SIC CODES

List of SIC Codes containing products

You can view this list of SIC Activities and Codes related with the word products

products, list of activities

There are 124 Economic Activities in all levels that containg the word "PRODUCTS" in their name or detailed description. Have you that what you are searching for?

  • Class 0119
    Growing of other non-perennial crops
    This class includes the growing of non-perennial crops not elsewhere classified.

    This class includes:
    ~ growing of swedes, mangolds, fodder roots, clover, alfalfa, sainfoin, maize and other grasses, forage kale and similar forage PRODUCTS
    ~ growing of beet seeds (excluding sugar beet seeds) and seeds of forage plants
    ~ growing of flowers, including production of cut flowers and flower buds
    ~ growing of flower seeds

  • Class 1062
    Manufacture of starches and starch products
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of starches from rice, potatoes, maize etc.
    ~ wet corn milling
    ~ manufacture of glucose, glucose syrup, maltose, inulin etc.
    ~ manufacture of gluten
    ~ manufacture of tapioca and tapioca substitutes prepared from starch
    ~ manufacture of corn oil

  • Class 0230
    Gathering of non-wood forest products
    This class includes the gathering of non-wood forest PRODUCTS and other plants growing in the wild.

    This class includes:
    ~ gathering of wild growing materials:
    ~ mushrooms, truffles
    ~ berries
    ~ nuts
    ~ balata and other rubber-like gums
    ~ cork
    ~ lac and resins
    ~ balsams
    ~ vegetable hair
    ~ eelgrass
    ~ acorns, horse chestnuts
    ~ mosses and lichens

  • Class 1074
    Manufacture of macaroni, noodles, couscous and similar farinaceous products
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of pastas such as macaroni and noodles, whether or not cooked or stuffed
    ~ manufacture of couscous
    ~ manufacture of canned or frozen pasta products


  • Class 1200
    Manufacture of tobacco products
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of tobacco PRODUCTS and PRODUCTS of tobacco substitutes: cigarettes, cigarette tobacco, cigars, pipe tobacco, chewing tobacco, snuff
    ~ manufacture of homogenized or reconstituted tobacco

    This class also includes:
    ~ stemming and redrying of tobacco

  • Class 1040
    Manufacture of vegetable and animal oils and fats
    This class includes the manufacture of crude and refined oils and fats from vegetable or animal materials, except rendering or refining of lard and other edible animal fats.

    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of crude vegetable oils: olive oil, soya-bean oil, palm oil, sunflower-seed oil, cotton-seed oil, rape, colza or mustard oil, linseed oil etc.
    ~ manufacture of non-defatted flour or meal of oilseeds, oil nuts or oil kernels
    ~ manufacture of refined vegetable oils: olive oil, soya-bean oil etc.
    ~ processing of vegetable oils: blowing, boiling, dehydration, hydrogenation etc.
    ~ manufacture of margarine
    ~ manufacture of melanges and similar spreads
    ~ manufacture of compound cooking fats

    This class also includes:
    ~ manufacture of non-edible animal oils and fats
    ~ extraction of fish and marine mammal oils
    ~ production of cotton linters, oilcakes and other residual PRODUCTS of oil production

  • Class 1050
    Manufacture of dairy products
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of fresh liquid milk, pasteurized, sterilized, homogenized and/or ultra heat treated
    ~ manufacture of milk-based drinks
    ~ manufacture of cream from fresh liquid milk, pasteurized, sterilized, homogenized
    ~ manufacture of dried or concentrated milk whether or not sweetened
    ~ manufacture of milk or cream in solid form
    ~ manufacture of butter
    ~ manufacture of yoghurt
    ~ manufacture of cheese and curd
    ~ manufacture of whey
    ~ manufacture of casein or lactose
    ~ manufacture of ice cream and other edible ice such as sorbet

  • Class 1061
    Manufacture of grain mill products
    This class includes:
    ~ grain milling: production of flour, groats, meal or pellets of wheat, rye, oats, maize (corn) or other cereal grains
    ~ rice milling: production of husked, milled, polished, glazed, parboiled or converted rice; production of rice flour
    ~ vegetable milling: production of flour or meal of dried leguminous vegetables, of roots or tubers, or of edible nuts
    ~ manufacture of cereal breakfast foods
    ~ manufacture of flour mixes and prepared blended flour and dough for bread, cakes, biscuits or pancakes

  • Class 1623
    Manufacture of wooden containers
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of packing cases, boxes, crates, drums and similar packings of wood
    ~ manufacture of pallets, box pallets and other load boards of wood
    ~ manufacture of barrels, vats, tubs and other coopers' PRODUCTS of wood
    ~ manufacture of wooden cable-drums

  • Class 1071
    Manufacture of bakery products
    This class includes the manufacture of fresh, frozen or dry bakery PRODUCTS.

    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of bread and rolls
    ~ manufacture of fresh pastry, cakes, pies, tarts etc.
    ~ manufacture of rusks, biscuits and other dry bakery products
    ~ manufacture of preserved pastry goods and cakes
    ~ manufacture of snack PRODUCTS (cookies, crackers, pretzels etc.), whether sweet or salted
    ~ manufacture of tortillas
    ~ manufacture of frozen bakery products: pancakes, waffles, rolls etc.


  • Class 1079
    Manufacture of other food PRODUCTS n.e.c.
    This class includes:
    ~ decaffeinating and roasting of coffee
    ~ production of coffee products:
    ~ ground coffee
    ~ soluble coffee
    ~ extracts and concentrates of coffee
    ~ manufacture of coffee substitutes
    ~ blending of tea and maté
    ~ manufacture of extracts and preparations based on tea or maté
    ~ manufacture of soups and broths
    ~ manufacture of special foods, such as:
    ~ infant formula
    ~ follow up milks and other follow up foods
    ~ baby foods
    ~ foods containing homogenized ingredients
    ~ manufacture of spices, sauces and condiments:
    ~ mayonnaise
    ~ mustard flour and meal
    ~ prepared mustard etc.
    ~ manufacture of vinegar
    ~ manufacture of artificial honey and caramel
    ~ manufacture of perishable prepared foods, such as:
    ~ sandwiches
    ~ fresh (uncooked) pizza

    This class also includes:
    ~ manufacture of herb infusions (mint, vervain, chamomile etc.)
    ~ manufacture of yeast
    ~ manufacture of extracts and juices of meat, fish, crustaceans or molluscs
    ~ manufacture of non-dairy milk and cheese substitutes
    ~ manufacture of egg PRODUCTS, egg albumin
    ~ processing of salt into food-grade salt, e.g. iodized salt
    ~ manufacture of artificial concentrates

  • Class 1910
    Manufacture of coke oven products
    This class includes:
    ~ operation of coke ovens
    ~ production of coke and semi-coke
    ~ production of pitch and pitch coke
    ~ production of coke oven gas
    ~ production of crude coal and lignite tars
    ~ agglomeration of coke

  • Class 2021
    Manufacture of pesticides and other agrochemical products
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of insecticides, rodenticides, fungicides, herbicides
    ~ manufacture of anti-sprouting PRODUCTS, plant growth regulators
    ~ manufacture of disinfectants (for agricultural and other use)
    ~ manufacture of other agrochemical PRODUCTS n.e.c.

