wholesale of precious stones
    ~ wholesale of metal and non-metal waste and scrap and materials for recycling, including collecting, sorting, separating, stripping of used goods such as cars in order to obtain reusable parts, packing and repacking, storage and delivery, but without a real transformation process. Additionally, the purchased and sold waste has a remaining value.

    This class includes:
    ~ dismantling of automobiles, computers, televisions and other equipment to obtain and re-sell usable parts

  • Class 5629
    Other food service activities
    This class includes INDUSTRIAL catering, i.e. the provision of food services based on contractual arrangements with the customer, for a specific period of time.
    Also included is the operation of food concessions at sports and similar facilities. The food is often prepared in a central unit.

    This class includes:
    ~ activities of food service contractors (e.g. for transportation companies)
    ~ operation of food concessions at sports and similar facilities
    ~ operation of canteens or cafeterias (e.g. for factories, offices, hospitals or schools) on a concession basis

  • Class 6492
    Other credit granting
    This class includes:
    ~ financial service activities primarily concerned with making loans by institutions not involved in monetary intermediation, where the granting of credit can take a variety of forms, such as loans, mortgages, credit cards etc., providing the following types of services:
    ~ granting of consumer credit
    ~ international trade financing
    ~ provision of long-term finance to industry by INDUSTRIAL banks
    ~ money lending outside the banking system
    ~ credit granting for house purchase by specialized non-depository institutions
    ~ pawnshops and pawnbrokers

  • Class 7110
    Architectural and engineering activities and related technical consultancy
    This class includes the provision of architectural services, engineering services, drafting services, building inspection services and surveying and mapping services and the like.

    This class includes:
    ~ architectural consulting activities:
    ~ building design and drafting
    ~ town and city planning and landscape architecture
    ~ engineering design (i.e. applying physical laws and principles of engineering in the design of machines, materials, instruments, structures, processes and systems) and consulting activities for:
    ~ machinery, INDUSTRIAL processes and INDUSTRIAL plant
    ~ projects involving civil engineering, hydraulic engineering, traffic engineering
    ~ water management projects
    ~ projects elaboration and realization relative to electrical and electronic engineering, mining engineering, chemical engineering, mechanical, INDUSTRIAL and systems engineering, safety engineering
    ~ project management activities related to construction
    ~ elaboration of projects using air conditioning, refrigeration, sanitary and pollution control engineering, acoustical engineering etc.
    ~ geophysical, geologic and seismic surveying
    ~ geodetic surveying activities:
    ~ land and boundary surveying activities
    ~ hydrologic surveying activities
    ~ subsurface surveying activities
    ~ cartographic and spatial information activities

  • Class 7410
    Specialized design activities
    This class includes:
    ~ fashion design related to textiles, wearing apparel, shoes, jewelry, furniture and other interior decoration and other fashion goods as well as other personal or household goods
    ~ INDUSTRIAL design, i.e. creating and developing designs and specifications that optimize the use, value and appearance of products, including the determination of the materials, construction, mechanism, shape, colour and surface finishes of the product, taking into consideration human characteristics and needs, safety, market appeal and efficiency in production, distribution, use and maintenance
    ~ activities of graphic designers
    ~ activities of interior decorators

  • Class 7730
    Renting and leasing of other machinery, equipment and tangible goods
    This class includes:
    ~ renting and operational leasing, without operator, of other machinery and equipment that are generally used as capital goods by industries:
    ~ engines and turbines
    ~ machine tools
    ~ mining and oilfield equipment
    ~ professional radio, television and communication equipment
    ~ motion picture production equipment
    ~ measuring and controlling equipment
    ~ other scientific, commercial and INDUSTRIAL machinery
    ~ renting and operational leasing of land-transport equipment (other than motor vehicles) without drivers:
    ~ motorcycles, caravans and campers etc.
    ~ railroad vehicles
    ~ renting and operational leasing of water-transport equipment without operator:
    ~ commercial boats and ships
    ~ renting and operational leasing of air transport equipment without operator:
    ~ airplanes
    ~ hot-air balloons
    ~ renting and operational leasing of agricultural and forestry machinery and equipment without operator:
    ~ renting of products produced by class 2821, such as agricultural tractors etc.
    ~ renting and operational leasing of construction and civil-engineering machinery and equipment without operator:
    ~ crane lorries
    ~ scaffolds and work platforms, without erection and dismantling
    ~ renting and operational leasing of office machinery and equipment without operator:
    ~ computers and computer peripheral equipment
    ~ duplicating machines, typewriters and word-processing machines
    ~ accounting machinery and equipment: cash registers, electronic calculators etc.
    ~ office furniture

