SIC CODES

SIC Codes containing "palabra"

Enter here and view the list of Economic Activities that contain the word: production

SIC items for production

There are 83 Economic Activities in all levels that containg the word "PRODUCTION" in their name or detailed description. Have you that what you are searching for?

  • Class 0119
    Growing of other non-perennial crops
    This class includes the growing of non-perennial crops not elsewhere classified.

    This class includes:
    ~ growing of swedes, mangolds, fodder roots, clover, alfalfa, sainfoin, maize and other grasses, forage kale and similar forage products
    ~ growing of beet seeds (excluding sugar beet seeds) and seeds of forage plants
    ~ growing of flowers, including PRODUCTION of cut flowers and flower buds
    ~ growing of flower seeds

  • Class 0130
    Plant propagation
    This class includes the PRODUCTION of all vegetative planting materials including cuttings, suckers and seedlings for direct plant propagation or to create plant grafting stock into which selected scion is grafted for eventual planting to produce crops.

    This class includes:
    ~ growing of plants for planting
    ~ growing of plants for ornamental purposes, including turf for transplanting
    ~ growing of live plants for bulbs, tubers and roots; cuttings and slips; mushroom spawn
    ~ operation of tree nurseries, except forest tree nurseries

  • Class 0141
    Raising of cattle and buffaloes
    This class includes:
    ~ raising and breeding of cattle and buffaloes
    ~ PRODUCTION of raw cow milk from cows or buffaloes
    ~ PRODUCTION of bovine semen

  • Class 0144
    Raising of sheep and goats
    This class includes:
    ~ raising and breeding of sheep and goats
    ~ PRODUCTION of raw sheep or goat milk
    ~ PRODUCTION of raw wool


  • Class 0146
    Raising of poultry
    This class includes:
    ~ raising and breeding of poultry:
    ~ fowls of the species Gallus domesticus (chickens and capons), ducks, geese, turkeys and guinea fowls
    ~ PRODUCTION of eggs
    ~ operation of poultry hatcheries

  • Class 0149
    Raising of other animals
    This class includes:
    ~ raising and breeding of semi-domesticated or other live animals:
    ~ ostriches and emus
    ~ other birds (except poultry)
    ~ insects
    ~ rabbits and other fur animals
    ~ PRODUCTION of fur skins, reptile or bird skins from ranching operation
    ~ operation of worm farms, land mollusc farms, snail farms etc.
    ~ raising of silk worms, PRODUCTION of silk worm cocoons
    ~ bee-keeping and PRODUCTION of honey and beeswax
    ~ raising and breeding of pet animals (except fish):
    ~ cats and dogs
    ~ birds, such as parakeets etc.
    ~ hamsters etc.
    ~ raising of diverse animals

  • Class 0150
    Mixed farming
    This class includes the combined PRODUCTION of crops and animals without a specialized PRODUCTION of crops or animals. The size of the overall farming operation is not a determining factor. If either PRODUCTION of crops or animals in a given unit exceeds 66 per cent or more of standard gross margins, the combined activity should not be included here, but allocated to crop or animal farming.
  • Class 0161
    Support activities for crop production
    This class includes:
    ~ agricultural activities on a fee or contract basis:
    ~ preparation of fields
    ~ establishing a crop
    ~ treatment of crops
    ~ crop spraying, including by air
    ~ trimming of fruit trees and vines
    ~ transplanting of rice, thinning of beets
    ~ harvesting
    ~ pest control (including rabbits) in connection with agriculture
    ~ operation of agricultural irrigation equipment

    This class also includes:
    ~ provision of agricultural machinery with operators and crew
    ~ maintenance of land to keep it in good condition for agricultural use

  • Class 0721
    Mining of uranium and thorium ores
    This class includes:
    ~ mining of ores chiefly valued for uranium and thorium content: pitchblende etc.
    ~ concentration of such ores
    ~ PRODUCTION of yellowcake

  • Class 0893
    Extraction of salt
    This class includes:
    ~ extraction of salt from underground including by dissolving and pumping
    ~ salt PRODUCTION by evaporation of sea water or other saline waters
    ~ crushing, purification and refining of salt by the producer


  • Class 0162
    Support activities for animal production
    This class includes:
    ~ agricultural activities on a fee or contract basis:
    ~ activities to promote propagation, growth and output of animals
    ~ herd testing services, droving services, agistment services, poultry caponizing, coop cleaning etc.
    ~ activities related to artificial insemination
    ~ stud services
    ~ sheep shearing
    ~ farm animal boarding and care

    This class also includes:
    ~ activities of farriers

  • Class 0170
    Hunting, trapping and related service activities
    This class includes:
    ~ hunting and trapping on a commercial basis
    ~ taking of animals (dead or alive) for food, fur, skin, or for use in research, in zoos or as pets
    ~ PRODUCTION of fur skins, reptile or bird skins from hunting or trapping activities

    This class also includes:
    ~ land-based catching of sea mammals such as walrus and seal

  • Class 0220
    Logging
    This class includes:
    ~ PRODUCTION of roundwood for forest-based manufacturing industries
    ~ PRODUCTION of roundwood used in an unprocessed form such as pit-props, fence posts and utility poles
    ~ gathering and PRODUCTION of fire wood
    ~ PRODUCTION of charcoal in the forest (using traditional methods)

    The output of this activity can take the form of logs, chips or fire wood.

  • Class 1072
    Manufacture of sugar
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture or refining of sugar (sucrose) and sugar substitutes from the juice of cane, beet, maple and palm
    ~ manufacture of sugar syrups
    ~ manufacture of molasses
    ~ PRODUCTION of maple syrup and sugar

  • Class 1101
    Distilling, rectifying and blending of spirits
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of distilled, potable, alcoholic beverages: whisky, brandy, gin, liqueurs, mixed drinks, etc.
    ~ blending of distilled spirits
    ~ PRODUCTION of neutral spirits

  • Class 0321
    Marine aquaculture
    This class includes:
    ~ fish farming in sea water including farming of marine ornamental fish
    ~ PRODUCTION of bivalve spat (oyster mussel etc.), lobsterlings, shrimp post-larvae, fish fry and fingerlings
    ~ growing of laver and other edible seaweeds
    ~ culture of crustaceans, bivalves, other molluscs and other aquatic animals in sea water

    This class also includes:
    ~ aquaculture activities in brackish waters
    ~ aquaculture activities in salt water filled tanks or reservoirs
    ~ operation of fish hatcheries (marine)
    ~ operation of marine worm farms

  • Class 0610
    Extraction of crude petroleum
    This class includes:
    ~ extraction of crude petroleum oils

    This class also includes:
    ~ extraction of bituminous or oil shale and tar sand
    ~ PRODUCTION of crude petroleum from bituminous shale and sand
    ~ processes to obtain crude oils: decantation, desalting, dehydration, stabilization etc.