  • Class 1394
    Manufacture of cordage, rope, twine and netting
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of twine, cordage, rope and cables of textile fibres or strip or the like, whether or not impregnated, coated, covered or sheathed with rubber or plastics
    ~ manufacture of knotted netting of twine, cordage or rope
    ~ manufacture of PRODUCTS of rope or netting: fishing nets, ships' fenders, unloading cushions, loading slings, rope or cable fitted with metal rings etc.

  • Class 1399
    Manufacture of other textiles n.e.c.
    This class includes all activities related to the manufacture of textiles or textile PRODUCTS, not specified elsewhere in division 13 or 14, involving a large number of processes and a great variety of goods produced.

    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of narrow woven fabrics, including fabrics consisting of warp without weft assembled by means of an adhesive
    ~ manufacture of labels, badges etc.
    ~ manufacture of ornamental trimmings: braids, tassels, pompons etc.
    ~ manufacture of felt
    ~ manufacture of tulles and other net fabrics, and of lace and embroidery, in the piece, in strips or in motifs
    ~ manufacture of fabrics impregnated, coated, covered or laminated with plastics
    ~ manufacture of metallized yarn or gimped yarn, rubber thread and cord covered with textile material, textile yarn or strip covered, impregnated, coated or sheathed with rubber or plastics
    ~ manufacture of tyre cord fabric of high-tenacity man-made yarn
    ~ manufacture of other treated or coated fabrics: tracing cloth, canvas prepared for use by painters, buckram and similar stiffened textile fabrics, fabrics coated with gum or amylaceous substances
    ~ manufacture of diverse textile articles: textile wicks, incandescent gas mantles and tubular gas mantle fabric, hosepiping, transmission or conveyor belts or belting (whether or not reinforced with metal or other material), bolting cloth, straining cloth
    ~ manufacture of automotive trimmings
    ~ manufacture of pressure sensitive cloth-tape
    ~ manufacture of artists' canvas boards and tracing cloth
    ~ manufacture of shoe-lace, of textiles
    ~ manufacture of powder puffs and mitts

  • Class 2432
    Casting of non-ferrous metals
    This class includes:
    ~ casting of semi-finished PRODUCTS of aluminium, magnesium, titanium, zinc etc.
    ~ casting of light metal castings
    ~ casting of heavy metal castings
    ~ casting of precious metal castings
    ~ die-casting of non-ferrous metal castings

  • Class 1410
    Manufacture of wearing apparel, except fur apparel
    This class includes the manufacture of wearing apparel. The material used may be of any kind (see below for exceptions) and may be coated, impregnated or rubberized.

    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of wearing apparel made of leather or composition leather, including leather industrial work accessories such as welder's leather aprons
    ~ manufacture of work wear
    ~ manufacture of other outerwear made of woven, knitted or crocheted fabric, non-wovens etc. for men, women and children:
    ~ coats, suits, ensembles, jackets, trousers, skirts etc.
    ~ manufacture of underwear and nightwear made of woven, knitted or crocheted fabric, lace etc. for men, women and children:
    ~ shirts, T-shirts, underpants, briefs, pyjamas, nightdresses, dressing gowns, blouses, slips, brassieres, corsets etc.
    ~ manufacture of babies' garments, tracksuits, ski suits, swimwear etc.
    ~ manufacture of hats and caps
    ~ manufacture of other clothing accessories: gloves, belts, shawls, ties, cravats, hairnets etc.

    This class also includes:
    ~ custom tailoring
    ~ manufacture of headgear of fur skins
    ~ manufacture of footwear of textile material without applied soles
    ~ manufacture of parts of the PRODUCTS listed

  • Class 1629
    Manufacture of other PRODUCTS of wood; manufacture of articles of cork, straw and plaiting materials
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of various wood products:
    ~ wooden handles and bodies for tools, brooms, brushes
    ~ wooden boot or shoe parts (e.g. heels)
    ~ wooden boot or shoe lasts and trees
    ~ wooden clothes hangers
    ~ wooden mirror and picture frames
    ~ wooden frames for artists' canvases
    ~ household utensils and kitchenware of wood
    ~ wooden statuettes and ornaments, wood marquetry, inlaid wood
    ~ wooden cases for jewellery, cutlery and similar articles
    ~ wooden spools, cops, bobbins, sewing thread reels and similar articles of turned wood
    ~ wooden handles for umbrellas, canes and similar
    ~ wooden blocks for the manufacture of smoking pipes
    ~ other articles of wood
    ~ natural cork processing, manufacture of agglomerated cork
    ~ manufacture of articles of natural or agglomerated cork, including floor coverings
    ~ manufacture of plaits and PRODUCTS of plaiting materials: mats, matting, screens, cases etc.
    ~ manufacture of basket-ware and wickerwork
    ~ manufacture of fire logs, made of pressed wood or substitute materials like coffee or soybean grounds


  • Class 1709
    Manufacture of other articles of paper and paperboard
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of household and personal hygiene paper and cellulose wadding products:
    ~ cleansing tissues
    ~ handkerchiefs, towels, serviettes
    ~ toilet paper
    ~ sanitary towels and tampons, napkins and napkin liners for babies
    ~ cups, dishes and trays
    ~ manufacture of textile wadding and articles of wadding: sanitary towels, tampons etc.
    ~ manufacture of printing and writing paper ready for use
    ~ manufacture of computer printout paper ready for use
    ~ manufacture of self-copy paper ready for use
    ~ manufacture of duplicator stencils and carbon paper ready for use
    ~ manufacture of gummed or adhesive paper ready for use
    ~ manufacture of envelopes and letter-cards
    ~ manufacture of registers, accounting books, binders, albums and similar educational and commercial stationery
    ~ manufacture of boxes, pouches, wallets and writing compendiums containing an assortment of paper stationery
    ~ manufacture of wallpaper and similar wall coverings, including vinyl-coated and textile wallpaper
    ~ manufacture of labels
    ~ manufacture of filter paper and paperboard
    ~ manufacture of paper and paperboard bobbins, spools, cops etc.
    ~ manufacture of egg trays and other moulded pulp packaging PRODUCTS etc.
    ~ manufacture of paper novelties

  • Class 1812
    Service activities related to printing
    This class includes:
    ~ binding of printed sheets, e.g. into books, brochures, magazines, catalogues etc., by folding, assembling, stitching, glueing, collating, basting, adhesive binding, trimming, gold stamping
    ~ composition, typesetting, phototypesetting, pre-press data input including scanning and optical character recognition, electronic make-up
    ~ plate-making services including imagesetting and plate-setting (for the printing processes letterpress and offset)
    ~ engraving or etching of cylinders for gravure
    ~ plate processes direct to plate (also photopolymer plates)
    ~ preparation of plates and dies for relief stamping or printing
    ~ production of proofs
    ~ artistic work including preparation of litho stones and prepared woodblocks
    ~ production of reprographic products
    ~ design of printing PRODUCTS e.g. sketches, layouts, dummies etc.
    ~ other graphic activities such as die-sinking or die-stamping, Braille copying, punching and drilling, embossing, varnishing and laminating, collating and insetting, creasing

  • Class 4661
    Wholesale of solid, liquid and gaseous fuels and related products
    This class includes:
    ~ wholesale of fuels, greases, lubricants, oils such as:
    ~ charcoal, coal, coke, fuel wood, naphtha
    ~ crude petroleum, crude oil, diesel fuel, gasoline, fuel oil, heating oil, kerosene
    ~ liquefied petroleum gases, butane and propane gas
    ~ lubricating oils and greases, refined petroleum products

  • Class 4662
    Wholesale of metals and metal ores
    This class includes:
    ~ wholesale of ferrous and non-ferrous metal ores
    ~ wholesale of ferrous and non-ferrous metals in primary forms
    ~ wholesale of ferrous and non-ferrous semi-finished metal PRODUCTS n.e.c.
    ~ wholesale of gold and other precious metals

  • Class 4719
    Other retail sale in non-specialized stores
    This class includes:
    ~ retail sale of a large variety of goods of which food PRODUCTS, beverages or tobacco are not predominant, such as:
    ~ retail sale activities of department stores carrying a general line of goods, including wearing apparel, furniture, appliances, hardware, cosmetics, jewellery, toys, sports goods etc.