    This class also includes:
    ~ renting of accommodation or office containers
    ~ renting of containers
    ~ renting of pallets
    ~ renting of animals (e.g. herds, race horses)

  • Class 8129
    Other building and INDUSTRIAL cleaning activities
    This class includes:
    ~ exterior cleaning of buildings of all types, including offices, factories, shops, institutions and other business and professional premises and multiunit residential buildings
    ~ specialized cleaning activities for buildings such as window cleaning, chimney cleaning and cleaning of fireplaces, stoves, furnaces, incinerators, boilers, ventilation ducts and exhaust units
    ~ swimming pool cleaning and maintenance services
    ~ cleaning of INDUSTRIAL machinery
    ~ bottle cleaning
    ~ cleaning of trains, buses, planes, etc.
    ~ cleaning of the inside of road and sea tankers
    ~ disinfecting and exterminating activities
    ~ street sweeping and snow and ice removal
    ~ other building and INDUSTRIAL cleaning activities, n.e.c.

  • Class 8130
    Landscape care and maintenance service activities
    This class includes:
    ~ planting, care and maintenance of:
    ~ parks and gardens for:
    ~~ private and public housing
    ~~ public and semi-public buildings (schools, hospitals, administrative buildings, church buildings etc.)
    ~~ municipal grounds (parks, green areas, cemeteries etc.)
    ~~ highway greenery (roads, train lines and tramlines, waterways, ports)
    ~~ INDUSTRIAL and commercial buildings
    ~ greenery for:
    ~~ buildings (roof gardens, façade greenery, indoor gardens)
    ~~ sports grounds (e.g. football fields, golf courses etc.), play grounds, lawns for sunbathing and other recreational parks
    ~~ stationary and flowing water (basins, alternating wet areas, ponds, swimming pools, ditches, watercourses, plant sewage systems)
    ~ plants for protection against noise, wind, erosion, visibility and dazzling

    This class also includes:
    ~ maintenance of land in order to keep it in good ecological condition

  • Class 9601
    Washing and (dry-) cleaning of textile and fur products
    This class includes:
    ~ laundering and dry-cleaning, pressing etc., of all kinds of clothing (including fur) and textiles, provided by mechanical equipment, by hand or by self-service coin-operated machines, whether for the general public or for INDUSTRIAL or commercial clients
    ~ laundry collection and delivery
    ~ carpet and rug shampooing and drapery and curtain cleaning, whether on clients' premises or not
    ~ provision of linens, work uniforms and related items by laundries
    ~ diaper supply services

    This class also includes:
    ~ repair and minor alteration of garments or other textile articles when done in connection with cleaning

  • Group 265
    Manufacture of measuring, testing, navigating and control equipment; watches and clocks
    This group includes the manufacture of measuring, testing, navigating and control equipment for various INDUSTRIAL and non INDUSTRIAL,purposes, including time-based measuring devices such as watches and clocks and related devices.
  • Group 332
    Installation of INDUSTRIAL machinery and equipment
    See class 3320.
  • Group 259
    Manufacture of other fabricated metal products; metalworking service activities
    This group includes general activities for the treatment of metal, such as forging or pressing, plating, coating, engraving, boring, polishing, welding etc., which are typically carried out on a fee or contract basis. This group also includes the manufacture of a variety of metal products, such as cutlery; metal hand tools and general hardware; cans and buckets; nails, bolts and nuts; metal household articles; metal fixtures; ships propellers and anchors; assembled railway track fixtures etc. for a variety of household and INDUSTRIAL uses.
  • Group 812
    Cleaning activities
    This group includes the activities of general interior cleaning of all types of buildings, exterior cleaning of buildings, specialized cleaning activities for buildings or other specialized cleaning activities, cleaning of INDUSTRIAL machinery, cleaning of the inside of road and sea tankers, disinfecting and extermination activities for buildings and INDUSTRIAL machinery, bottle cleaning, street sweeping, snow and ice removal.
  • Division 36
    Water collection, treatment and supply
    This division includes the collection, treatment and distribution of water for domestic and INDUSTRIAL needs. Collection of water from various sources, as well as distribution by various means is included.
  • Division 19
    Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products
    This division includes the transformation of crude petroleum and coal into usable products. The dominant process is petroleum refining, which involves the separation of crude petroleum into component products through such techniques as cracking and distillation. This division also includes the manufacture for own account of characteristic products (e.g. coke, butane, propane, petrol, kerosene, fuel oil etc.) as well as processing services (e.g. custom refining).
    This division includes the manufacture of gases such as ethane, propane and butane as products of petroleum refineries.