  • Class 1910
    Manufacture of coke oven products
    This class includes:
    ~ operation of coke ovens
    ~ PRODUCTION of coke and semi-coke
    ~ PRODUCTION of pitch and pitch coke
    ~ PRODUCTION of coke oven gas
    ~ PRODUCTION of crude coal and lignite tars
    ~ agglomeration of coke


  • Class 2591
    Forging, pressing, stamping and roll-forming of metal; powder metallurgy
    This class includes:
    ~ forging, pressing, stamping and roll-forming of metal
    ~ powder metallurgy: PRODUCTION of metal objects directly from metal powders by heat treatment (sintering) or under pressure

  • Class 0620
    Extraction of natural gas
    This class includes:
    ~ PRODUCTION of crude gaseous hydrocarbon (natural gas)
    ~ extraction of condensates
    ~ draining and separation of liquid hydrocarbon fractions
    ~ gas desulphurization

    This class also includes:
    ~ mining of hydrocarbon liquids, obtained through liquefaction or pyrolysis

  • Class 1010
    Processing and preserving of meat
    This class includes:
    ~ operation of slaughterhouses engaged in killing, dressing or packing meat: beef, pork, poultry, lamb, rabbit, mutton, camel, etc.
    ~ PRODUCTION of fresh, chilled or frozen meat, in carcasses
    ~ PRODUCTION of fresh, chilled or frozen meat, in cuts
    ~ PRODUCTION of fresh, chilled or frozen meat, in individual portions
    ~ PRODUCTION of dried, salted or smoked meat
    ~ PRODUCTION of meat products:
    ~ sausages, salami, puddings, andouillettes, saveloys, bolognas, pâtés, rillettes, boiled ham

    This class also includes:
    ~ slaughtering and processing of whales on land or on specialized vessels
    ~ PRODUCTION of hides and skins originating from slaughterhouses, including fellmongery
    ~ rendering of lard and other edible fats of animal origin
    ~ processing of animal offal
    ~ PRODUCTION of pulled wool
    ~ PRODUCTION of feathers and down

  • Class 3530
    Steam and air conditioning supply
    This class includes:
    ~ PRODUCTION, collection and distribution of steam and hot water for heating, power and other purposes
    ~ PRODUCTION and distribution of cooled air
    ~ PRODUCTION and distribution of chilled water for cooling purposes
    ~ PRODUCTION of ice, including ice for food and non-food (e.g. cooling) purposes

  • Class 1020
    Processing and preserving of fish, crustaceans and molluscs
    This class includes:
    ~ preparation and preservation of fish, crustaceans and molluscs: freezing, deep-freezing, drying, smoking, salting, immersing in brine, canning etc.
    ~ PRODUCTION of fish, crustacean and mollusc products: cooked fish, fish fillets, roes, caviar, caviar substitutes etc.
    ~ PRODUCTION of fishmeal for human consumption or animal feed
    ~ PRODUCTION of meals and solubles from fish and other aquatic animals unfit for human consumption

    This class also includes:
    ~ activities of vessels engaged only in the processing and preserving of fish
    ~ processing of seaweed

  • Class 1030
    Processing and preserving of fruit and vegetables
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of food consisting chiefly of fruit or vegetables, except ready-made dishes in frozen or canned form
    ~ preserving of fruit, nuts or vegetables: freezing, drying, immersing in oil or in vinegar, canning etc.
    ~ manufacture of fruit or vegetable food products
    ~ manufacture of fruit or vegetable juices
    ~ manufacture of jams, marmalades and table jellies
    ~ processing and preserving of potatoes:
    ~ manufacture of prepared frozen potatoes
    ~ manufacture of dehydrated mashed potatoes
    ~ manufacture of potato snacks
    ~ manufacture of potato crisps
    ~ manufacture of potato flour and meal
    ~ roasting of nuts
    ~ manufacture of nut foods and pastes

    This class also includes:
    ~ industrial peeling of potatoes
    ~ PRODUCTION of concentrates from fresh fruits and vegetables
    ~ manufacture of perishable prepared foods of fruit and vegetables, such as:
    ~ salads
    ~ peeled or cut vegetables
    ~ tofu (bean curd)

  • Class 1040
    Manufacture of vegetable and animal oils and fats
    This class includes the manufacture of crude and refined oils and fats from vegetable or animal materials, except rendering or refining of lard and other edible animal fats.

    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of crude vegetable oils: olive oil, soya-bean oil, palm oil, sunflower-seed oil, cotton-seed oil, rape, colza or mustard oil, linseed oil etc.
    ~ manufacture of non-defatted flour or meal of oilseeds, oil nuts or oil kernels
    ~ manufacture of refined vegetable oils: olive oil, soya-bean oil etc.
    ~ processing of vegetable oils: blowing, boiling, dehydration, hydrogenation etc.
    ~ manufacture of margarine
    ~ manufacture of melanges and similar spreads
    ~ manufacture of compound cooking fats

    This class also includes:
    ~ manufacture of non-edible animal oils and fats
    ~ extraction of fish and marine mammal oils
    ~ PRODUCTION of cotton linters, oilcakes and other residual products of oil production

  • Class 1061
    Manufacture of grain mill products
    This class includes:
    ~ grain milling: PRODUCTION of flour, groats, meal or pellets of wheat, rye, oats, maize (corn) or other cereal grains
    ~ rice milling: PRODUCTION of husked, milled, polished, glazed, parboiled or converted rice; PRODUCTION of rice flour
    ~ vegetable milling: PRODUCTION of flour or meal of dried leguminous vegetables, of roots or tubers, or of edible nuts
    ~ manufacture of cereal breakfast foods
    ~ manufacture of flour mixes and prepared blended flour and dough for bread, cakes, biscuits or pancakes

  • Class 1079
    Manufacture of other food products n.e.c.
    This class includes:
    ~ decaffeinating and roasting of coffee
    ~ PRODUCTION of coffee products:
    ~ ground coffee
    ~ soluble coffee
    ~ extracts and concentrates of coffee
    ~ manufacture of coffee substitutes
    ~ blending of tea and maté
    ~ manufacture of extracts and preparations based on tea or maté
    ~ manufacture of soups and broths
    ~ manufacture of special foods, such as:
    ~ infant formula
    ~ follow up milks and other follow up foods
    ~ baby foods
    ~ foods containing homogenized ingredients
    ~ manufacture of spices, sauces and condiments:
    ~ mayonnaise
    ~ mustard flour and meal
    ~ prepared mustard etc.
    ~ manufacture of vinegar
    ~ manufacture of artificial honey and caramel
    ~ manufacture of perishable prepared foods, such as:
    ~ sandwiches
    ~ fresh (uncooked) pizza

    This class also includes:
    ~ manufacture of herb infusions (mint, vervain, chamomile etc.)
    ~ manufacture of yeast
    ~ manufacture of extracts and juices of meat, fish, crustaceans or molluscs
    ~ manufacture of non-dairy milk and cheese substitutes
    ~ manufacture of egg products, egg albumin
    ~ processing of salt into food-grade salt, e.g. iodized salt
    ~ manufacture of artificial concentrates

  • Class 1104
    Manufacture of soft drinks; PRODUCTION of mineral waters and other bottled waters
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of non-alcoholic beverages, except non-alcoholic beer and wine
    ~ PRODUCTION of natural mineral waters and other bottled waters
    ~ manufacture of soft drinks:
    ~ non-alcoholic flavoured and/or sweetened waters: lemonade, orangeade, cola, fruit drinks, tonic waters etc.

  • Class 1812
    Service activities related to printing
    This class includes:
    ~ binding of printed sheets, e.g. into books, brochures, magazines, catalogues etc., by folding, assembling, stitching, glueing, collating, basting, adhesive binding, trimming, gold stamping
    ~ composition, typesetting, phototypesetting, pre-press data input including scanning and optical character recognition, electronic make-up
    ~ plate-making services including imagesetting and plate-setting (for the printing processes letterpress and offset)
    ~ engraving or etching of cylinders for gravure
    ~ plate processes direct to plate (also photopolymer plates)
    ~ preparation of plates and dies for relief stamping or printing
    ~ PRODUCTION of proofs
    ~ artistic work including preparation of litho stones and prepared woodblocks
    ~ PRODUCTION of reprographic products
    ~ design of printing products e.g. sketches, layouts, dummies etc.
    ~ other graphic activities such as die-sinking or die-stamping, Braille copying, punching and drilling, embossing, varnishing and laminating, collating and insetting, creasing

  • Class 1920
    Manufacture of refined petroleum products
    This class includes the manufacture of liquid or gaseous fuels or other products from crude petroleum, bituminous minerals or their fractionation products. Petroleum refining involves one or more of the following activities: fractionation, straight distillation of crude oil, and cracking.

