SIC CODES

List of Economic Activities for machinery

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SIC Codes for machinery

There are 37 Economic Activities in all levels that containg the word "MACHINERY" in their name or detailed description. Have you that what you are searching for?

  • Class 0161
    Support activities for crop production
    This class includes:
    ~ agricultural activities on a fee or contract basis:
    ~ preparation of fields
    ~ establishing a crop
    ~ treatment of crops
    ~ crop spraying, including by air
    ~ trimming of fruit trees and vines
    ~ transplanting of rice, thinning of beets
    ~ harvesting
    ~ pest control (including rabbits) in connection with agriculture
    ~ operation of agricultural irrigation equipment

    This class also includes:
    ~ provision of agricultural MACHINERY with operators and crew
    ~ maintenance of land to keep it in good condition for agricultural use

  • Class 2211
    Manufacture of rubber tyres and tubes; retreading and rebuilding of rubber tyres
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of rubber tyres for vehicles, equipment, mobile MACHINERY, aircraft, toy, furniture and other uses:
    ~ pneumatic tyres
    ~ solid or cushion tyres
    ~ manufacture of inner tubes for tyres
    ~ manufacture of interchangeable tyre treads, tyre flaps, camelback strips for retreading tyres etc.
    ~ tyre rebuilding and retreading

  • Class 2817
    Manufacture of office MACHINERY and equipment (except computers and peripheral equipment)
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of calculating machines
    ~ manufacture of adding machines, cash registers
    ~ manufacture of calculators, electronic or not
    ~ manufacture of postage meters, mail handling machines (envelope stuffing, sealing and addressing machinery; opening, sorting, scanning), collating machinery
    ~ manufacture of typewriters
    ~ manufacture of stenography machines
    ~ manufacture of office-type binding equipment (i.e. plastic or tape binding)
    ~ manufacture of cheque writing machines
    ~ manufacture of coin counting and coin wrapping machinery
    ~ manufacture of pencil sharpeners
    ~ manufacture of staplers and staple removers
    ~ manufacture of voting machines
    ~ manufacture of tape dispensers
    ~ manufacture of hole punches
    ~ manufacture of cash registers, mechanically operated
    ~ manufacture of photocopy machines
    ~ manufacture of toner cartridges
    ~ manufacture of blackboards; white boards and marker boards
    ~ manufacture of dictating machines

  • Class 2819
    Manufacture of other general-purpose machinery
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of industrial refrigerating or freezing equipment, including assemblies of major components
    ~ manufacture of air-conditioning machines, including for motor vehicles
    ~ manufacture of non-domestic fans
    ~ manufacture of weighing MACHINERY (other than sensitive laboratory balances):
    ~ household and shop scales, platform scales, scales for continuous weighing, weighbridges, weights etc.
    ~ manufacture of filtering or purifying MACHINERY and apparatus for liquids
    ~ manufacture of equipment for projecting, dispersing or spraying liquids or powders:
    ~ spray guns, fire extinguishers, sandblasting machines, steam cleaning machines etc.
    ~ manufacture of packing and wrapping machinery:
    ~ filling, closing, sealing, capsuling or labeling machines etc.
    ~ manufacture of MACHINERY for cleaning or drying bottles and for aerating beverages
    ~ manufacture of distilling or rectifying plant for petroleum refineries, chemical industries, beverage industries etc.
    ~ manufacture of heat exchangers
    ~ manufacture of MACHINERY for liquefying air or gas
    ~ manufacture of gas generators
    ~ manufacture of calendering or other rolling machines and cylinders thereof (except for metal and glass)
    ~ manufacture of centrifuges (except cream separators and clothes dryers)
    ~ manufacture of gaskets and similar joints made of a combination of materials or layers of the same material
    ~ manufacture of automatic goods vending machines
    ~ manufacture of parts for general-purpose machinery
    ~ manufacture of attic ventilation fans (gable fans, roof ventilators, etc.)
    ~ manufacture of levels, tape measures and similar hand tools, machinists' precision tools (except optical)
    ~ manufacture of non-electrical welding and soldering equipment


  • Class 2823
    Manufacture of MACHINERY for metallurgy
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of machines and equipment for handling hot metals:
    ~ converters, ingot moulds, ladles, casting machines
    ~ manufacture of metal-rolling mills and rolls for such mills