    Not included is the manufacture of such gases in other units (2011), manufacture of INDUSTRIAL gases (2011), extraction of natural gas (methane, ethane, butane or propane) (0600), and manufacture of fuel gas, other than petroleum gases (e.g. coal gas, water gas, producer gas, gasworks gas) (35420).
    The manufacture of petrochemicals from refined petroleum is classified in division 20.

  • Division 28
    Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.
    This division includes the manufacture of machinery and equipment that act independently on materials either mechanically or thermally or perform operations on materials (such as handling, spraying, weighing or packing), including their mechanical components that produce and apply force, and any specially manufactured primary parts. This includes the manufacture of fixed and mobile or hand-held devices, regardless of whether they are designed for INDUSTRIAL, building and civil engineering, agricultural or home use. The manufacture of special equipment for passenger or freight transport within demarcated premises also belongs within this division.
    This division distinguishes between the manufacture of special-purpose machinery, i.e. machinery for exclusive use in an ISIC industry or a small cluster of ISIC industries, and general-purpose machinery, i.e. machinery that is being used in a wide range of ISIC industries.
    This division also includes the manufacture of other special-purpose machinery, not covered elsewhere in the classification, whether or not used in a manufacturing process, such as fairground amusement equipment, automatic bowling alley equipment, etc.

    This division excludes the manufacture of metal products for general use (division 25), associated control devices, computer equipment, measurement and testing equipment, electricity distribution and control apparatus (divisions 26 and 27) and general-purpose motor vehicles (divisions 29 and 30).

  • Division 33
    Repair and installation of machinery and equipment
    This division includes the specialized repair of goods produced in the manufacturing sector with the aim to restore machinery, equipment and other products to working order. The provision of general or routine maintenance (i.e. servicing) on such products to ensure they work efficiently and to prevent breakdown and unnecessary repairs is included.

    This division does only include specialized repair and maintenance activities. A substantial amount of repair is also done by manufacturers of machinery, equipment and other goods, in which case the classification of units engaged in these repair and manufacturing activities is done according to the value-added principle which would often assign these combined activities to the manufacture of the good. The same principle is applied for combined trade and repair.

    The rebuilding or remanufacturing of machinery and equipment is considered a manufacturing activity and included in other divisions of this section.

    Repair and maintenance of goods that are utilized as capital goods as well as consumer goods is typically classified as repair and maintenance of household goods (e.g. office and household furniture repair, see 9524).

    Also included in this division is the specialized installation of machinery. However, the installation of equipment that forms an integral part of buildings or similar structures, such as installation of electrical wiring, installation of escalators or installation of air-conditioning systems, is classified as construction.

    This division excludes the cleaning of INDUSTRIAL machinery (see class 8129) and the repair and maintenance of computers, communications equipment and household goods (see division 95).

  • Division 42
    Civil engineering
    This division includes general construction for civil engineering objects. It includes new work, repair, additions and alterations, the erection of pre-fabricated structures on the site and also construction of temporary nature.

    Included is the construction of heavy constructions such as motorways, streets, bridges, tunnels, railways, airfields, harbours and other water projects, irrigation systems, sewerage systems, INDUSTRIAL facilities, pipelines and electric lines, outdoor sports facilities, etc. This work can be carried out on own account or on a fee or contract basis. Portions of the work and sometimes even the whole practical work can be subcontracted out.

  • Division 46
    Wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles
    This division includes wholesale trade on own account or on a fee or contract basis (commission trade) related to domestic wholesale trade as well as international wholesale trade (import/export).