    This class includes:
    ~ PRODUCTION of motor fuel: gasoline, kerosene etc.
    ~ PRODUCTION of fuel: light, medium and heavy fuel oil, refinery gases such as ethane, propane, butane etc.
    ~ manufacture of oil-based lubricating oils or greases, including from waste oil
    ~ manufacture of products for the petrochemical industry and for the manufacture of road coverings
    ~ manufacture of various products: white spirit, Vaseline, paraffin wax, petroleum jelly etc.
    ~ manufacture of hard-coal and lignite fuel briquettes
    ~ manufacture of petroleum briquettes
    ~ blending of biofuels, i.e. blending of alcohols with petroleum (e.g. gasohol)

  • Class 2011
    Manufacture of basic chemicals
    This class includes the manufacture of chemicals using basic processes, such as thermal cracking and distillation. The output of these processes are usually separate chemical elements or separate chemically defined compounds.

    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of liquefied or compressed inorganic industrial or medical gases:
    ~ elemental gases
    ~ liquid or compressed air
    ~ refrigerant gases
    ~ mixed industrial gases
    ~ inert gases such as carbon dioxide
    ~ isolating gases
    ~ manufacture of dyes and pigments from any source in basic form or as concentrate
    ~ manufacture of chemical elements
    ~ manufacture of inorganic acids except nitric acid
    ~ manufacture of alkalis, lyes and other inorganic bases except ammonia
    ~ manufacture of other inorganic compounds
    ~ manufacture of basic organic chemicals:
    ~ acyclic hydrocarbons, saturated and unsaturated
    ~ cyclic hydrocarbons, saturated and unsaturated
    ~ acyclic and cyclic alcohols
    ~ mono- and polycarboxylic acids, including acetic acid
    ~ other oxygen-function compounds, including aldehydes, ketones, quinones and dual or poly oxygen-function compounds
    ~ synthetic glycerol
    ~ nitrogen-function organic compounds, including amines
    ~ fermentation of sugarcane, corn or similar to produce alcohol and esters
    ~ other organic compounds, including wood distillation products (e.g. charcoal) etc.
    ~ manufacture of distilled water
    ~ manufacture of synthetic aromatic products
    ~ roasting of iron pyrites

    This class also includes:
    ~ manufacture of products of a kind used as fluorescent brightening agents or as luminophores
    ~ enrichment of uranium and thorium ores and PRODUCTION of fuel elements for nuclear reactors

  • Class 2220
    Manufacture of plastics products
    This class includes the processing of new or spent (i.e. recycled) plastics resins into intermediate or final products, using such processes as compression molding, extrusion molding, injection molding, blow molding and casting. For most of these, the PRODUCTION process is such that a wide variety of products can be made.

    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of semi-manufactures of plastic products:
    ~ plastic plates, sheets, blocks, film, foil, strip etc. (whether self-adhesive or not)
    ~ manufacture of finished plastic products:
    ~ plastic tubes, pipes and hoses; hose and pipe fittings
    ~ manufacture of plastic articles for the packing of goods:
    ~ plastic bags, sacks, containers, boxes, cases, carboys, bottles etc.
    ~ manufacture of builders' plastics ware:
    ~ plastic doors, windows, frames, shutters, blinds, skirting boards
    ~ tanks, reservoirs
    ~ plastic floor, wall or ceiling coverings in rolls or in the form of tiles etc.
    ~ plastic sanitary ware, such as:
    ~~ plastic baths, shower baths, washbasins, lavatory pans, flushing cisterns etc.
    ~ manufacture of plastic tableware, kitchenware and toilet articles
    ~ cellophane film or sheet
    ~ manufacture of resilient floor coverings, such as vinyl, linoleum etc.
    ~ manufacture of artificial stone (e.g. cultured marble)
    ~ manufacture of plastic signs (non-electrical)
    ~ manufacture of diverse plastic products:
    ~ plastic headgear, insulating fittings, parts of lighting fittings, office or school supplies, articles of apparel (if only sealed together, not sewn), fittings for furniture, statuettes, transmission and conveyer belts, self-adhesive tapes of plastic, plastic wall paper, plastic shoe lasts, plastic cigar and cigarette holders, combs, plastics hair curlers, plastics novelties, etc.

  • Class 2410
    Manufacture of basic iron and steel
    This class includes operations of conversion by reduction of iron ore in blast furnaces and oxygen converters or of ferrous waste and scrap in electric arc furnaces or by direct reduction of iron ore without fusion to obtain crude steel which is smelted and refined in a ladle furnace and then poured and solidified in a continuous caster in order to produce semi-finished flat or long products, which are used, after reheating, in rolling, drawing and extruding operations to manufacture finished products such as plate, sheet, strip, bars, rods, wire, tubes, pipes and hollow profiles.

    This class includes:
    ~ operation of blast furnaces, steel converters, rolling and finishing mills
    ~ PRODUCTION of pig iron and spiegeleisen in pigs, blocks or other primary forms
    ~ PRODUCTION of ferro-alloys
    ~ PRODUCTION of ferrous products by direct reduction of iron and other spongy ferrous products
    ~ PRODUCTION of iron of exceptional purity by electrolysis or other chemical processes
    ~ PRODUCTION of granular iron and iron powder
    ~ PRODUCTION of steel in ingots or other primary forms
    ~ remelting of scrap ingots of iron or steel
    ~ PRODUCTION of semi-finished products of steel
    ~ manufacture of hot-rolled and cold-rolled flat-rolled products of steel
    ~ manufacture of hot-rolled bars and rods of steel
    ~ manufacture of hot-rolled open sections of steel
    ~ manufacture of steel bars and solid sections of steel by cold drawing, grinding or turning
    ~ manufacture of open sections by progressive cold forming on a roll mill or folding on a press of flat-rolled products of steel
    ~ manufacture of wire of steel by cold drawing or stretching
    ~ manufacture of sheet piling of steel and welded open sections of steel
    ~ manufacture of railway track materials (unassembled rails) of steel
    ~ manufacture of seamless tubes, pipes and hollow profiles of steel, by hot rolling, hot extrusion or hot drawing, or by cold drawing or cold rolling
    ~ manufacture of welded tubes and pipes of steel, by cold or hot forming and welding, delivered as welded or further processed by cold drawing or cold rolling or manufactured by hot forming, welding and reducing
    ~ manufacture of tube fittings of steel, such as:
    ~ flat flanges and flanges with forged collars
    ~ butt-welded fittings
    ~ threaded fittings
    ~ socket-welded fittings