  • Class 2821
    Manufacture of agricultural and forestry machinery
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of tractors used in agriculture and forestry
    ~ manufacture of walking (pedestrian-controlled) tractors
    ~ manufacture of mowers, including lawnmowers
    ~ manufacture of agricultural self-loading or self-unloading trailers or semi-trailers
    ~ manufacture of agricultural MACHINERY for soil preparation, planting or fertilizing:
    ~ ploughs, manure spreaders, seeders, harrows etc.
    ~ manufacture of harvesting or threshing machinery:
    ~ harvesters, threshers, sorters etc.
    ~ manufacture of milking machines
    ~ manufacture of spraying MACHINERY for agricultural use
    ~ manufacture of diverse agricultural machinery:
    ~ poultry-keeping MACHINERY, bee-keeping MACHINERY, equipment for preparing fodder etc.
    ~ machines for cleaning, sorting or grading eggs, fruit etc.

  • Class 2822
    Manufacture of metal-forming MACHINERY and machine tools
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of machine tools for working metals and other materials (wood, bone, stone, hard rubber, hard plastics, cold glass etc.), including those using a laser beam, ultrasonic waves, plasma arc, magnetic pulse etc.
    ~ manufacture of machine tools for turning, drilling, milling, shaping, planing, boring, grinding etc.
    ~ manufacture of stamping or pressing machine tools
    ~ manufacture of punch presses, hydraulic presses, hydraulic brakes, drop hammers, forging machines etc.
    ~ manufacture of draw-benches, thread rollers or machines for working wires
    ~ manufacture of stationary machines for nailing, stapling, glueing or otherwise assembling wood, cork, bone, hard rubber or plastics etc.
    ~ manufacture of stationary rotary or rotary percussion drills, filing machines, riveters, sheet metal cutters etc.
    ~ manufacture of presses for the manufacture of particle board and the like
    ~ manufacture of electroplating machinery

    This class also includes:
    ~ manufacture of parts and accessories for the machine tools listed above: work holders, dividing heads and other special attachments for machine tools

  • Class 4653
    Wholesale of agricultural MACHINERY, equipment and supplies
    This class includes:
    ~ wholesale of agricultural MACHINERY and equipment:
    ~ ploughs, manure spreaders, seeders
    ~ harvesters
    ~ threshers
    ~ milking machines
    ~ poultry-keeping machines, bee-keeping machines
    ~ tractors used in agriculture and forestry

    This class also includes:
    ~ lawn mowers however operated

  • Class 2824
    Manufacture of MACHINERY for mining, quarrying and construction
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of continuous-action elevators and conveyors for underground use
    ~ manufacture of boring, cutting, sinking and tunnelling MACHINERY (whether or not for underground use)
    ~ manufacture of MACHINERY for treating minerals by screening, sorting, separating, washing, crushing etc.
    ~ manufacture of concrete and mortar mixers
    ~ manufacture of earth-moving machinery:
    ~ bulldozers, angle-dozers, graders, scrapers, levellers, mechanical shovels, shovel loaders etc.
    ~ manufacture of pile drivers and pile extractors, mortar spreaders, bitumen spreaders, concrete surfacing MACHINERY etc.
    ~ manufacture of tracklaying tractors and tractors used in construction or mining
    ~ manufacture of bulldozer and angle-dozer blades
    ~ manufacture of off-road dumping trucks