    Wholesale is the resale (sale without transformation) of new and used goods to retailers, business-to-business trade, such as to INDUSTRIAL, commercial, institutional or professional users, or resale to other wholesalers, or involves acting as an agent or broker in buying goods for, or selling goods to, such persons or companies. The principal types of businesses included are merchant wholesalers, i.e. wholesalers who take title to the goods they sell, such as wholesale merchants or jobbers, INDUSTRIAL distributors, exporters, importers, and cooperative buying associations, sales branches and sales offices (but not retail stores) that are maintained by manufacturing or mining units apart from their plants or mines for the purpose of marketing their products and that do not merely take orders to be filled by direct shipments from the plants or mines. Also included are merchandise brokers, commission merchants and agents and assemblers, buyers and cooperative associations engaged in the marketing of farm products.

    Wholesalers frequently physically assemble, sort and grade goods in large lots, break bulk, repack and redistribute in smaller lots, for example pharmaceuticals; store, refrigerate, deliver and install goods, engage in sales promotion for their customers and label design.

    This division excludes the wholesale of motor vehicles, caravans and motorcycles, as well as motor vehicle accessories (see division 45), the renting and leasing of goods (see division 77) and the packing of solid goods and bottling of liquid or gaseous goods, including blending and filtering, for third parties (see class 8292).

  • Division 47
    Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles
    This division includes the resale (sale without transformation) of new and used goods mainly to the general public for personal or household consumption or utilization, by shops, department stores, stalls, mail-order houses, hawkers and peddlers, consumer cooperatives etc.

    Retail trade is classified first by type of sale outlet (retail trade in stores: groups 471 to 477; retail trade not in stores: groups 478 and 479). Retail trade in stores includes the retail sale of used goods (class 4774). For retail sale in stores, there exists a further distinction between specialized retail sale (groups 472 to 477) and non-specialized retail sale (group 471). The above groups are further subdivided by the range of products sold. Sale not via stores is subdivided according to the forms of trade, such as retail sale via stalls and markets (group 478) and other non-store retail sale, e.g. mail order, door-to-door, by vending machines etc. (group 479).

    The goods sold in this division are limited to goods usually referred to as consumer goods or retail goods. Therefore goods not usually entering the retail trade, such as cereal grains, ores, INDUSTRIAL machinery etc., are excluded. This division also includes units engaged primarily in selling to the general public, from displayed goods, products such as personal computers, stationery, paint or timber, although these sales may not be for personal or household use. Some processing of goods may be involved, but only incidental to selling, e.g. sorting or repackaging of goods, installation of a domestic appliance etc.

    This division also includes the retail sale by commission agents and activities of retail auctioning houses.

    This division excludes:
    ~ sale of farmers' products by farmers, see division 01
    ~ manufacture and sale of goods, which is generally classified as manufacturing in divisions 10-32
    ~ sale of motor vehicles, motorcycles and their parts, see division 45
    ~ trade in cereal grains, ores, crude petroleum, INDUSTRIAL chemicals, iron and steel and INDUSTRIAL machinery and equipment, see division 46
    ~ sale of food and drinks for consumption on the premises and sale of takeaway food, see division 56
    ~ renting of personal and household goods to the general public, see group 772

  • Division 77
    Rental and leasing activities
    This division includes the renting and leasing of tangible and non-financial intangible assets, including a wide array of tangible goods, such as automobiles, computers, consumer goods and INDUSTRIAL machinery and equipment to customers in return for a periodic rental or lease payment. It is subdivided into: (1) the renting of motor vehicles, (2) the renting of recreational and sports equipment and personal and household equipment, (3) the leasing of other machinery and equipment of the kind often used for business operations, including other transport equipment and (4) the leasing of intellectual property products and similar products.

    Only the provision of operating leases is included in this division.

    This division excludes financial leasing activities (see class 6491), renting of real estate (see section L) and the renting of equipment with operator. The latter is classified according to the activities carried out with this equipment, e.g. construction (section F) or transportation (section H).