  • Class 2420
    Manufacture of basic precious and other non-ferrous metals
    This class includes:
    ~ PRODUCTION of basic precious metals:
    ~ PRODUCTION and refining of unwrought or wrought precious metals: gold, silver, platinum etc. from ore and scrap
    ~ PRODUCTION of precious metal alloys
    ~ PRODUCTION of precious metal semi-products
    ~ PRODUCTION of silver rolled onto base metals
    ~ PRODUCTION of gold rolled onto base metals or silver
    ~ PRODUCTION of platinum and platinum group metals rolled onto gold, silver or base metals
    ~ PRODUCTION of aluminium from alumina
    ~ PRODUCTION of aluminium from electrolytic refining of aluminium waste and scrap
    ~ PRODUCTION of aluminium alloys
    ~ semi-manufacturing of aluminium
    ~ PRODUCTION of lead, zinc and tin from ores
    ~ PRODUCTION of lead, zinc and tin from electrolytic refining of lead, zinc and tin waste and scrap
    ~ PRODUCTION of lead, zinc and tin alloys
    ~ semi-manufacturing of lead, zinc and tin
    ~ PRODUCTION of copper from ores
    ~ PRODUCTION of copper from electrolytic refining of copper waste and scrap
    ~ PRODUCTION of copper alloys
    ~ manufacture of fuse wire or strip
    ~ semi-manufacturing of copper
    ~ PRODUCTION of chrome, manganese, nickel etc. from ores or oxides
    ~ PRODUCTION of chrome, manganese, nickel etc. from electrolytic and aluminothermic refining of chrome, manganese, nickel etc., waste and scrap
    ~ PRODUCTION of alloys of chrome, manganese, nickel etc.
    ~ semi-manufacturing of chrome, manganese, nickel etc.
    ~ PRODUCTION of mattes of nickel
    ~ PRODUCTION of uranium metal from pitchblende or other ores
    ~ smelting and refining of uranium

    This class also includes:
    ~ manufacture of wire of these metals by drawing
    ~ PRODUCTION of aluminium oxide (alumina)
    ~ PRODUCTION of aluminium wrapping foil
    ~ manufacture of aluminium (tin) foil laminates made from aluminum (tin) foil as primary component
    ~ manufacture of precious metal foil laminates

  • Class 3211
    Manufacture of jewellery and related articles
    This class includes:
    ~ PRODUCTION of worked pearls
    ~ PRODUCTION of precious and semi-precious stones in the worked state, including the working of industrial quality stones and synthetic or reconstructed precious or semi-precious stones
    ~ working of diamonds
    ~ manufacture of jewellery of precious metal or of base metals clad with precious metals, or precious or semi-precious stones, or of combinations of precious metal and precious or semi-precious stones or of other materials
    ~ manufacture of goldsmiths' articles of precious metals or of base metals clad with precious metals:
    ~ dinnerware, flatware, hollowware, toilet articles, office or desk articles, articles for religious use etc.
    ~ manufacture of technical or laboratory articles of precious metal (except instruments and parts thereof): crucibles, spatulas, electroplating anodes etc.
    ~ manufacture of precious metal watch bands, wristbands, watch straps and cigarette cases
    ~ manufacture of coins, including coins for use as legal tender, whether or not of precious metal

    This class also includes:
    ~ engraving of personal precious and non-precious metal products

  • Class 2826
    Manufacture of machinery for textile, apparel and leather production
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of textile machinery:
    ~ machines for preparing, producing, extruding, drawing, texturing or cutting man-made textile fibres, materials or yarns
    ~ machines for preparing textile fibres: cotton gins, bale breakers, garnetters, cotton spreaders, wool scourers, wool carbonizers, combs, carders, roving frames etc.
    ~ spinning machines
    ~ machines for preparing textile yarns: reelers, warpers and related machines
    ~ weaving machines (looms), including hand looms
    ~ knitting machines
    ~ machines for making knotted net, tulle, lace, braid etc.
    ~ manufacture of auxiliary machines or equipment for textile machinery:
    ~ dobbies, jacquards, automatic stop motions, shuttle changing mechanisms, spindles and spindle flyers etc.
    ~ manufacture of textile printing machinery
    ~ manufacture of machinery for fabric processing:
    ~ machinery for washing, bleaching, dyeing, dressing, finishing, coating or impregnating textile fabrics
    ~ manufacture of machines for reeling, unreeling, folding, cutting or pinking textile fabrics
    ~ manufacture of laundry machinery:
    ~ ironing machines, including fusing presses
    ~ commercial washing and drying machines
    ~ dry-cleaning machines
    ~ manufacture of sewing machines, sewing machine heads and sewing machine needles (whether or not for household use)
    ~ manufacture of machines for producing or finishing felt or non-wovens
    ~ manufacture of leather machines:
    ~ machinery for preparing, tanning or working hides, skins or leather
    ~ machinery for making or repairing footwear or other articles of hides, skins, leather or fur skins

  • Class 3520
    Manufacture of gas; distribution of gaseous fuels through mains
    This class includes the manufacture of gas and the distribution of natural or synthetic gas to the consumer through a system of mains. Gas marketers or brokers, which arrange the sale of natural gas over distribution systems operated by others, are included.
    The separate operation of gas pipelines, typically done over long distances, connecting producers with distributors of gas, or between urban centers, is excluded from this class and classified with other pipeline transport activities.

    This class includes:
    ~ PRODUCTION of gas for the purpose of gas supply by carbonation of coal, from by-products of agriculture or from waste
    ~ manufacture of gaseous fuels with a specified calorific value, by purification, blending and other processes from gases of various types including natural gas
    ~ transportation, distribution and supply of gaseous fuels of all kinds through a system of mains
    ~ sale of gas to the user through mains
    ~ activities of gas brokers or agents that arrange the sale of gas over gas distribution systems operated by others
    ~ commodity and transport capacity exchanges for gaseous fuels

  • Class 2829
    Manufacture of other special-purpose machinery
    This class includes the manufacture of special-purpose machinery not elsewhere classified.

    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of machinery for making paper pulp
    ~ manufacture of paper and paperboard making machinery
    ~ manufacture of dryers for wood, paper pulp, paper or paperboard
    ~ manufacture of machinery producing articles of paper or paperboard
    ~ manufacture of machinery for working soft rubber or plastics or for the manufacture of products of these materials:
    ~ extruders, moulders, pneumatic tyre making or retreading machines and other machines for making a specific rubber or plastic product
    ~ manufacture of printing and bookbinding machines and machines for activities supporting printing on a variety of materials
    ~ manufacture of machinery for producing tiles, bricks, shaped ceramic pastes, pipes, graphite electrodes, blackboard chalk, foundry moulds etc.
    ~ manufacture of semi-conductor manufacturing machinery
    ~ manufacture of industrial robots performing multiple tasks for special purposes
    ~ manufacture of diverse special-purpose machinery and equipment:
    ~ machines to assemble electric or electronic lamps, tubes (valves) or bulbs
    ~ machines for PRODUCTION or hot-working of glass or glassware, glass fibre or yarn
    ~ machinery or apparatus for isotopic separation
    ~ manufacture of tire alignment and balancing equipment; balancing equipment (except wheel balancing)
    ~ manufacture of central greasing systems
    ~ manufacture of aircraft launching gear, aircraft carrier catapults and related equipment
    ~ manufacture of automatic bowling alley equipment (e.g. pin-setters)
    ~ manufacture of roundabouts, swings, shooting galleries and other fairground amusements

  • Class 3312
    Repair of machinery
    This class includes the repair and maintenance of industrial machinery and equipment like sharpening or installing commercial and industrial machinery blades and saws; the provision of welding (e.g. automotive, general) repair services; the repair of agricultural and other heavy and industrial machinery and equipment (e.g. forklifts and other materials handling equipment, machine tools, commercial refrigeration equipment, construction equipment and mining machinery), comprising machinery and equipment of division 28.