  • Class 2825
    Manufacture of MACHINERY for food, beverage and tobacco processing
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of agricultural dryers
    ~ manufacture of MACHINERY for the dairy industry:
    ~ cream separators
    ~ milk processing MACHINERY (e.g. homogenizers)
    ~ milk converting MACHINERY (e.g. butter chums, butter workers and moulding machines)
    ~ cheese-making machines (e.g. homogenizers, moulders, presses) etc.
    ~ manufacture of MACHINERY for the grain milling industry:
    ~ MACHINERY to clean, sort or grade seeds, grain or dried leguminous vegetables (winnowers, sieving belts, separators, grain brushing machines etc.)
    ~ MACHINERY to produce flour and meal etc. (grinding mills, feeders, sifters, bran cleaners, blenders, rice hullers, pea splitters)
    ~ manufacture of presses, crushers etc. used to make wine, cider, fruit juices etc.
    ~ manufacture of MACHINERY for the bakery industry or for making macaroni, spaghetti or similar products:
    ~ bakery ovens, dough mixers, dough-dividers, moulders, slicers, cake depositing machines etc.
    ~ manufacture of machines and equipment to process diverse foods:
    ~ MACHINERY to make confectionery, cocoa or chocolate; to manufacture sugar; for breweries; to process meat or poultry; to prepare fruit, nuts or vegetables; to prepare fish, shellfish or other seafood
    ~ MACHINERY for filtering and purifying
    ~ other MACHINERY for the industrial preparation or manufacture of food or drink
    ~ manufacture of MACHINERY for the extraction or preparation of animal or vegetable fats or oils
    ~ manufacture of MACHINERY for the preparation of tobacco and for the making of cigarettes or cigars, or for pipe or chewing tobacco or snuff
    ~ manufacture of MACHINERY for the preparation of food in hotels and restaurants


  • Class 2826
    Manufacture of MACHINERY for textile, apparel and leather production
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of textile machinery:
    ~ machines for preparing, producing, extruding, drawing, texturing or cutting man-made textile fibres, materials or yarns
    ~ machines for preparing textile fibres: cotton gins, bale breakers, garnetters, cotton spreaders, wool scourers, wool carbonizers, combs, carders, roving frames etc.
    ~ spinning machines
    ~ machines for preparing textile yarns: reelers, warpers and related machines
    ~ weaving machines (looms), including hand looms
    ~ knitting machines
    ~ machines for making knotted net, tulle, lace, braid etc.
    ~ manufacture of auxiliary machines or equipment for textile machinery:
    ~ dobbies, jacquards, automatic stop motions, shuttle changing mechanisms, spindles and spindle flyers etc.
    ~ manufacture of textile printing machinery
    ~ manufacture of MACHINERY for fabric processing:
    ~ MACHINERY for washing, bleaching, dyeing, dressing, finishing, coating or impregnating textile fabrics
    ~ manufacture of machines for reeling, unreeling, folding, cutting or pinking textile fabrics
    ~ manufacture of laundry machinery:
    ~ ironing machines, including fusing presses
    ~ commercial washing and drying machines
    ~ dry-cleaning machines
    ~ manufacture of sewing machines, sewing machine heads and sewing machine needles (whether or not for household use)
    ~ manufacture of machines for producing or finishing felt or non-wovens
    ~ manufacture of leather machines:
    ~ MACHINERY for preparing, tanning or working hides, skins or leather
    ~ MACHINERY for making or repairing footwear or other articles of hides, skins, leather or fur skins

  • Class 3030
    Manufacture of air and spacecraft and related machinery
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of airplanes for the transport of goods or passengers, for use by the defence forces, for sport or other purposes
    ~ manufacture of helicopters
    ~ manufacture of gliders, hang-gliders
    ~ manufacture of dirigibles and hot air balloons
    ~ manufacture of parts and accessories of the aircraft of this class:
    ~ major assemblies such as fuselages, wings, doors, control surfaces, landing gear, fuel tanks, nacelles etc.
    ~ airscrews, helicopter rotors and propelled rotor blades
    ~ motors and engines of a kind typically found on aircraft
    ~ parts of turbojets and turboprops for aircraft
    ~ manufacture of ground flying trainers
    ~ manufacture of spacecraft and launch vehicles, satellites, planetary probes, orbital stations, shuttles
    ~ manufacture of intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBM)

    This class also includes:
    ~ overhaul and conversion of aircraft or aircraft engines
    ~ manufacture of aircraft seats

  • Class 2829
    Manufacture of other special-purpose machinery
    This class includes the manufacture of special-purpose MACHINERY not elsewhere classified.