  • Class 1920
    Manufacture of refined petroleum products
    This class includes the manufacture of liquid or gaseous fuels or other PRODUCTS from crude petroleum, bituminous minerals or their fractionation PRODUCTS. Petroleum refining involves one or more of the following activities: fractionation, straight distillation of crude oil, and cracking.

    This class includes:
    ~ production of motor fuel: gasoline, kerosene etc.
    ~ production of fuel: light, medium and heavy fuel oil, refinery gases such as ethane, propane, butane etc.
    ~ manufacture of oil-based lubricating oils or greases, including from waste oil
    ~ manufacture of PRODUCTS for the petrochemical industry and for the manufacture of road coverings
    ~ manufacture of various products: white spirit, Vaseline, paraffin wax, petroleum jelly etc.
    ~ manufacture of hard-coal and lignite fuel briquettes
    ~ manufacture of petroleum briquettes
    ~ blending of biofuels, i.e. blending of alcohols with petroleum (e.g. gasohol)

  • Class 4721
    Retail sale of food in specialized stores
    This class includes:
    ~ retail sale of any the following types of goods:
    ~ fresh or preserved fruit and vegetables
    ~ dairy PRODUCTS and eggs
    ~ meat and meat PRODUCTS (including poultry)
    ~ fish, other seafood and PRODUCTS thereof
    ~ bakery products
    ~ sugar confectionery
    ~ other food products

  • Class 4723
    Retail sale of tobacco PRODUCTS in specialized stores
    This class includes:
    ~ retail sale of tobacco
    ~ retail sale of tobacco products

  • Class 4730
    Retail sale of automotive fuel in specialized stores
    This class includes:
    ~ retail sale of fuel for motor vehicles and motorcycles

    This class also includes:
    ~ retail sale of lubricating PRODUCTS and cooling PRODUCTS for motor vehicles

  • Class 4781
    Retail sale via stalls and markets of food, beverages and tobacco products
    This class includes:
    ~ retail sale of food, beverages and tobacco PRODUCTS via stalls or markets

  • Class 2011
    Manufacture of basic chemicals
    This class includes the manufacture of chemicals using basic processes, such as thermal cracking and distillation. The output of these processes are usually separate chemical elements or separate chemically defined compounds.

    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of liquefied or compressed inorganic industrial or medical gases:
    ~ elemental gases
    ~ liquid or compressed air
    ~ refrigerant gases
    ~ mixed industrial gases
    ~ inert gases such as carbon dioxide
    ~ isolating gases
    ~ manufacture of dyes and pigments from any source in basic form or as concentrate
    ~ manufacture of chemical elements
    ~ manufacture of inorganic acids except nitric acid
    ~ manufacture of alkalis, lyes and other inorganic bases except ammonia
    ~ manufacture of other inorganic compounds
    ~ manufacture of basic organic chemicals:
    ~ acyclic hydrocarbons, saturated and unsaturated
    ~ cyclic hydrocarbons, saturated and unsaturated
    ~ acyclic and cyclic alcohols
    ~ mono- and polycarboxylic acids, including acetic acid
    ~ other oxygen-function compounds, including aldehydes, ketones, quinones and dual or poly oxygen-function compounds
    ~ synthetic glycerol
    ~ nitrogen-function organic compounds, including amines
    ~ fermentation of sugarcane, corn or similar to produce alcohol and esters
    ~ other organic compounds, including wood distillation PRODUCTS (e.g. charcoal) etc.
    ~ manufacture of distilled water
    ~ manufacture of synthetic aromatic products
    ~ roasting of iron pyrites

    This class also includes:
    ~ manufacture of PRODUCTS of a kind used as fluorescent brightening agents or as luminophores
    ~ enrichment of uranium and thorium ores and production of fuel elements for nuclear reactors

  • Class 2029
    Manufacture of other chemical PRODUCTS n.e.c.
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of propellant powders
    ~ manufacture of explosives and pyrotechnic PRODUCTS, including percussion caps, detonators, signalling flares etc.
    ~ manufacture of gelatine and its derivatives, glues and prepared adhesives, including rubber-based glues and adhesives
    ~ manufacture of extracts of natural aromatic products
    ~ manufacture of resinoids
    ~ manufacture of aromatic distilled waters
    ~ manufacture of mixtures of odoriferous PRODUCTS for the manufacture of perfumes or food
    ~ manufacture of photographic plates, films, sensitized paper and other sensitized unexposed materials
    ~ manufacture of chemical preparations for photographic uses
    ~ manufacture of various chemical products:
    ~ peptones, peptone derivatives, other protein substances and their derivatives n.e.c.
    ~ essential oils
    ~ chemically modified oils and fats
    ~ materials used in the finishing of textiles and leather
    ~ powders and pastes used in soldering, brazing or welding
    ~ substances used to pickle metal
    ~ prepared additives for cements
    ~ activated carbon, lubricating oil additives, prepared rubber accelerators, catalysts and other chemical PRODUCTS for industrial use
    ~ anti-knock preparations, antifreeze preparations
    ~ composite diagnostic or laboratory reagents

    This class also includes:
    ~ manufacture of writing and drawing ink
    ~ manufacture of matches

  • Class 2100
    Manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemical and botanical products
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of medicinal active substances to be used for their pharmacological properties in the manufacture of medicaments: antibiotics, basic vitamins, salicylic and O-acetylsalicylic acids etc.
    ~ processing of blood
    ~ manufacture of medicaments:
    ~ antisera and other blood fractions
    ~ vaccines
    ~ diverse medicaments, including homeopathic preparations
    ~ manufacture of chemical contraceptive PRODUCTS for external use and hormonal contraceptive medicaments
    ~ manufacture of medical diagnostic preparations, including pregnancy tests
    ~ manufacture of radioactive in-vivo diagnostic substances
    ~ manufacture of biotech pharmaceuticals

    This class also includes:
    ~ manufacture of chemically pure sugars
    ~ processing of glands and manufacture of extracts of glands etc.
    ~ manufacture of medical impregnated wadding, gauze, bandages, dressings etc.
    ~ preparation of botanical PRODUCTS (grinding, grading, milling) for pharmaceutical use