    This class includes:
    ~ repair and maintenance of non-automotive engines, e.g. ship or rail engines
    ~ repair and maintenance of pumps and related equipment
    ~ repair and maintenance of fluid power equipment
    ~ repair of valves
    ~ repair of gearing and driving elements
    ~ repair and maintenance of industrial process furnaces
    ~ repair and maintenance of materials handling equipment
    ~ repair and maintenance of commercial refrigeration equipment and air purifying equipment
    ~ repair and maintenance of commercial-type general-purpose machinery
    ~ repair of other power-driven hand-tools
    ~ repair and maintenance of metal cutting and metal forming machine tools and accessories
    ~ repair and maintenance of other machine tools
    ~ repair and maintenance of agricultural tractors
    ~ repair and maintenance of agricultural machinery and forestry and logging machinery
    ~ repair and maintenance of metallurgy machinery
    ~ repair and maintenance of mining, construction, and oil and gas field machinery
    ~ repair and maintenance of food, beverage, and tobacco processing machinery
    ~ repair and maintenance of textile apparel, and leather PRODUCTION machinery
    ~ repair and maintenance of papermaking machinery
    ~ repair and maintenance of other special-purpose machinery of division 28
    ~ repair and maintenance of weighing equipment
    ~ repair and maintenance of vending machines
    ~ repair and maintenance of cash registers
    ~ repair and maintenance of photocopy machines
    ~ repair of calculators, electronic or not
    ~ repair of typewriters

  • Class 3821
    Treatment and disposal of non-hazardous waste
    This class includes the disposal, treatment prior to disposal and other treatment of solid or non-solid non-hazardous waste.

    This class includes:
    ~ operation of landfills for the disposal of non-hazardous waste
    ~ disposal of non-hazardous waste by combustion or incineration or other methods, with or without the resulting PRODUCTION of electricity or steam, substitute fuels, biogas, ashes or other by-products for further use etc.
    ~ treatment of organic waste for disposal
    ~ PRODUCTION of compost from organic waste

  • Class 4100
    Construction of buildings
    This class includes the construction of complete residential or non-residential buildings, on own account for sale or on a fee or contract basis. Outsourcing parts or even the whole construction process is possible. If only specialized parts of the construction process are carried out, the activity is classified in division 43.

    This class includes:
    ~ construction of all types of residential buildings:
    ~ single-family houses
    ~ multi-family buildings, including high-rise buildings
    ~ construction of all types of non-residential buildings:
    ~ buildings for industrial PRODUCTION, e.g. factories, workshops, assembly plants etc.
    ~ hospitals, schools, office buildings
    ~ hotels, stores, shopping malls, restaurants
    ~ airport buildings
    ~ indoor sports facilities
    ~ parking garages, including underground parking garages
    ~ warehouses
    ~ religious buildings
    ~ assembly and erection of prefabricated constructions on the site

    This class also includes:
    ~ remodeling or renovating existing residential structures

  • Class 4659
    Wholesale of other machinery and equipment
    This class includes:
    ~ wholesale of office machinery and equipment, except computers and computer peripheral equipment
    ~ wholesale of office furniture
    ~ wholesale of transport equipment except motor vehicles, motorcycles and bicycles
    ~ wholesale of PRODUCTION,line robots
    ~ wholesale of wires and switches and other installation equipment for industrial use
    ~ wholesale of other electrical material such as electrical motors, transformers
    ~ wholesale of machine tools of any type and for any material
    ~ wholesale of other machinery n.e.c. for use in industry, trade and navigation and other services

    This class also includes:
    ~ wholesale of computer-controlled machine tools
    ~ wholesale of computer-controlled machinery for the textile industry and of computer-controlled sewing and knitting machines
    ~ wholesale of measuring instruments and equipment

  • Class 5911
    Motion picture, video and television programme PRODUCTION activities
    This class includes:
    ~ PRODUCTION of motion pictures, videos, television programmes or television commercials

  • Class 5912
    Motion picture, video and television programme post PRODUCTION,activities
    This class includes:
    ~ post PRODUCTION,activities such as:
    ~ editing, titling, subtitling, credits
    ~ closed captioning
    ~ computer-produced graphics, animation and special effects
    ~ film/tape transfers
    ~ activities of motion picture film laboratories and activities of special laboratories for animated films:
    ~ developing and processing motion picture film
    ~ reproduction of motion picture film for theatrical distribution

    This class also includes:
    ~ activities of stock footage film libraries etc.

  • Class 5920
    Sound recording and music publishing activities
    This class includes:
    ~ PRODUCTION of original (sound) master recordings, such as tapes, CDs
    ~ sound recording service activities in a studio or elsewhere, including the PRODUCTION of taped (i.e. non-live) radio programming, audio for film, television etc.
    ~ music publishing, i.e. activities of:
    ~ acquiring and registering copyrights for musical compositions
    ~ promoting, authorizing and using these compositions in recordings, radio, television, motion pictures, live performances, print and other media
    ~ distributing sound recordings to wholesalers, retailers or directly to the public

    Units engaged in these activities may own the copyright or act as administrator of the music copyrights on behalf of the copyright owners.

    This class also includes:
    ~ publishing of music and sheet books

  • Class 7020
    Management consultancy activities
    This class includes the provision of advice, guidance and operational assistance to businesses and other organizations on management issues, such as strategic and organizational planning; decision areas that are financial in nature; marketing objectives and policies; human resource policies, practices and planning; PRODUCTION scheduling and control planning.

    This provision of business services may include advice, guidance or operational assistance to businesses and the public service regarding:
    ~ public relations and communication
    ~ lobbying activities
    ~ design of accounting methods or procedures, cost accounting programmes, budgetary control procedures
    ~ advice and help to businesses and public services in planning, organization, efficiency and control, management information etc.

  • Class 7310
    Advertising
    This class includes the provision of a full range of advertising services (i.e. through in-house capabilities or subcontracting), including advice, creative services, PRODUCTION of advertising material, media planning and buying.

    This class includes:
    ~ creation and realization of advertising campaigns:
    ~ creating and placing advertising in newspapers, periodicals, radio, television, the Internet and other media
    ~ creating and placing of outdoor advertising, e.g. billboards, panels, bulletins and frames, window dressing, showroom design, car and bus carding etc.
    ~ media representation, i.e. sale of time and space for various media soliciting advertising
    ~ aerial advertising
    ~ distribution or delivery of advertising material or samples
    ~ provision of advertising space on billboards etc.
    ~ creation of stands and other display structures and sites
    ~ conducting marketing campaigns and other advertising services aimed at attracting and retaining customers:
    ~ promotion of products
    ~ point-of-sale marketing
    ~ direct mail advertising
    ~ marketing consulting

  • Class 7410
    Specialized design activities
    This class includes:
    ~ fashion design related to textiles, wearing apparel, shoes, jewelry, furniture and other interior decoration and other fashion goods as well as other personal or household goods
    ~ industrial design, i.e. creating and developing designs and specifications that optimize the use, value and appearance of products, including the determination of the materials, construction, mechanism, shape, colour and surface finishes of the product, taking into consideration human characteristics and needs, safety, market appeal and efficiency in PRODUCTION, distribution, use and maintenance
    ~ activities of graphic designers
    ~ activities of interior decorators

  • Class 9000
    Creative, arts and entertainment activities
    This class includes the operation of facilities and provision of services to meet the cultural and entertainment interests of their customers. This includes the PRODUCTION and promotion of, and participation in, live performances, events or exhibits intended for public viewing; the provision of artistic, creative or technical skills for the PRODUCTION of artistic products and live performances.

    This class includes:
    ~ PRODUCTION of live theatrical presentations, concerts and opera or dance productions and other stage productions:
    ~ activities of groups, circuses or companies, orchestras or bands
    ~ activities of individual artists such as authors, actors, directors, musicians, lecturers or speakers, stage-set designers and builders etc.
    ~ operation of concert and theatre halls and other arts facilities
    ~ activities of sculptors, painters, cartoonists, engravers, etchers etc.
    ~ activities of individual writers, for all subjects including fictional writing, technical writing etc.
    ~ activities of independent journalists
    ~ restoring of works of art such as paintings etc.