    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of MACHINERY for making paper pulp
    ~ manufacture of paper and paperboard making machinery
    ~ manufacture of dryers for wood, paper pulp, paper or paperboard
    ~ manufacture of MACHINERY producing articles of paper or paperboard
    ~ manufacture of MACHINERY for working soft rubber or plastics or for the manufacture of products of these materials:
    ~ extruders, moulders, pneumatic tyre making or retreading machines and other machines for making a specific rubber or plastic product
    ~ manufacture of printing and bookbinding machines and machines for activities supporting printing on a variety of materials
    ~ manufacture of MACHINERY for producing tiles, bricks, shaped ceramic pastes, pipes, graphite electrodes, blackboard chalk, foundry moulds etc.
    ~ manufacture of semi-conductor manufacturing machinery
    ~ manufacture of industrial robots performing multiple tasks for special purposes
    ~ manufacture of diverse special-purpose MACHINERY and equipment:
    ~ machines to assemble electric or electronic lamps, tubes (valves) or bulbs
    ~ machines for production or hot-working of glass or glassware, glass fibre or yarn
    ~ MACHINERY or apparatus for isotopic separation
    ~ manufacture of tire alignment and balancing equipment; balancing equipment (except wheel balancing)
    ~ manufacture of central greasing systems
    ~ manufacture of aircraft launching gear, aircraft carrier catapults and related equipment
    ~ manufacture of automatic bowling alley equipment (e.g. pin-setters)
    ~ manufacture of roundabouts, swings, shooting galleries and other fairground amusements

  • Class 3320
    Installation of industrial MACHINERY and equipment
    This class includes the specialized installation of MACHINERY. However, the installation of equipment that forms an integral part of buildings or similar structures, such as installation of escalators, electrical wiring, burglar alarm systems or air-conditioning systems, is classified as construction.

    This class includes:
    ~ installation of industrial MACHINERY in industrial plant
    ~ installation of industrial process control equipment
    ~ installation of other industrial equipment, e.g.:
    ~ communications equipment
    ~ mainframe and similar computers
    ~ irradiation and electromedical equipment etc.
    ~ dismantling large-scale MACHINERY and equipment
    ~ activities of millwrights
    ~ machine rigging
    ~ installation of bowling alley equipment

  • Class 3312
    Repair of machinery
    This class includes the repair and maintenance of industrial MACHINERY and equipment like sharpening or installing commercial and industrial MACHINERY blades and saws; the provision of welding (e.g. automotive, general) repair services; the repair of agricultural and other heavy and industrial MACHINERY and equipment (e.g. forklifts and other materials handling equipment, machine tools, commercial refrigeration equipment, construction equipment and mining machinery), comprising MACHINERY and equipment of division 28.

    This class includes:
    ~ repair and maintenance of non-automotive engines, e.g. ship or rail engines
    ~ repair and maintenance of pumps and related equipment
    ~ repair and maintenance of fluid power equipment
    ~ repair of valves
    ~ repair of gearing and driving elements
    ~ repair and maintenance of industrial process furnaces
    ~ repair and maintenance of materials handling equipment
    ~ repair and maintenance of commercial refrigeration equipment and air purifying equipment
    ~ repair and maintenance of commercial-type general-purpose machinery
    ~ repair of other power-driven hand-tools
    ~ repair and maintenance of metal cutting and metal forming machine tools and accessories
    ~ repair and maintenance of other machine tools
    ~ repair and maintenance of agricultural tractors
    ~ repair and maintenance of agricultural MACHINERY and forestry and logging machinery
    ~ repair and maintenance of metallurgy machinery
    ~ repair and maintenance of mining, construction, and oil and gas field machinery
    ~ repair and maintenance of food, beverage, and tobacco processing machinery
    ~ repair and maintenance of textile apparel, and leather production machinery
    ~ repair and maintenance of papermaking machinery
    ~ repair and maintenance of other special-purpose MACHINERY of division 28
    ~ repair and maintenance of weighing equipment
    ~ repair and maintenance of vending machines
    ~ repair and maintenance of cash registers
    ~ repair and maintenance of photocopy machines
    ~ repair of calculators, electronic or not
    ~ repair of typewriters

  • Class 4329
    Other construction installation
    This class includes the installation of equipment other than electrical, plumbing, heating and air-conditioning systems or industrial MACHINERY in buildings and civil engineering structures, including maintenance and repair.