  • Class 2219
    Manufacture of other rubber products
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of other PRODUCTS of natural or synthetic rubber, unvulcanized, vulcanized or hardened:
    ~ rubber plates, sheets, strip, rods, profile shapes
    ~ tubes, pipes and hoses
    ~ rubber conveyor or transmission belts or belting
    ~ rubber hygienic articles: sheath contraceptives, teats, hot water bottles etc.
    ~ rubber articles of apparel (if only sealed together, not sewn)
    ~ rubber thread and rope
    ~ rubberized yarn and fabrics
    ~ rubber rings, fittings and seals
    ~ rubber roller coverings
    ~ inflatable rubber mattresses
    ~ inflatable balloons
    ~ manufacture of rubber brushes
    ~ manufacture of hard rubber pipe stems
    ~ manufacture of hard rubber combs, hair pins, hair rollers, and similar

    This class also includes:
    ~ manufacture of rubber repair materials
    ~ manufacture of textile fabric impregnated, coated, covered or laminated with rubber, where rubber is the chief constituent
    ~ manufacture of rubber waterbed mattresses
    ~ manufacture of rubber bathing caps and aprons
    ~ manufacture of rubber wet suits and diving suits
    ~ manufacture of rubber sex articles

  • Class 2310
    Manufacture of glass and glass products
    This class includes the manufacture of glass in all forms, made by any process and the manufacture of articles of glass.

    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of flat glass, including wired, coloured or tinted flat glass
    ~ manufacture of toughened or laminated flat glass
    ~ manufacture of glass in rods or tubes
    ~ manufacture of glass paving blocks
    ~ manufacture of glass mirrors
    ~ manufacture of multiple-walled insulating units of glass
    ~ manufacture of bottles and other containers of glass or crystal
    ~ manufacture of drinking glasses and other domestic glass or crystal articles
    ~ manufacture of glass fibres, including glass wool and non-woven PRODUCTS thereof
    ~ manufacture of laboratory, hygienic or pharmaceutical glassware
    ~ manufacture of clock or watch glasses, optical glass and optical elements not optically worked
    ~ manufacture of glassware used in imitation jewellery
    ~ manufacture of glass insulators and glass insulating fittings
    ~ manufacture of glass envelopes for lamps
    ~ manufacture of glass figurines

  • Class 2220
    Manufacture of plastics products
    This class includes the processing of new or spent (i.e. recycled) plastics resins into intermediate or final PRODUCTS, using such processes as compression molding, extrusion molding, injection molding, blow molding and casting. For most of these, the production process is such that a wide variety of PRODUCTS can be made.

    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of semi-manufactures of plastic products:
    ~ plastic plates, sheets, blocks, film, foil, strip etc. (whether self-adhesive or not)
    ~ manufacture of finished plastic products:
    ~ plastic tubes, pipes and hoses; hose and pipe fittings
    ~ manufacture of plastic articles for the packing of goods:
    ~ plastic bags, sacks, containers, boxes, cases, carboys, bottles etc.
    ~ manufacture of builders' plastics ware:
    ~ plastic doors, windows, frames, shutters, blinds, skirting boards
    ~ tanks, reservoirs
    ~ plastic floor, wall or ceiling coverings in rolls or in the form of tiles etc.
    ~ plastic sanitary ware, such as:
    ~~ plastic baths, shower baths, washbasins, lavatory pans, flushing cisterns etc.
    ~ manufacture of plastic tableware, kitchenware and toilet articles
    ~ cellophane film or sheet
    ~ manufacture of resilient floor coverings, such as vinyl, linoleum etc.
    ~ manufacture of artificial stone (e.g. cultured marble)
    ~ manufacture of plastic signs (non-electrical)
    ~ manufacture of diverse plastic products:
    ~ plastic headgear, insulating fittings, parts of lighting fittings, office or school supplies, articles of apparel (if only sealed together, not sewn), fittings for furniture, statuettes, transmission and conveyer belts, self-adhesive tapes of plastic, plastic wall paper, plastic shoe lasts, plastic cigar and cigarette holders, combs, plastics hair curlers, plastics novelties, etc.

  • Class 2391
    Manufacture of refractory products
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of refractory mortars, concretes etc.
    ~ manufacture of refractory ceramic goods:
    ~ heat-insulating ceramic goods of siliceous fossil meals
    ~ refractory bricks, blocks and tiles etc.
    ~ retorts, crucibles, muffles, nozzles, tubes, pipes etc.

    This class also includes:
    ~ manufacture of refractory articles containing magnesite, dolomite or chromite

  • Class 2393
    Manufacture of other porcelain and ceramic products
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of ceramic tableware and other domestic or toilet articles
    ~ manufacture of statuettes and other ornamental ceramic articles
    ~ manufacture of electrical insulators and insulating fittings of ceramics
    ~ manufacture of ceramic and ferrite magnets
    ~ manufacture of ceramic laboratory, chemical and industrial products
    ~ manufacture of ceramic pots, jars and similar articles of a kind used for conveyance or packing of goods
    ~ manufacture of ceramic furniture
    ~ manufacture of ceramic PRODUCTS n.e.c.

  • Class 2399
    Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral PRODUCTS n.e.c.
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of millstones, sharpening or polishing stones and natural or artificial abrasive PRODUCTS, including abrasive PRODUCTS on a soft base (e.g. sandpaper)
    ~ manufacture of friction material and unmounted articles thereof with a base of mineral substances or of cellulose
    ~ manufacture of mineral insulating materials:
    ~ slag wool, rock wool and similar mineral wools; exfoliated vermiculite, expanded clays and similar heat-insulating, sound-insulating or sound-absorbing materials
    ~ manufacture of articles of diverse mineral substances:
    ~ worked mica and articles of mica, of peat, of graphite (other than electrical articles) etc.
    ~ manufacture of articles of asphalt or similar material, e.g. asphalt-based adhesives, coal tar pitch etc.
    ~ carbon and graphite fibers and PRODUCTS (except electrodes and electrical applications)

  • Class 2410
    Manufacture of basic iron and steel
    This class includes operations of conversion by reduction of iron ore in blast furnaces and oxygen converters or of ferrous waste and scrap in electric arc furnaces or by direct reduction of iron ore without fusion to obtain crude steel which is smelted and refined in a ladle furnace and then poured and solidified in a continuous caster in order to produce semi-finished flat or long PRODUCTS, which are used, after reheating, in rolling, drawing and extruding operations to manufacture finished PRODUCTS such as plate, sheet, strip, bars, rods, wire, tubes, pipes and hollow profiles.