    This class also includes:
    ~ activities of producers or entrepreneurs of arts live events, with or without facilities

  • Class 7490
    Other professional, scientific and technical activities n.e.c.
    This class includes a great variety of service activities generally delivered to commercial clients. It includes those activities for which more advanced professional, scientific and technical skill levels are required, but does not include ongoing, routine business functions that are generally of short duration.

    This class includes:
    ~ translation and interpretation activities
    ~ business brokerage activities, i.e. arranging for the purchase and sale of small and medium-sized businesses, including professional practices, but not including real estate brokerage
    ~ patent brokerage activities (arranging for the purchase and sale of patents)
    ~ appraisal activities other than for real estate and insurance (for antiques, jewellery, etc.)
    ~ bill auditing and freight rate information
    ~ activities of quantity surveyors
    ~ weather forecasting activities
    ~ security consulting
    ~ agronomy consulting
    ~ environmental consulting
    ~ other technical consulting
    ~ activities of consultants other than architecture, engineering and management consultants

    This class also includes:
    ~ activities carried on by agents and agencies on behalf of individuals usually involving the obtaining of engagements in motion picture, theatrical PRODUCTION or other entertainment or sports attractions and the placement of books, plays, artworks, photographs etc., with publishers, producers etc.

  • Class 7730
    Renting and leasing of other machinery, equipment and tangible goods
    This class includes:
    ~ renting and operational leasing, without operator, of other machinery and equipment that are generally used as capital goods by industries:
    ~ engines and turbines
    ~ machine tools
    ~ mining and oilfield equipment
    ~ professional radio, television and communication equipment
    ~ motion picture PRODUCTION equipment
    ~ measuring and controlling equipment
    ~ other scientific, commercial and industrial machinery
    ~ renting and operational leasing of land-transport equipment (other than motor vehicles) without drivers:
    ~ motorcycles, caravans and campers etc.
    ~ railroad vehicles
    ~ renting and operational leasing of water-transport equipment without operator:
    ~ commercial boats and ships
    ~ renting and operational leasing of air transport equipment without operator:
    ~ airplanes
    ~ hot-air balloons
    ~ renting and operational leasing of agricultural and forestry machinery and equipment without operator:
    ~ renting of products produced by class 2821, such as agricultural tractors etc.
    ~ renting and operational leasing of construction and civil-engineering machinery and equipment without operator:
    ~ crane lorries
    ~ scaffolds and work platforms, without erection and dismantling
    ~ renting and operational leasing of office machinery and equipment without operator:
    ~ computers and computer peripheral equipment
    ~ duplicating machines, typewriters and word-processing machines
    ~ accounting machinery and equipment: cash registers, electronic calculators etc.
    ~ office furniture

    This class also includes:
    ~ renting of accommodation or office containers
    ~ renting of containers
    ~ renting of pallets
    ~ renting of animals (e.g. herds, race horses)

  • Class 9810
    Undifferentiated goods-producing activities of private households for own use
    This class includes:
    ~ undifferentiated subsistence goods-producing activities of households, i.e., the activities of households that are engaged in a variety of activities that produce goods for their own subsistence. These activities include hunting and gathering, farming, the PRODUCTION of shelter and clothing and other goods produced by the household for its own subsistence.

    If households are also engaged in the PRODUCTION of marketed goods, they are classified to the appropriate goods-producing industry of ISIC.
    If households are principally engaged in a specific goods-producing subsistence activity, they are classified to the appropriate goods-producing industry of ISIC.

  • Class 9820
    Undifferentiated service-producing activities of private households for own use
    This class includes:
    ~ undifferentiated subsistence services-producing activities of households, i.e. the activities of households that are engaged in a variety of activities that produce services for their own subsistence. These activities include cooking, teaching, caring for household members and other services produced by the household for its own subsistence.

    If households are also engaged in the PRODUCTION of multiple goods for subsistence purposes, they are classified to the undifferentiated goods-producing subsistence activities of households.

  • Group 011
    Growing of non-perennial crops
    This group includes the growing of non-perennial crops, i.e. plants that do not last for more than two growing seasons. Included is the growing of these plants for the purpose of seed PRODUCTION.
  • Group 012
    Growing of perennial crops
    This group includes the growing of perennial crops, i.e. plants that lasts for more than two growing seasons, either dying back after each season or growing continuously. Included is the growing of these plants for the purpose of seed PRODUCTION.
  • Group 014
    Animal production
    This group includes raising (farming) and breeding of all animals, except aquatic animals.
  • Group 016
    Support activities to agriculture and post-harvest crop activities
    This group includes activities incidental to agricultural PRODUCTION and activities similar to agriculture not undertaken for PRODUCTION purposes (in the sense of harvesting agricultural products), done on a fee or contract basis. Also included are post-harvest crop activities, aimed at preparing agricultural products for the primary market.
  • Group 107
    Manufacture of other food products
    This group includes the PRODUCTION of a variety of food products not included in previous groups of this division. This includes the PRODUCTION of bakery products, sugar and confectionery, macaroni, noodles and similar products, prepared meals and dishes, coffee, tea and spices, as well as perishable and specialty food products.
  • Group 032
    Aquaculture
    This group includes aquaculture (or aquafarming), i.e. the PRODUCTION process involving the culturing or farming (including harvesting) of aquatic organisms (fish, molluscs, crustaceans, plants, crocodiles, alligators and amphibians) using techniques designed to increase the PRODUCTION of the organisms in question beyond the natural capacity of the environment (for example regular stocking, feeding and protection from predators).
    Culturing/farming refers to the rearing up to their juvenile and/or adult phase under captive conditions of the above organisms. In addition, aquaculture also encompasses individual, corporate or state ownership of the individual organisms throughout the rearing or culture stage, up to and including harvesting.

  • Group 591
    Motion picture, video and television programme activities
    This group includes PRODUCTION of theatrical and non-theatrical motion pictures whether on film, videotape, DVD or other media, including digital distribution, for direct projection in theatres or for broadcasting on television; supporting activities such as film editing, cutting, dubbing etc.; distribution of motion pictures or other film productions (video tapes, DVDs, etc) to other industries; as well as their projection. Buying and selling of motion picture or any other film PRODUCTION distribution rights is also included.
  • Division 01
    Crop and animal PRODUCTION, hunting and related service activities
    This division includes two basic activities, namely the PRODUCTION of crop products and PRODUCTION of animal products, covering also the forms of organic agriculture, the growing of genetically modified crops and the raising of genetically modified animals.

    This division also includes service activities incidental to agriculture, as well as hunting, trapping and related activities.

    Group 015 (Mixed farming) breaks with the usual principles for identifying main activity. It accepts that many agricultural holdings have reasonably balanced crop and animal PRODUCTION and that it would be arbitrary to classify them in one category or the other.

    Agricultural activities exclude any subsequent processing of the agricultural products (classified under divisions 10 and 11 (Manufacture of food products and beverages) and division 12 (Manufacture of tobacco products)), beyond that needed to prepare them for the primary markets. However, the preparation of products for the primary markets is included here.

    The division excludes field construction (e.g. agricultural land terracing, drainage, preparing rice paddies etc.) classified in section F (Construction) and buyers and cooperative associations engaged in the marketing of farm products classified in section G.