    This class includes:
    ~ installation in buildings or other construction projects of:
    ~ elevators, escalators
    ~ automated and revolving doors
    ~ lightning conductors
    ~ vacuum cleaning systems
    ~ thermal, sound or vibration insulation

  • Class 4610
    Wholesale on a fee or contract basis
    This class includes:
    ~ activities of commission agents and all other wholesalers who trade on behalf and on the account of others
    ~ activities of those involved in bringing sellers and buyers together or undertaking commercial transactions on behalf of a principal, including on the internet
    ~ such agents involved in the sale of:
    ~ agricultural raw materials, live animals, textile raw materials and semi-finished goods
    ~ fuels, ores, metals and industrial chemicals, including fertilizers
    ~ food, beverages and tobacco
    ~ textiles, clothing, fur, footwear and leather goods
    ~ timber and building materials
    ~ MACHINERY, including office MACHINERY and computers, industrial equipment, ships and aircraft
    ~ furniture, household goods and hardware

    This class also includes:
    ~ activities of wholesale auctioneering houses

  • Class 4659
    Wholesale of other MACHINERY and equipment
    This class includes:
    ~ wholesale of office MACHINERY and equipment, except computers and computer peripheral equipment
    ~ wholesale of office furniture
    ~ wholesale of transport equipment except motor vehicles, motorcycles and bicycles
    ~ wholesale of production-line robots
    ~ wholesale of wires and switches and other installation equipment for industrial use
    ~ wholesale of other electrical material such as electrical motors, transformers
    ~ wholesale of machine tools of any type and for any material
    ~ wholesale of other MACHINERY n.e.c. for use in industry, trade and navigation and other services

    This class also includes:
    ~ wholesale of computer-controlled machine tools
    ~ wholesale of computer-controlled MACHINERY for the textile industry and of computer-controlled sewing and knitting machines
    ~ wholesale of measuring instruments and equipment


  • Class 7110
    Architectural and engineering activities and related technical consultancy
    This class includes the provision of architectural services, engineering services, drafting services, building inspection services and surveying and mapping services and the like.

    This class includes:
    ~ architectural consulting activities:
    ~ building design and drafting
    ~ town and city planning and landscape architecture
    ~ engineering design (i.e. applying physical laws and principles of engineering in the design of machines, materials, instruments, structures, processes and systems) and consulting activities for:
    ~ MACHINERY, industrial processes and industrial plant
    ~ projects involving civil engineering, hydraulic engineering, traffic engineering
    ~ water management projects
    ~ projects elaboration and realization relative to electrical and electronic engineering, mining engineering, chemical engineering, mechanical, industrial and systems engineering, safety engineering
    ~ project management activities related to construction
    ~ elaboration of projects using air conditioning, refrigeration, sanitary and pollution control engineering, acoustical engineering etc.
    ~ geophysical, geologic and seismic surveying
    ~ geodetic surveying activities:
    ~ land and boundary surveying activities
    ~ hydrologic surveying activities
    ~ subsurface surveying activities
    ~ cartographic and spatial information activities

  • Class 7729
    Renting and leasing of other personal and household goods
    This class includes:
    ~ renting of all kinds of household or personal goods, to households or industries (except recreational and sports equipment):
    ~ textiles, wearing apparel and footwear
    ~ furniture, pottery and glass, kitchen and tableware, electrical appliances and house wares
    ~ jewellery, musical instruments, scenery and costumes
    ~ books, journals and magazines
    ~ MACHINERY and equipment used by amateurs or as a hobby e.g. tools for home repairs
    ~ flowers and plants
    ~ electronic equipment for household use

  • Class 7730
    Renting and leasing of other MACHINERY, equipment and tangible goods
    This class includes:
    ~ renting and operational leasing, without operator, of other MACHINERY and equipment that are generally used as capital goods by industries:
    ~ engines and turbines
    ~ machine tools
    ~ mining and oilfield equipment
    ~ professional radio, television and communication equipment
    ~ motion picture production equipment
    ~ measuring and controlling equipment
    ~ other scientific, commercial and industrial machinery
    ~ renting and operational leasing of land-transport equipment (other than motor vehicles) without drivers:
    ~ motorcycles, caravans and campers etc.
    ~ railroad vehicles
    ~ renting and operational leasing of water-transport equipment without operator:
    ~ commercial boats and ships
    ~ renting and operational leasing of air transport equipment without operator:
    ~ airplanes
    ~ hot-air balloons
    ~ renting and operational leasing of agricultural and forestry MACHINERY and equipment without operator:
    ~ renting of products produced by class 2821, such as agricultural tractors etc.
    ~ renting and operational leasing of construction and civil-engineering MACHINERY and equipment without operator:
    ~ crane lorries
    ~ scaffolds and work platforms, without erection and dismantling
    ~ renting and operational leasing of office MACHINERY and equipment without operator:
    ~ computers and computer peripheral equipment
    ~ duplicating machines, typewriters and word-processing machines
    ~ accounting MACHINERY and equipment: cash registers, electronic calculators etc.
    ~ office furniture