    This class includes:
    ~ operation of blast furnaces, steel converters, rolling and finishing mills
    ~ production of pig iron and spiegeleisen in pigs, blocks or other primary forms
    ~ production of ferro-alloys
    ~ production of ferrous PRODUCTS by direct reduction of iron and other spongy ferrous products
    ~ production of iron of exceptional purity by electrolysis or other chemical processes
    ~ production of granular iron and iron powder
    ~ production of steel in ingots or other primary forms
    ~ remelting of scrap ingots of iron or steel
    ~ production of semi-finished PRODUCTS of steel
    ~ manufacture of hot-rolled and cold-rolled flat-rolled PRODUCTS of steel
    ~ manufacture of hot-rolled bars and rods of steel
    ~ manufacture of hot-rolled open sections of steel
    ~ manufacture of steel bars and solid sections of steel by cold drawing, grinding or turning
    ~ manufacture of open sections by progressive cold forming on a roll mill or folding on a press of flat-rolled PRODUCTS of steel
    ~ manufacture of wire of steel by cold drawing or stretching
    ~ manufacture of sheet piling of steel and welded open sections of steel
    ~ manufacture of railway track materials (unassembled rails) of steel
    ~ manufacture of seamless tubes, pipes and hollow profiles of steel, by hot rolling, hot extrusion or hot drawing, or by cold drawing or cold rolling
    ~ manufacture of welded tubes and pipes of steel, by cold or hot forming and welding, delivered as welded or further processed by cold drawing or cold rolling or manufactured by hot forming, welding and reducing
    ~ manufacture of tube fittings of steel, such as:
    ~ flat flanges and flanges with forged collars
    ~ butt-welded fittings
    ~ threaded fittings
    ~ socket-welded fittings

  • Class 2511
    Manufacture of structural metal products
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of metal frameworks or skeletons for construction and parts thereof (towers, masts, trusses, bridges etc.)
    ~ manufacture of industrial frameworks in metal (frameworks for blast furnaces, lifting and handling equipment etc.)
    ~ manufacture of prefabricated buildings mainly of metal:
    ~ site huts, modular exhibition elements etc.
    ~ manufacture of metal doors, windows and their frames, shutters and gates
    ~ metal room partitions for floor attachment

  • Class 2599
    Manufacture of other fabricated metal PRODUCTS n.e.c.
    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of pails, cans, drums, buckets, boxes
    ~ manufacture of tins and cans for food PRODUCTS, collapsible tubes and boxes
    ~ manufacture of metallic closures
    ~ manufacture of metal cable, plaited bands and similar articles
    ~ manufacture of uninsulated metal cable or insulated cable not capable of being used as a conductor of electricity
    ~ manufacture of articles made of wire: barbed wire, wire fencing, grill, netting, cloth etc.
    ~ manufacture of nails and pins
    ~ manufacture of rivets, washers and similar non-threaded products
    ~ manufacture of screw machine products
    ~ manufacture of bolts, screws, nuts and similar threaded products
    ~ manufacture of springs (except watch springs):
    ~ leaf springs, helical springs, torsion bar springs
    ~ leaves for springs
    ~ manufacture of chain, except power transmission chain
    ~ manufacture of metal household articles:
    ~ flatware: plates, saucers etc.
    ~ hollowware: pots, kettles etc.
    ~ dinnerware: bowls, platters etc.
    ~ saucepans, frying pans and other non-electrical utensils for use at the table or in the kitchen
    ~ small hand-operated kitchen appliances and accessories
    ~ metal scouring pads
    ~ manufacture of baths, sinks, washbasins and similar articles
    ~ manufacture of metal goods for office use, except furniture
    ~ manufacture of safes, strongboxes, armoured doors etc.
    ~ manufacture of various metal articles:
    ~ ship propellers and blades thereof
    ~ anchors
    ~ bells
    ~ assembled railway track fixtures
    ~ clasps, buckles, hooks
    ~ manufacture of foil bags
    ~ manufacture of permanent metallic magnets
    ~ manufacture of metal vacuum jugs and bottles
    ~ manufacture of metal signs (non-electrical)
    ~ manufacture of metal badges and metal military insignia
    ~ manufacture of metal hair curlers, metal umbrella handles and frames, combs

  • Class 2790
    Manufacture of other electrical equipment
    This class includes the manufacture of miscellaneous electrical equipment other than motors, generators and transformers, batteries and accumulators, wires and wiring devices, lighting equipment or domestic appliances.

    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of battery chargers, solid-state
    ~ manufacture of door opening and closing devices, electrical
    ~ manufacture of electric bells
    ~ manufacture of ultrasonic cleaning machines (except laboratory and dental)
    ~ manufacture of tanning beds
    ~ manufacture of solid state inverters, rectifying apparatus, fuel cells, regulated and unregulated power supplies
    ~ manufacture of uninterruptible power supplies (UPS)
    ~ manufacture of surge suppressors (except for distribution level voltage)
    ~ manufacture of appliance cords, extension cords, and other electrical cord sets with insulated wire and connectors
    ~ manufacture of carbon and graphite electrodes, contacts, and other electrical carbon and graphite PRODUCTS
    ~ manufacture of particle accelerators
    ~ manufacture of electrical capacitors, resistors, condensers and similar components
    ~ manufacture of electromagnets
    ~ manufacture of sirens
    ~ manufacture of electronic scoreboards
    ~ manufacture of electrical signs
    ~ manufacture of electrical signalling equipment such as traffic lights and pedestrian signalling equipment
    ~ manufacture of electrical insulators (except glass or porcelain)
    ~ manufacture of electrical welding and soldering equipment, including hand-held soldering irons

  • Class 2829
    Manufacture of other special-purpose machinery
    This class includes the manufacture of special-purpose machinery not elsewhere classified.

    This class includes:
    ~ manufacture of machinery for making paper pulp
    ~ manufacture of paper and paperboard making machinery
    ~ manufacture of dryers for wood, paper pulp, paper or paperboard
    ~ manufacture of machinery producing articles of paper or paperboard
    ~ manufacture of machinery for working soft rubber or plastics or for the manufacture of PRODUCTS of these materials:
    ~ extruders, moulders, pneumatic tyre making or retreading machines and other machines for making a specific rubber or plastic product
    ~ manufacture of printing and bookbinding machines and machines for activities supporting printing on a variety of materials
    ~ manufacture of machinery for producing tiles, bricks, shaped ceramic pastes, pipes, graphite electrodes, blackboard chalk, foundry moulds etc.
    ~ manufacture of semi-conductor manufacturing machinery
    ~ manufacture of industrial robots performing multiple tasks for special purposes
    ~ manufacture of diverse special-purpose machinery and equipment:
    ~ machines to assemble electric or electronic lamps, tubes (valves) or bulbs
    ~ machines for production or hot-working of glass or glassware, glass fibre or yarn
    ~ machinery or apparatus for isotopic separation
    ~ manufacture of tire alignment and balancing equipment; balancing equipment (except wheel balancing)
    ~ manufacture of central greasing systems
    ~ manufacture of aircraft launching gear, aircraft carrier catapults and related equipment
    ~ manufacture of automatic bowling alley equipment (e.g. pin-setters)
    ~ manufacture of roundabouts, swings, shooting galleries and other fairground amusements

  • Class 3211
    Manufacture of jewellery and related articles
    This class includes:
    ~ production of worked pearls
    ~ production of precious and semi-precious stones in the worked state, including the working of industrial quality stones and synthetic or reconstructed precious or semi-precious stones
    ~ working of diamonds
    ~ manufacture of jewellery of precious metal or of base metals clad with precious metals, or precious or semi-precious stones, or of combinations of precious metal and precious or semi-precious stones or of other materials
    ~ manufacture of goldsmiths' articles of precious metals or of base metals clad with precious metals:
    ~ dinnerware, flatware, hollowware, toilet articles, office or desk articles, articles for religious use etc.
    ~ manufacture of technical or laboratory articles of precious metal (except instruments and parts thereof): crucibles, spatulas, electroplating anodes etc.
    ~ manufacture of precious metal watch bands, wristbands, watch straps and cigarette cases
    ~ manufacture of coins, including coins for use as legal tender, whether or not of precious metal

    This class also includes:
    ~ engraving of personal precious and non-precious metal products

  • Class 3311
    Repair of fabricated metal products
    This class includes the repair and maintenance of fabricated metal PRODUCTS of division 25.