  • Division 81
    Services to buildings and landscape activities
    This division includes the provision of a number of general support services, such as the provision of a combination of support services within a client's facilities, the interior and exterior cleaning of buildings of all types, cleaning of INDUSTRIAL machinery, cleaning of trains, buses, planes, etc., cleaning of the inside of road and sea tankers, disinfecting and exterminating activities for buildings, ships, trains, etc., bottle cleaning, street sweeping, snow and ice removal, provision of landscape care and maintenance services and provision of these services along with the design of landscape plans and/or the construction (i.e. installation) of walkways, retaining walls, decks, fences, ponds, and similar structures.
  • Section B
    Mining and quarrying
    This section includes the extraction of minerals occurring naturally as solids (coal and ores), liquids (petroleum) or gases (natural gas). Extraction can be achieved by different methods such as underground or surface mining, well operation, seabed mining etc.
    This section also includes supplementary activities aimed at preparing the crude materials for marketing, for example, crushing, grinding, cleaning, drying, sorting, concentrating ores, liquefaction of natural gas and agglomeration of solid fuels. These operations are often carried out by the units that extracted the resource and/or others located nearby.
    Mining activities are classified into divisions, groups and classes on the basis of the principal mineral produced. Divisions 05, 06 are concerned with mining and quarrying of fossil fuels (coal, lignite, petroleum, gas); divisions 07, 08 concern metal ores, various minerals and quarry products.
    Some of the technical operations of this section, particularly related to the extraction of hydrocarbons, may also be carried out for third parties by specialized units as an INDUSTRIAL service, which is reflected in division 09.

    This section excludes the processing of the extracted materials (see section C - Manufacturing), which also covers the bottling of natural spring and mineral waters at springs and wells (see class 1104) or the crushing, grinding or otherwise treating certain earths, rocks and minerals not carried out in conjunction with mining and quarrying (see class 2399). This section also excludes the usage of the extracted materials without a further transformation for construction purposes (see section F - Construction), the collection, purification and distribution of water (see class 3600), separate site preparation activities for mining (see class 4312) and geophysical, geologic and seismic surveying activities (see class 7110).

  • Section C
    Manufacturing
    This section includes the physical or chemical transformation of materials, substances, or components into new products, although this cannot be used as the single universal criterion for defining manufacturing (see remark on processing of waste below). The materials, substances, or components transformed are raw materials that are products of agriculture, forestry, fishing, mining or quarrying as well as products of other manufacturing activities. Substantial alteration, renovation or reconstruction of goods is generally considered to be manufacturing.

    Units engaged in manufacturing are often described as plants, factories or mills and characteristically use power-driven machines and materials-handling equipment. However, units that transform materials or substances into new products by hand or in the worker's home and those engaged in selling to the general public of products made on the same premises from which they are sold, such as bakeries and custom tailors, are also included in this section. Manufacturing units may process materials or may contract with other units to process their materials for them. Both types of units are included in manufacturing.

    The output of a manufacturing process may be finished in the sense that it is ready for utilization or consumption, or it may be semi-finished in the sense that it is to become an input for further manufacturing. For example, the output of alumina refining is the input used in the primary production of aluminium; primary aluminium is the input to aluminium wire drawing; and aluminium wire is the input for the manufacture of fabricated wire products.

    Manufacture of specialized components and parts of, and accessories and attachments to, machinery and equipment is, as a general rule, classified in the same class as the manufacture of the machinery and equipment for which the parts and accessories are intended. Manufacture of unspecialized components and parts of machinery and equipment, e.g. engines, pistons, electric motors, electrical assemblies, valves, gears, roller bearings, is classified in the appropriate class of manufacturing, without regard to the machinery and equipment in which these items may be included. However, making specialized components and accessories by moulding or extruding plastics materials is included in class 2220.

    Assembly of the component parts of manufactured products is considered manufacturing. This includes the assembly of manufactured products from either self-produced or purchased components.

    The recovery of waste, i.e. the processing of waste into secondary raw materials is classified in class 3830 (Materials recovery). While this may involve physical or chemical transformations, this is not considered to be a part of manufacturing. The primary purpose of these activities is considered to be the treatment or processing of waste and they are therefore classified in Section E (Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities). However, the manufacture of new final products (as opposed to secondary raw materials) is classified in manufacturing, even if these processes use waste as an input. For example, the production of silver from film waste is considered to be a manufacturing process.

    Specialized maintenance and repair of INDUSTRIAL, commercial and similar machinery and equipment is, in general, classified in division 33 (Repair, maintenance and installation of machinery and equipment). However, the repair of computers and personal and household goods is classified in division 95 (Repair of computers and personal and household goods), while the repair of motor vehicles is classified in division 45 (Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles).

    The installation of machinery and equipment, when carried out as a specialized activity, is classified in 3320.

    Remark: The boundaries of manufacturing and the other sectors of the classification system can be somewhat blurry.

  • Section D
    Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply
    This section includes the activity of providing electric power, natural gas, steam, hot water and the like through a permanent infrastructure (network) of lines, mains and pipes. The dimension of the network is not decisive; also included are the distribution of electricity, gas, steam, hot water and the like in INDUSTRIAL parks or residential buildings.
    This section therefore includes the operation of electric and gas utilities, which generate, control and distribute electric power or gas. Also included is the provision of steam and air-conditioning supply.