    This class also includes:
    ~ renting of accommodation or office containers
    ~ renting of containers
    ~ renting of pallets
    ~ renting of animals (e.g. herds, race horses)

  • Class 9511
    Repair of computers and peripheral equipment
    This class includes the repair of electronic equipment, such as computers and computing MACHINERY and peripheral equipment.

    This class includes:
    ~ repair and maintenance of:
    ~ desktop computers
    ~ laptop computers
    ~ magnetic disk drives, flash drives and other storage devices
    ~ optical disk drives (CD-RW, CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, DVD-RW)
    ~ printers
    ~ monitors
    ~ keyboards
    ~ mice, joysticks and trackball accessories
    ~ internal and external computer modems
    ~ dedicated computer terminals
    ~ computer servers
    ~ scanners, including bar code scanners
    ~ smart card readers
    ~ virtual reality helmets
    ~ computer projectors

    This class also includes:
    ~ repair and maintenance of:
    ~ computer terminals like automatic teller machines (ATM's); point-of-sale (POS) terminals, not mechanically operated
    ~ hand-held computers (PDA's)

  • Group 281
    Manufacture of general-purpose machinery
    This group includes the manufacture of general-purpose MACHINERY, i.e. MACHINERY that is being used in a wide range of ISIC industries. This can include the manufacture of components used in the manufacture of a variety of other MACHINERY or the manufacture of MACHINERY that support the operation of other businesses.
  • Group 303
    Manufacture of air and spacecraft and related machinery
    See class 3030.
  • Group 282
    Manufacture of special-purpose machinery
    This group includes the manufacture of special-purpose MACHINERY, i.e. MACHINERY for exclusive use in an ISIC industry or a small cluster of ISIC industries. While most of these are used in other manufacturing processes, such as food manufacturing or textile manufacturing, this group also includes the manufacture of MACHINERY specific for other (non-manufacturing industries), such as aircraft launching gear or amusement park equipment.
  • Group 332
    Installation of industrial MACHINERY and equipment
    See class 3320.
  • Group 465
    Wholesale of MACHINERY, equipment and supplies
    This group includes the wholesale of computers, telecommunications equipment, specialized MACHINERY for all kinds of industries and general-purpose MACHINERY.
  • Group 773
    Renting and leasing of other MACHINERY, equipment and tangible goods
    See class 7730.
  • Group 331
    Repair of fabricated metal products, MACHINERY and equipment
    This group includes the specialized repair of goods produced in the manufacturing sector with the aim to restore these metal products, MACHINERY, equipment and other products to working order. The provision of general or routine maintenance (i.e. servicing) on such products to ensure they work efficiently and to prevent breakdown and unnecessary repairs is included.
  • Group 812
    Cleaning activities
    This group includes the activities of general interior cleaning of all types of buildings, exterior cleaning of buildings, specialized cleaning activities for buildings or other specialized cleaning activities, cleaning of industrial MACHINERY, cleaning of the inside of road and sea tankers, disinfecting and extermination activities for buildings and industrial MACHINERY, bottle cleaning, street sweeping, snow and ice removal.
  • Division 25
    Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except MACHINERY and equipment
    This division includes the manufacture of pure metal products (such as parts, containers and structures), usually with a static, immovable function, as opposed to the following divisions 26-30, which cover the manufacture of combinations or assemblies of such metal products (sometimes with other materials) into more complex units that, unless they are purely electrical, electronic or optical, work with moving parts.
    The manufacture of weapons and ammunition is also included in this division.

    This division excludes specialized repair and maintenance activities (see group 331) and the specialized installation of manufactured goods produced in this division in buildings, such as central heating boilers (see 4322).