    This class includes:
    ~ repair of metal tanks, reservoirs and containers
    ~ repair and maintenance for pipes and pipelines
    ~ mobile welding repair
    ~ repair of steel shipping drums
    ~ repair and maintenance of steam or other vapour generators
    ~ repair and maintenance of auxiliary plant for use with steam generators:
    ~ condensers, economizers, superheaters, steam collectors and accumulators
    ~ repair and maintenance of nuclear reactors, except isotope separators
    ~ repair and maintenance of parts for marine or power boilers
    ~ platework repair of central heating boilers and radiators
    ~ repair and maintenance of fire arms and ordnance (including repair of sporting and recreational guns)

  • Class 3520
    Manufacture of gas; distribution of gaseous fuels through mains
    This class includes the manufacture of gas and the distribution of natural or synthetic gas to the consumer through a system of mains. Gas marketers or brokers, which arrange the sale of natural gas over distribution systems operated by others, are included.
    The separate operation of gas pipelines, typically done over long distances, connecting producers with distributors of gas, or between urban centers, is excluded from this class and classified with other pipeline transport activities.

    This class includes:
    ~ production of gas for the purpose of gas supply by carbonation of coal, from by PRODUCTS,of agriculture or from waste
    ~ manufacture of gaseous fuels with a specified calorific value, by purification, blending and other processes from gases of various types including natural gas
    ~ transportation, distribution and supply of gaseous fuels of all kinds through a system of mains
    ~ sale of gas to the user through mains
    ~ activities of gas brokers or agents that arrange the sale of gas over gas distribution systems operated by others
    ~ commodity and transport capacity exchanges for gaseous fuels

  • Class 3821
    Treatment and disposal of non-hazardous waste
    This class includes the disposal, treatment prior to disposal and other treatment of solid or non-solid non-hazardous waste.

    This class includes:
    ~ operation of landfills for the disposal of non-hazardous waste
    ~ disposal of non-hazardous waste by combustion or incineration or other methods, with or without the resulting production of electricity or steam, substitute fuels, biogas, ashes or other by PRODUCTS,for further use etc.
    ~ treatment of organic waste for disposal
    ~ production of compost from organic waste

  • Class 4620
    Wholesale of agricultural raw materials and live animals
    This class includes:
    ~ wholesale of grains and seeds
    ~ wholesale of oleaginous fruits
    ~ wholesale of flowers and plants
    ~ wholesale of unmanufactured tobacco
    ~ wholesale of live animals
    ~ wholesale of hides and skins
    ~ wholesale of leather
    ~ wholesale of agricultural material, waste, residues and by PRODUCTS,used for animal feed

  • Class 4663
    Wholesale of construction materials, hardware, plumbing and heating equipment and supplies
    This class includes:
    ~ wholesale of wood in the rough
    ~ wholesale of PRODUCTS of primary processing of wood
    ~ wholesale of paint and varnish
    ~ wholesale of construction materials:
    ~ sand, gravel
    ~ wholesale of wallpaper and floor coverings
    ~ wholesale of flat glass
    ~ wholesale of hardware and locks
    ~ wholesale of fittings and fixtures
    ~ wholesale of hot water heaters
    ~ wholesale of sanitary equipment:
    ~ baths, washbasins, toilets and other sanitary porcelain
    ~ wholesale of sanitary installation equipment:
    ~ tubes, pipes, fittings, taps, T-pieces, connections, rubber pipes etc.
    ~ wholesale of tools such as hammers, saws, screwdrivers and other hand tools

  • Class 4669
    Wholesale of waste and scrap and other PRODUCTS n.e.c.
    This class includes:
    ~ wholesale of industrial chemicals:
    ~ aniline, printing ink, essential oils, industrial gases, chemical glues, colouring matter, synthetic resin, methanol, paraffin, scents and flavourings, soda, industrial salt, acids and sulphurs, starch derivates etc.
    ~ wholesale of fertilizers and agrochemical products
    ~ wholesale of plastic materials in primary forms
    ~ wholesale of rubber
    ~ wholesale of textile fibres etc.
    ~ wholesale of paper in bulk
    ~ wholesale of precious stones
    ~ wholesale of metal and non-metal waste and scrap and materials for recycling, including collecting, sorting, separating, stripping of used goods such as cars in order to obtain reusable parts, packing and repacking, storage and delivery, but without a real transformation process. Additionally, the purchased and sold waste has a remaining value.

    This class includes:
    ~ dismantling of automobiles, computers, televisions and other equipment to obtain and re-sell usable parts

  • Class 4711
    Retail sale in non-specialized stores with food, beverages or tobacco predominating
    This class includes:
    ~ retail sale of a large variety of goods of which, however, food PRODUCTS, beverages or tobacco should be predominant, such as:
    ~ retail sale activities of general stores that have, apart from their main sales of food PRODUCTS, beverages or tobacco, several other types of goods such as wearing apparel, furniture, appliances, hardware, cosmetics etc.

  • Class 4773
    Other retail sale of new goods in specialized stores
    This class includes:
    ~ retail sale of photographic, optical and precision equipment
    ~ activities of opticians
    ~ retail sale of watches, clocks and jewellery
    ~ retail sale of flowers, plants, seeds, fertilizers, pet animals and pet food
    ~ retail sale of souvenirs, craftwork and religious articles
    ~ activities of commercial art galleries
    ~ retail sale of household fuel oil, bottled gas, coal and fuel wood
    ~ retail sale of cleaning materials
    ~ retail sale of weapons and ammunition
    ~ retail sale of stamps and coins
    ~ retail sale of non-food PRODUCTS n.e.c.

  • Class 4791
    Retail sale via mail order houses or via Internet
    This class includes retail sale activities via mail order houses or via Internet, i.e. retail sale activities where the buyer makes his choice on the basis of advertisements, catalogues, information provided on a website, models or any other means of advertising and places his order by mail, phone or over the Internet (usually through special means provided by a website). The PRODUCTS purchased can be either directly downloaded from the Internet or physically delivered to the customer.