    This section excludes the operation of water and sewerage utilities, see 36, 37. This section also excludes the (typically long-distance) transport of gas through pipelines.

  • Section E
    Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities
    This section includes activities related to the management (including collection, treatment and disposal) of various forms of waste, such as solid or non-solid INDUSTRIAL or household waste, as well as contaminated sites. The output of the waste or sewage treatment process can either be disposed of or become an input into other production processes. Activities of water supply are also grouped in this section, since they are often carried out in connection with, or by units also engaged in, the treatment of sewage.
  • Section F
    Construction
    This section includes general construction and specialized construction activities for buildings and civil engineering works. It includes new work, repair, additions and alterations, the erection of prefabricated buildings or structures on the site and also construction of a temporary nature.

    General construction is the construction of entire dwellings, office buildings, stores and other public and utility buildings, farm buildings etc., or the construction of civil engineering works such as motorways, streets, bridges, tunnels, railways, airfields, harbours and other water projects, irrigation systems, sewerage systems, INDUSTRIAL facilities, pipelines and electric lines, sports facilities etc.

    This work can be carried out on own account or on a fee or contract basis. Portions of the work and sometimes even the whole practical work can be subcontracted out. A unit that carries the overall responsibility for a construction project is classified here.

    Also included is the repair of buildings and engineering works.

    This section includes the complete construction of buildings (division 41), the complete construction of civil engineering works (division 42), as well as specialized construction activities, if carried out only as a part of the construction process (division 43).

    The renting of construction equipment with operator is classified with the specific construction activity carried out with this equipment.

    This section also includes the development of building projects for buildings or civil engineering works by bringing together financial, technical and physical means to realize the construction projects for later sale. If these activities are carried out not for later sale of the construction projects, but for their operation (e.g. renting of space in these buildings, manufacturing activities in these plants), the unit would not be classified here, but according to its operational activity, i.e. real estate, manufacturing etc.

  • Section G
    Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles
    This section includes wholesale and retail sale (i.e. sale without transformation) of any type of goods and the rendering of services incidental to the sale of these goods. Wholesaling and retailing are the final steps in the distribution of goods. Goods bought and sold are also referred to as merchandise.

    Also included in this section are the repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles.

    Sale without transformation is considered to include the usual operations (or manipulations) associated with trade, for example sorting, grading and assembling of goods, mixing (blending) of goods (for example sand), bottling (with or without preceding bottle cleaning), packing, breaking bulk and repacking for distribution in smaller lots, storage (whether or not frozen or chilled), cleaning and drying of agricultural products, cutting out of wood fibreboards or metal sheets as secondary activities.

    Division 45 includes all activities related to the sale and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles, while divisions 46 and 47 include all other sale activities. The distinction between division 46 (wholesale) and division 47 (retail sale) is based on the predominant type of customer.

    Wholesale is the resale (sale without transformation) of new and used goods to retailers, to INDUSTRIAL, commercial, institutional or professional users, or to other wholesalers, or involves acting as an agent or broker in buying goods for, or selling goods to, such persons or companies. The principal types of businesses included are merchant wholesalers, i.e. wholesalers who take title to the goods they sell, such as wholesale merchants or jobbers, INDUSTRIAL distributors, exporters, importers, and cooperative buying associations, sales branches and sales offices (but not retail stores) that are maintained by manufacturing or mining units apart from their plants or mines for the purpose of marketing their products and that do not merely take orders to be filled by direct shipments from the plants or mines. Also included are merchandise brokers, commission merchants and agents and assemblers, buyers and cooperative associations engaged in the marketing of farm products. Wholesalers frequently physically assemble, sort and grade goods in large lots, break bulk, repack and redistribute in smaller lots, for example pharmaceuticals; store, refrigerate, deliver and install goods, engage in sales promotion for their customers and label design.

    Retailing is the resale (sale without transformation) of new and used goods mainly to the general public for personal or household consumption or utilization, by shops, department stores, stalls, mail-order houses, door-to-door sales persons, hawkers and peddlers, consumer cooperatives, auction houses etc. Most retailers take title to the goods they sell, but some act as agents for a principal and sell either on consignment or on a commission basis.