  • Division 28
    Manufacture of MACHINERY and equipment n.e.c.
    This division includes the manufacture of MACHINERY and equipment that act independently on materials either mechanically or thermally or perform operations on materials (such as handling, spraying, weighing or packing), including their mechanical components that produce and apply force, and any specially manufactured primary parts. This includes the manufacture of fixed and mobile or hand-held devices, regardless of whether they are designed for industrial, building and civil engineering, agricultural or home use. The manufacture of special equipment for passenger or freight transport within demarcated premises also belongs within this division.
    This division distinguishes between the manufacture of special-purpose MACHINERY, i.e. MACHINERY for exclusive use in an ISIC industry or a small cluster of ISIC industries, and general-purpose MACHINERY, i.e. MACHINERY that is being used in a wide range of ISIC industries.
    This division also includes the manufacture of other special-purpose MACHINERY, not covered elsewhere in the classification, whether or not used in a manufacturing process, such as fairground amusement equipment, automatic bowling alley equipment, etc.

    This division excludes the manufacture of metal products for general use (division 25), associated control devices, computer equipment, measurement and testing equipment, electricity distribution and control apparatus (divisions 26 and 27) and general-purpose motor vehicles (divisions 29 and 30).

  • Division 33
    Repair and installation of MACHINERY and equipment
    This division includes the specialized repair of goods produced in the manufacturing sector with the aim to restore MACHINERY, equipment and other products to working order. The provision of general or routine maintenance (i.e. servicing) on such products to ensure they work efficiently and to prevent breakdown and unnecessary repairs is included.

    This division does only include specialized repair and maintenance activities. A substantial amount of repair is also done by manufacturers of MACHINERY, equipment and other goods, in which case the classification of units engaged in these repair and manufacturing activities is done according to the value-added principle which would often assign these combined activities to the manufacture of the good. The same principle is applied for combined trade and repair.

    The rebuilding or remanufacturing of MACHINERY and equipment is considered a manufacturing activity and included in other divisions of this section.

    Repair and maintenance of goods that are utilized as capital goods as well as consumer goods is typically classified as repair and maintenance of household goods (e.g. office and household furniture repair, see 9524).

    Also included in this division is the specialized installation of MACHINERY. However, the installation of equipment that forms an integral part of buildings or similar structures, such as installation of electrical wiring, installation of escalators or installation of air-conditioning systems, is classified as construction.

    This division excludes the cleaning of industrial MACHINERY (see class 8129) and the repair and maintenance of computers, communications equipment and household goods (see division 95).

  • Division 47
    Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles
    This division includes the resale (sale without transformation) of new and used goods mainly to the general public for personal or household consumption or utilization, by shops, department stores, stalls, mail-order houses, hawkers and peddlers, consumer cooperatives etc.

    Retail trade is classified first by type of sale outlet (retail trade in stores: groups 471 to 477; retail trade not in stores: groups 478 and 479). Retail trade in stores includes the retail sale of used goods (class 4774). For retail sale in stores, there exists a further distinction between specialized retail sale (groups 472 to 477) and non-specialized retail sale (group 471). The above groups are further subdivided by the range of products sold. Sale not via stores is subdivided according to the forms of trade, such as retail sale via stalls and markets (group 478) and other non-store retail sale, e.g. mail order, door-to-door, by vending machines etc. (group 479).

    The goods sold in this division are limited to goods usually referred to as consumer goods or retail goods. Therefore goods not usually entering the retail trade, such as cereal grains, ores, industrial MACHINERY etc., are excluded. This division also includes units engaged primarily in selling to the general public, from displayed goods, products such as personal computers, stationery, paint or timber, although these sales may not be for personal or household use. Some processing of goods may be involved, but only incidental to selling, e.g. sorting or repackaging of goods, installation of a domestic appliance etc.

    This division also includes the retail sale by commission agents and activities of retail auctioning houses.