  • Division 02
    Forestry and logging
    This division includes the PRODUCTION of roundwood for the forest-based manufacturing industries (ISIC divisions 16 and 17) as well as the extraction and gathering of wild growing non-wood forest products. Besides the PRODUCTION of timber, forestry activities result in products that undergo little processing, such as fire wood, charcoal, wood chips and roundwood used in an unprocessed form (e.g. pit-props, pulpwood etc.). These activities can be carried out in natural or planted forests.
  • Division 03
    Fishing and aquaculture
    This division includes capture fishery and aquaculture, covering the use of fishery resources from marine, brackish or freshwater environments, with the goal of capturing or gathering fish, crustaceans, molluscs and other marine organisms and products (e.g. aquatic plants, pearls, sponges etc).
    Also included are activities that are normally integrated in the process of PRODUCTION for own account (e.g. seeding oysters for pearl production).

    This division does not include building and repairing of ships and boats (3011, 3315) and sport or recreational fishing activities (9319). Processing of fish, crustaceans or molluscs is excluded, whether at land-based plants or on factory ships (1020).

  • Division 06
    Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas
    This division includes the PRODUCTION of crude petroleum, the mining and extraction of oil from oil shale and oil sands and the PRODUCTION of natural gas and recovery of hydrocarbon liquids. This includes the overall activities of operating and/or developing oil and gas field properties, including such activities as drilling, completing and equipping wells, operating separators, emulsion breakers, desilting equipment and field gathering lines for crude petroleum and all other activities in the preparation of oil and gas up to the point of shipment from the producing property.

    This division excludes support activities for petroleum and gas extraction, such as oil and gas field services, performed on a fee or contract basis, oil and gas well exploration and test drilling and boring activities (see class 0910). This division also excludes the refining of petroleum products (see class 1920) and geophysical, geologic and seismic surveying activities (see class 7110).

  • Division 32
    Other manufacturing
    This division includes the manufacture of a variety of goods not covered in other parts of the classification. Since this is a residual division, PRODUCTION processes, input materials and use of the produced goods can vary widely and usual criteria for grouping classes into divisions have not been applied here.
  • Division 07
    Mining of metal ores
    This division includes mining for metallic minerals (ores), performed through underground or open-cast extraction, seabed mining etc. Also included are ore dressing and beneficiating operations, such as crushing, grinding, washing, drying, sintering, calcining or leaching ore, gravity separation or flotation operations.

    This division excludes manufacturing activities such as the roasting of iron pyrites (see class 2011), the PRODUCTION of aluminium oxide (see class 2420) and the operation of blast furnaces (see classes 2410 and 2420).

  • Division 10
    Manufacture of food products
    This division includes the processing of the products of agriculture, forestry and fishing into food for humans or animals, and includes the PRODUCTION of various intermediate products that are not directly food products. The activity often generates associated products of greater or lesser value (for example, hides from slaughtering, or oilcake from oil production).
    This division is organized by activities dealing with different kinds of products: meat, fish, fruit and vegetables, fats and oils, milk products, grain mill products, animal feeds and other food products. Production can be carried out for own account, as well as for third parties, as in custom slaughtering.
    Some activities are considered manufacturing (for example, those performed in bakeries, pastry shops, and prepared meat shops etc. which sell their own production) even though there is retail sale of the products in the producers' own shop. However, where the processing is minimal and does not lead to a real transformation, the unit is classified to Wholesale and retail trade (section G).

    Production of animal feeds from slaughter waste or by-products is classified in 1080, while processing food and beverage waste into secondary raw material is classified to 3830, and disposal of food and beverage waste in 3821.

  • Division 87
    Residential care activities
    This division includes the provision of residential care combined with either nursing, supervisory or other types of care as required by the residents. Facilities are a significant part of the PRODUCTION process and the care provided is a mix of health and social services with the health services being largely some level of nursing services.
  • Division 11
    Manufacture of beverages
    This division includes the manufacture of beverages, such as nonalcoholic beverages and mineral water, manufacture of alcoholic beverages mainly through fermentation, beer and wine, and the manufacture of distilled alcoholic beverages.

    This division excludes the PRODUCTION of fruit and vegetable juices (see class 1030), the manufacture of milk-based drinks (see class 1050) and the manufacture of coffee, tea and maté products (see class 1079).

  • Division 16
    Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials
    This division includes the manufacture of wood products, such as lumber, plywood, veneers, wood containers, wood flooring, wood trusses, and prefabricated wood buildings. The PRODUCTION processes include sawing, planing, shaping, laminating, and assembling of wood products starting from logs that are cut into bolts, or lumber that may then be cut further, or shaped by lathes or other shaping tools. The lumber or other transformed wood shapes may also be subsequently planed or smoothed, and assembled into finished products, such as wood containers.
    With the exception of sawmilling, this division is subdivided mainly based on the specific products manufactured.

    This division does not include the manufacture of furniture (3100), or the installation of wooden fittings and the like (4330).

  • Division 17
    Manufacture of paper and paper products
    This division includes the manufacture of pulp, paper and converted paper products. The manufacture of these products is grouped together because they constitute a series of vertically connected processes. More than one activity is often carried out in a single unit. There are essentially three activities: The manufacture of pulp involves separating the cellulose fibers from other impurities in wood or used paper. The manufacture of paper involves matting these fibers into a sheet. Converted paper products are made from paper and other materials by various cutting and shaping techniques, including coating and laminating activities. The paper articles may be printed (e.g. wallpaper, gift wrap etc.), as long as the printing of information is not the main purpose.
    The PRODUCTION of pulp, paper and paperboard in bulk is included in class 1701, while the remaining classes include the PRODUCTION of further-processed paper and paper products.

  • Division 20
    Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products
    This division includes the transformation of organic and inorganic raw materials by a chemical process and the formation of products. It distinguishes the PRODUCTION of basic chemicals that constitute the first industry group from the PRODUCTION of intermediate and end products produced by further processing of basic chemicals that make up the remaining industry classes.
  • Division 26
    Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products
    This division includes the manufacture of computers, computer peripherals, communications equipment, and similar electronic products, as well as the manufacture of components for such products. Production processes of this division are characterized by the design and use of integrated circuits and the application of highly specialized miniaturization technologies.
    The division also contains the manufacture of consumer electronics, measuring, testing, navigating, and control equipment, irradiation, electromedical and electrotherapeutic equipment, optical instruments and equipment, and the manufacture of magnetic and optical media.

  • Division 31
    Manufacture of furniture
    This division includes the manufacture of furniture and related products of any material except stone, concrete and ceramic. The processes used in the manufacture of furniture are standard methods of forming materials and assembling components, including cutting, moulding and laminating. The design of the article, for both aesthetic and functional qualities, is an important aspect of the PRODUCTION process.

    Some of the processes used in furniture manufacturing are similar to processes that are used in other segments of manufacturing. For example, cutting and assembly occurs in the PRODUCTION of wood trusses that are classified in division 16 (Manufacture of wood and wood products). However, the multiple processes distinguish wood furniture manufacturing from wood product manufacturing. Similarly, metal furniture manufacturing uses techniques that are also employed in the manufacturing of roll-formed products classified in division 25 (Manufacture of fabricated metal products). The molding process for plastics furniture is similar to the molding of other plastics products. However, the manufacture of plastics furniture tends to be a specialized activity.

  • Division 56
    Food and beverage service activities
    This division includes food and beverage serving activities providing complete meals or drinks fit for immediate consumption, whether in traditional restaurants, self-service or take-away restaurants, whether as permanent or temporary stands with or without seating. Decisive is the fact that meals fit for immediate consumption are offered, not the kind of facility providing them.