    This class includes:
    ~ retail sale of any kind of product by mail order
    ~ retail sale of any kind of product over the Internet

    This class also includes:
    ~ direct sale via television, radio and telephone
    ~ Internet retail auctions

  • Class 7120
    Technical testing and analysis
    This class includes:
    ~ performance of physical, chemical and other analytical testing of all types of materials and PRODUCTS (see below for exceptions):
    ~ acoustics and vibration testing
    ~ testing of composition and purity of minerals etc.
    ~ testing activities in the field of food hygiene, including veterinary testing and control in relation to food production
    ~ testing of physical characteristics and performance of materials, such as strength, thickness, durability, radioactivity etc.
    ~ qualification and reliability testing
    ~ performance testing of complete machinery: motors, automobiles, electronic equipment etc.
    ~ radiographic testing of welds and joints
    ~ failure analysis
    ~ testing and measuring of environmental indicators: air and water pollution etc.
    ~ certification of PRODUCTS, including consumer goods, motor vehicles, aircraft, pressurized containers, nuclear plants etc.
    ~ periodic road-safety testing of motor vehicles
    ~ testing with use of models or mock-ups (e.g. of aircraft, ships, dams etc.)
    ~ operation of police laboratories

  • Class 7320
    Market research and public opinion polling
    This class includes:
    ~ investigation into market potential, acceptance and familiarity of PRODUCTS and buying habits of consumers for the purpose of sales promotion and development of new PRODUCTS, including statistical analyses of the results
    ~ investigation into collective opinions of the public about political, economic and social issues and statistical analysis thereof

  • Class 7410
    Specialized design activities
    This class includes:
    ~ fashion design related to textiles, wearing apparel, shoes, jewelry, furniture and other interior decoration and other fashion goods as well as other personal or household goods
    ~ industrial design, i.e. creating and developing designs and specifications that optimize the use, value and appearance of PRODUCTS, including the determination of the materials, construction, mechanism, shape, colour and surface finishes of the product, taking into consideration human characteristics and needs, safety, market appeal and efficiency in production, distribution, use and maintenance
    ~ activities of graphic designers
    ~ activities of interior decorators

  • Class 7740
    Leasing of intellectual property and similar PRODUCTS, except copyrighted works
    This class includes the activities of allowing others to use intellectual property PRODUCTS and similar PRODUCTS for which a royalty payment or licensing fee is paid to the owner of the product (i.e. the asset holder). The leasing of these PRODUCTS can take various forms, such as permission for reproduction, use in subsequent processes or PRODUCTS, operating businesses under a franchise etc. The current owners may or may not have created these PRODUCTS.

    This class includes:
    ~ leasing of intellectual property PRODUCTS (except copyrighted works, such as books or software)
    ~ receiving royalties or licensing fees for the use of:
    ~ patented entities
    ~ trademarks or service marks
    ~ brand names
    ~ mineral exploration and evaluation
    ~ franchise agreements

  • Class 7730
    Renting and leasing of other machinery, equipment and tangible goods
    This class includes:
    ~ renting and operational leasing, without operator, of other machinery and equipment that are generally used as capital goods by industries:
    ~ engines and turbines
    ~ machine tools
    ~ mining and oilfield equipment
    ~ professional radio, television and communication equipment
    ~ motion picture production equipment
    ~ measuring and controlling equipment
    ~ other scientific, commercial and industrial machinery
    ~ renting and operational leasing of land-transport equipment (other than motor vehicles) without drivers:
    ~ motorcycles, caravans and campers etc.
    ~ railroad vehicles
    ~ renting and operational leasing of water-transport equipment without operator:
    ~ commercial boats and ships
    ~ renting and operational leasing of air transport equipment without operator:
    ~ airplanes
    ~ hot-air balloons
    ~ renting and operational leasing of agricultural and forestry machinery and equipment without operator:
    ~ renting of PRODUCTS produced by class 2821, such as agricultural tractors etc.
    ~ renting and operational leasing of construction and civil-engineering machinery and equipment without operator:
    ~ crane lorries
    ~ scaffolds and work platforms, without erection and dismantling
    ~ renting and operational leasing of office machinery and equipment without operator:
    ~ computers and computer peripheral equipment
    ~ duplicating machines, typewriters and word-processing machines
    ~ accounting machinery and equipment: cash registers, electronic calculators etc.
    ~ office furniture

    This class also includes:
    ~ renting of accommodation or office containers
    ~ renting of containers
    ~ renting of pallets
    ~ renting of animals (e.g. herds, race horses)

  • Class 9000
    Creative, arts and entertainment activities
    This class includes the operation of facilities and provision of services to meet the cultural and entertainment interests of their customers. This includes the production and promotion of, and participation in, live performances, events or exhibits intended for public viewing; the provision of artistic, creative or technical skills for the production of artistic PRODUCTS and live performances.

    This class includes:
    ~ production of live theatrical presentations, concerts and opera or dance productions and other stage productions:
    ~ activities of groups, circuses or companies, orchestras or bands
    ~ activities of individual artists such as authors, actors, directors, musicians, lecturers or speakers, stage-set designers and builders etc.
    ~ operation of concert and theatre halls and other arts facilities
    ~ activities of sculptors, painters, cartoonists, engravers, etchers etc.
    ~ activities of individual writers, for all subjects including fictional writing, technical writing etc.
    ~ activities of independent journalists
    ~ restoring of works of art such as paintings etc.

    This class also includes:
    ~ activities of producers or entrepreneurs of arts live events, with or without facilities

  • Class 9601
    Washing and (dry-) cleaning of textile and fur products
    This class includes:
    ~ laundering and dry-cleaning, pressing etc., of all kinds of clothing (including fur) and textiles, provided by mechanical equipment, by hand or by self-service coin-operated machines, whether for the general public or for industrial or commercial clients
    ~ laundry collection and delivery
    ~ carpet and rug shampooing and drapery and curtain cleaning, whether on clients' premises or not
    ~ provision of linens, work uniforms and related items by laundries
    ~ diaper supply services

    This class also includes:
    ~ repair and minor alteration of garments or other textile articles when done in connection with cleaning