    This division excludes:
    ~ sale of farmers' products by farmers, see division 01
    ~ manufacture and sale of goods, which is generally classified as manufacturing in divisions 10-32
    ~ sale of motor vehicles, motorcycles and their parts, see division 45
    ~ trade in cereal grains, ores, crude petroleum, industrial chemicals, iron and steel and industrial MACHINERY and equipment, see division 46
    ~ sale of food and drinks for consumption on the premises and sale of takeaway food, see division 56
    ~ renting of personal and household goods to the general public, see group 772

  • Division 77
    Rental and leasing activities
    This division includes the renting and leasing of tangible and non-financial intangible assets, including a wide array of tangible goods, such as automobiles, computers, consumer goods and industrial MACHINERY and equipment to customers in return for a periodic rental or lease payment. It is subdivided into: (1) the renting of motor vehicles, (2) the renting of recreational and sports equipment and personal and household equipment, (3) the leasing of other MACHINERY and equipment of the kind often used for business operations, including other transport equipment and (4) the leasing of intellectual property products and similar products.

    Only the provision of operating leases is included in this division.

    This division excludes financial leasing activities (see class 6491), renting of real estate (see section L) and the renting of equipment with operator. The latter is classified according to the activities carried out with this equipment, e.g. construction (section F) or transportation (section H).

  • Division 81
    Services to buildings and landscape activities
    This division includes the provision of a number of general support services, such as the provision of a combination of support services within a client's facilities, the interior and exterior cleaning of buildings of all types, cleaning of industrial MACHINERY, cleaning of trains, buses, planes, etc., cleaning of the inside of road and sea tankers, disinfecting and exterminating activities for buildings, ships, trains, etc., bottle cleaning, street sweeping, snow and ice removal, provision of landscape care and maintenance services and provision of these services along with the design of landscape plans and/or the construction (i.e. installation) of walkways, retaining walls, decks, fences, ponds, and similar structures.
  • Section C
    Manufacturing
    This section includes the physical or chemical transformation of materials, substances, or components into new products, although this cannot be used as the single universal criterion for defining manufacturing (see remark on processing of waste below). The materials, substances, or components transformed are raw materials that are products of agriculture, forestry, fishing, mining or quarrying as well as products of other manufacturing activities. Substantial alteration, renovation or reconstruction of goods is generally considered to be manufacturing.

    Units engaged in manufacturing are often described as plants, factories or mills and characteristically use power-driven machines and materials-handling equipment. However, units that transform materials or substances into new products by hand or in the worker's home and those engaged in selling to the general public of products made on the same premises from which they are sold, such as bakeries and custom tailors, are also included in this section. Manufacturing units may process materials or may contract with other units to process their materials for them. Both types of units are included in manufacturing.

    The output of a manufacturing process may be finished in the sense that it is ready for utilization or consumption, or it may be semi-finished in the sense that it is to become an input for further manufacturing. For example, the output of alumina refining is the input used in the primary production of aluminium; primary aluminium is the input to aluminium wire drawing; and aluminium wire is the input for the manufacture of fabricated wire products.

    Manufacture of specialized components and parts of, and accessories and attachments to, MACHINERY and equipment is, as a general rule, classified in the same class as the manufacture of the MACHINERY and equipment for which the parts and accessories are intended. Manufacture of unspecialized components and parts of MACHINERY and equipment, e.g. engines, pistons, electric motors, electrical assemblies, valves, gears, roller bearings, is classified in the appropriate class of manufacturing, without regard to the MACHINERY and equipment in which these items may be included. However, making specialized components and accessories by moulding or extruding plastics materials is included in class 2220.

    Assembly of the component parts of manufactured products is considered manufacturing. This includes the assembly of manufactured products from either self-produced or purchased components.

    The recovery of waste, i.e. the processing of waste into secondary raw materials is classified in class 3830 (Materials recovery). While this may involve physical or chemical transformations, this is not considered to be a part of manufacturing. The primary purpose of these activities is considered to be the treatment or processing of waste and they are therefore classified in Section E (Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities). However, the manufacture of new final products (as opposed to secondary raw materials) is classified in manufacturing, even if these processes use waste as an input. For example, the production of silver from film waste is considered to be a manufacturing process.

    Specialized maintenance and repair of industrial, commercial and similar MACHINERY and equipment is, in general, classified in division 33 (Repair, maintenance and installation of MACHINERY and equipment). However, the repair of computers and personal and household goods is classified in division 95 (Repair of computers and personal and household goods), while the repair of motor vehicles is classified in division 45 (Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles).

    The installation of MACHINERY and equipment, when carried out as a specialized activity, is classified in 3320.

    Remark: The boundaries of manufacturing and the other sectors of the classification system can be somewhat blurry.