    Excluded is the PRODUCTION of meals not fit for immediate consumption or not planned to be consumed immediately or of prepared food which is not considered to be a meal (see divisions 10: Manufacture of food products and 11: Manufacture of beverages). Also excluded is the sale of not self-manufactured food that is not considered to be a meal or of meals that are not fit for immediate consumption (see section G: Wholesale and retail trade; ...).

  • Division 58
    Publishing activities
    This division includes the publishing of books, brochures, leaflets, dictionaries, encyclopaedias, atlases, maps and charts; publishing of newspapers, journals and periodicals; directory and mailing list and other publishing, as well as software publishing.

    Publishing includes the acquisition of copyrights to content (information products) and making this content available to the general public by engaging in (or arranging for) the reproduction and distribution of this content in various forms. All the feasible forms of publishing (in print, electronic or audio form, on the Internet, as multimedia products such as CD-ROM reference books etc.), except publishing of motion pictures, are included in this division.

    This division excludes the publishing of motion pictures, video tapes and movies on DVD or similar media (division 59) and the PRODUCTION of master copies for records or audio material (division 59). Also excluded are printing (see 1811) and the mass reproduction of recorded media (see 1820).

  • Division 59
    Motion picture, video and television programme PRODUCTION, sound recording and music publishing activities
    This division includes PRODUCTION of theatrical and non-theatrical motion pictures whether on film, videotape or disc for direct projection in theatres or for broadcasting on television; supporting activities such as film editing, cutting, dubbing etc.; distribution of motion pictures and other film productions to other industries; as well as motion picture or other film productions projection. Also included is the buying and selling of distribution rights for motion pictures or other film productions.
    This division also includes the sound recording activities, i.e. PRODUCTION of original sound master recordings, releasing, promoting and distributing them, publishing of music as well as sound recording service activities in a studio or elsewhere.

  • Division 60
    Programming and broadcasting activities
    This division includes the activities of creating content or acquiring the right to distribute content and subsequently broadcasting that content, such as radio, television and data programs of entertainment, news, talk, and the like. Also included is data broadcasting, typically integrated with radio or TV broadcasting. The broadcasting can be performed using different technologies, over-the-air, via satellite, via a cable network or via Internet. This division also includes the PRODUCTION of programs that are typically narrowcast in nature (limited format, such as news, sports, education or youth-oriented programming) on a subscription or fee basis, to a third party, for subsequent broadcasting to the public.

    This division excludes the distribution of cable and other subscription programming (see division 61).

  • Division 70
    Activities of head offices; management consultancy activities
    This division includes the provision of advice and assistance to businesses and other organizations on management issues, such as strategic and organizational planning; financial planning and budgeting; marketing objectives and policies; human resource policies, practices, and planning; PRODUCTION scheduling; and control planning. It also includes the overseeing and managing of other units of the same company or enterprise, i.e. the activities of head offices.
  • Division 93
    Sports activities and amusement and recreation activities
    This division includes the provision of recreational, amusement and sports activities (except museums activities, preservation of historical sites, botanical and zoological gardens and nature reserves activities; and gambling and betting activities).

    Excluded from this division are dramatic arts, music and other arts and entertainment such as the PRODUCTION of live theatrical presentations, concerts and opera or dance productions and other stage productions, see division 90.

  • Section C
    Manufacturing
    This section includes the physical or chemical transformation of materials, substances, or components into new products, although this cannot be used as the single universal criterion for defining manufacturing (see remark on processing of waste below). The materials, substances, or components transformed are raw materials that are products of agriculture, forestry, fishing, mining or quarrying as well as products of other manufacturing activities. Substantial alteration, renovation or reconstruction of goods is generally considered to be manufacturing.

    Units engaged in manufacturing are often described as plants, factories or mills and characteristically use power-driven machines and materials-handling equipment. However, units that transform materials or substances into new products by hand or in the worker's home and those engaged in selling to the general public of products made on the same premises from which they are sold, such as bakeries and custom tailors, are also included in this section. Manufacturing units may process materials or may contract with other units to process their materials for them. Both types of units are included in manufacturing.

    The output of a manufacturing process may be finished in the sense that it is ready for utilization or consumption, or it may be semi-finished in the sense that it is to become an input for further manufacturing. For example, the output of alumina refining is the input used in the primary PRODUCTION of aluminium; primary aluminium is the input to aluminium wire drawing; and aluminium wire is the input for the manufacture of fabricated wire products.

    Manufacture of specialized components and parts of, and accessories and attachments to, machinery and equipment is, as a general rule, classified in the same class as the manufacture of the machinery and equipment for which the parts and accessories are intended. Manufacture of unspecialized components and parts of machinery and equipment, e.g. engines, pistons, electric motors, electrical assemblies, valves, gears, roller bearings, is classified in the appropriate class of manufacturing, without regard to the machinery and equipment in which these items may be included. However, making specialized components and accessories by moulding or extruding plastics materials is included in class 2220.

    Assembly of the component parts of manufactured products is considered manufacturing. This includes the assembly of manufactured products from either self-produced or purchased components.

    The recovery of waste, i.e. the processing of waste into secondary raw materials is classified in class 3830 (Materials recovery). While this may involve physical or chemical transformations, this is not considered to be a part of manufacturing. The primary purpose of these activities is considered to be the treatment or processing of waste and they are therefore classified in Section E (Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities). However, the manufacture of new final products (as opposed to secondary raw materials) is classified in manufacturing, even if these processes use waste as an input. For example, the PRODUCTION of silver from film waste is considered to be a manufacturing process.

    Specialized maintenance and repair of industrial, commercial and similar machinery and equipment is, in general, classified in division 33 (Repair, maintenance and installation of machinery and equipment). However, the repair of computers and personal and household goods is classified in division 95 (Repair of computers and personal and household goods), while the repair of motor vehicles is classified in division 45 (Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles).

    The installation of machinery and equipment, when carried out as a specialized activity, is classified in 3320.

    Remark: The boundaries of manufacturing and the other sectors of the classification system can be somewhat blurry.

  • Section E
    Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities
    This section includes activities related to the management (including collection, treatment and disposal) of various forms of waste, such as solid or non-solid industrial or household waste, as well as contaminated sites. The output of the waste or sewage treatment process can either be disposed of or become an input into other PRODUCTION processes. Activities of water supply are also grouped in this section, since they are often carried out in connection with, or by units also engaged in, the treatment of sewage.
  • Section J
    Information and communication
    This section includes the PRODUCTION and distribution of information and cultural products, the provision of the means to transmit or distribute these products, as well as data or communications, information technology activities and the processing of data and other information service activities.

    The main components of this section are publishing activities (division 58), including software publishing, motion picture and sound recording activities (division 59), radio and TV broadcasting and programming activities (division 60), telecommunications activities (division 61) and information technology activities (division 62) and other information service activities (division 63).

    Publishing includes the acquisition of copyrights to content (information products) and making this content available to the general public by engaging in (or arranging for) the reproduction and distribution of this content in various forms. All the feasible forms of publishing (in print, electronic or audio form, on the internet, as multimedia products such as CD-ROM reference books etc.) are included in this section.

    Activities related to PRODUCTION and distribution of TV programming span divisions 59, 60 and 61, reflecting different stages in this process. Individual components, such as movies, television series etc. are produced by activities in division 59, while the creation of a complete television channel programme, from components produced in division 59 or other components (such as live news programming) is included in division 60. Division 60 also includes the broadcasting of this programme by the producer. The distribution of the complete television programme by third parties, i.e. without any alteration of the content, is included in division 61. This distribution in division 61 can be done through broadcasting, satellite or cable systems.