  • Group 016
    Support activities to agriculture and post-harvest crop activities
    This group includes activities incidental to agricultural production and activities similar to agriculture not undertaken for production purposes (in the sense of harvesting agricultural products), done on a fee or contract basis. Also included are post-harvest crop activities, aimed at preparing agricultural PRODUCTS for the primary market.
  • Group 023
    Gathering of non-wood forest products
    See class 0230.
  • Group 105
    Manufacture of dairy products
    See class 1050.
  • Group 106
    Manufacture of grain mill PRODUCTS, starches and starch products
    This group includes the milling of flour or meal from grains or vegetables, the milling, cleaning and polishing of rice, as well as the manufacture of flour mixes or doughs from these PRODUCTS. Also included in this group are the wet milling of corn and vegetables and the manufacture of starch and starch PRODUCTS.
  • Group 107
    Manufacture of other food products
    This group includes the production of a variety of food PRODUCTS not included in previous groups of this division. This includes the production of bakery PRODUCTS, sugar and confectionery, macaroni, noodles and similar PRODUCTS, prepared meals and dishes, coffee, tea and spices, as well as perishable and specialty food PRODUCTS.
  • Group 120
    Manufacture of tobacco products
    See class 1200.
  • Group 139
    Manufacture of other textiles
    This group includes the manufacture of PRODUCTS produced from textiles, except wearing apparel, such as made-up textile articles, carpets and rugs, rope, narrow woven fabrics, trimmings etc.
  • Group 151
    Tanning and dressing of leather; manufacture of luggage, handbags, saddlery and harness; dressing and dyeing of fur
    This group includes the manufacture of leather and fur and PRODUCTS thereof.
  • Group 162
    Manufacture of PRODUCTS of wood, cork, straw and plaiting materials
    This group includes the manufacture of PRODUCTS of wood, cork, straw or plaiting materials, including basic shapes as well as assembled PRODUCTS.
  • Group 170
    Manufacture of paper and paper products
    See division 17.
  • Group 181
    Printing and service activities related to printing
    This group includes printing of PRODUCTS, such as newspapers, books, periodicals, business forms, greeting cards, and other materials, and associated support activities, such as bookbinding, plate-making services, and data imaging. Printing can be done using various techniques and on different materials.
  • Group 191
    Manufacture of coke oven products
    See class 1910.
  • Group 192
    Manufacture of refined petroleum products
    See class 1920.
  • Group 201
    Manufacture of basic chemicals, fertilizers and nitrogen compounds, plastics and synthetic rubber in primary forms
    This group includes the manufacture of basic chemical PRODUCTS, fertilizers and associated nitrogen compounds, as well as plastics and synthetic rubber in primary forms.
  • Group 210
    Manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemical and botanical products
    See class 2100.
  • Group 221
    Manufacture of rubber products
    This group includes the manufacture of rubber PRODUCTS.
  • Group 222
    Manufacture of plastics products
    See class 2220.
  • Group 231
    Manufacture of glass and glass products
    See class 2310.
  • Group 239
    Manufacture of non-metallic mineral PRODUCTS n.e.c.
    This group includes the manufacture of intermediate and final PRODUCTS from mined or quarried non-metallic minerals, such as sand, gravel, stone or clay.
  • Group 243
    Casting of metals
    This group includes the manufacture of semi-finished PRODUCTS and various castings by a casting process.
  • Group 251
    Manufacture of structural metal PRODUCTS, tanks, reservoirs and steam generators
    This group includes the manufacture of structural metal PRODUCTS (such as metal frameworks or parts for construction), as well as metal container-type objects (such as reservoirs, tanks, central heating boilers) and steam generators.
  • Group 466
    Other specialized wholesale
    This group includes other specialized wholesale activities not classified in other groups of this division. This includes the wholesale of intermediate PRODUCTS, except agricultural, typically not for household use.
  • Group 472
    Retail sale of food, beverages and tobacco in specialized stores
    This group includes retail sale in stores specialized in selling food, beverage or tobacco PRODUCTS.
  • Group 202
    Manufacture of other chemical products
    This group includes the manufacture of chemical PRODUCTS other than basic chemicals and man-made fibres. This includes the manufacture of a variety of goods such as pesticides, paints and inks, soap, cleaning preparations, perfumes and toilet preparations, explosives and pyrotechnic PRODUCTS, chemical preparations for photographic uses (including film and sensitized paper), gelatins, composite diagnostic preparations etc.
  • Group 774
    Leasing of intellectual property and similar PRODUCTS, except copyrighted works
    See class 7740.
  • Group 259
    Manufacture of other fabricated metal products; metalworking service activities
    This group includes general activities for the treatment of metal, such as forging or pressing, plating, coating, engraving, boring, polishing, welding etc., which are typically carried out on a fee or contract basis. This group also includes the manufacture of a variety of metal PRODUCTS, such as cutlery; metal hand tools and general hardware; cans and buckets; nails, bolts and nuts; metal household articles; metal fixtures; ships propellers and anchors; assembled railway track fixtures etc. for a variety of household and industrial uses.
  • Group 331
    Repair of fabricated metal PRODUCTS, machinery and equipment
    This group includes the specialized repair of goods produced in the manufacturing sector with the aim to restore these metal PRODUCTS, machinery, equipment and other PRODUCTS to working order. The provision of general or routine maintenance (i.e. servicing) on such PRODUCTS to ensure they work efficiently and to prevent breakdown and unnecessary repairs is included.
  • Group 477
    Retail sale of other goods in specialized stores
    This group includes the sale in specialized stores carrying a particular line of PRODUCTS not included in other parts of the classification, such as clothing, footwear and leather articles, pharmaceutical and medical goods, watches, souvenirs, cleaning materials, weapons, flowers and pets and others. Also included is the retail sale of used goods in specialized stores.
  • Division 01
    Crop and animal production, hunting and related service activities
    This division includes two basic activities, namely the production of crop PRODUCTS and production of animal PRODUCTS, covering also the forms of organic agriculture, the growing of genetically modified crops and the raising of genetically modified animals.

    This division also includes service activities incidental to agriculture, as well as hunting, trapping and related activities.

    Group 015 (Mixed farming) breaks with the usual principles for identifying main activity. It accepts that many agricultural holdings have reasonably balanced crop and animal production and that it would be arbitrary to classify them in one category or the other.

    Agricultural activities exclude any subsequent processing of the agricultural PRODUCTS (classified under divisions 10 and 11 (Manufacture of food PRODUCTS and beverages) and division 12 (Manufacture of tobacco products)), beyond that needed to prepare them for the primary markets. However, the preparation of PRODUCTS for the primary markets is included here.

    The division excludes field construction (e.g. agricultural land terracing, drainage, preparing rice paddies etc.) classified in section F (Construction) and buyers and cooperative associations engaged in the marketing of farm PRODUCTS classified in section G.

  • Division 02
    Forestry and logging
    This division includes the production of roundwood for the forest-based manufacturing industries (ISIC divisions 16 and 17) as well as the extraction and gathering of wild growing non-wood forest PRODUCTS. Besides the production of timber, forestry activities result in PRODUCTS that undergo little processing, such as fire wood, charcoal, wood chips and roundwood used in an unprocessed form (e.g. pit-props, pulpwood etc.). These activities can be carried out in natural or planted forests.
  • Division 03
    Fishing and aquaculture
    This division includes capture fishery and aquaculture, covering the use of fishery resources from marine, brackish or freshwater environments, with the goal of capturing or gathering fish, crustaceans, molluscs and other marine organisms and PRODUCTS (e.g. aquatic plants, pearls, sponges etc).
    Also included are activities that are normally integrated in the process of production for own account (e.g. seeding oysters for pearl production).

    This division does not include building and repairing of ships and boats (3011, 3315) and sport or recreational fishing activities (9319). Processing of fish, crustaceans or molluscs is excluded, whether at land-based plants or on factory ships (1020).

  • Division 06
    Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas
    This division includes the production of crude petroleum, the mining and extraction of oil from oil shale and oil sands and the production of natural gas and recovery of hydrocarbon liquids. This includes the overall activities of operating and/or developing oil and gas field properties, including such activities as drilling, completing and equipping wells, operating separators, emulsion breakers, desilting equipment and field gathering lines for crude petroleum and all other activities in the preparation of oil and gas up to the point of shipment from the producing property.

    This division excludes support activities for petroleum and gas extraction, such as oil and gas field services, performed on a fee or contract basis, oil and gas well exploration and test drilling and boring activities (see class 0910). This division also excludes the refining of petroleum PRODUCTS (see class 1920) and geophysical, geologic and seismic surveying activities (see class 7110).

  • Division 12
    Manufacture of tobacco products
    This division includes the processing of an agricultural product, tobacco, into a form suitable for final consumption.
  • Division 08
    Other mining and quarrying
    This division includes extraction from a mine or quarry, but also dredging of alluvial deposits, rock crushing and the use of salt marshes. The PRODUCTS are used most notably in construction (e.g. sands, stones etc.), manufacture of materials (e.g. clay, gypsum, calcium etc.), manufacture of chemicals etc.
    This division does not include processing (except crushing, grinding, cutting, cleaning, drying, sorting and mixing) of the minerals extracted.

  • Division 10
    Manufacture of food products
    This division includes the processing of the PRODUCTS of agriculture, forestry and fishing into food for humans or animals, and includes the production of various intermediate PRODUCTS that are not directly food PRODUCTS. The activity often generates associated PRODUCTS of greater or lesser value (for example, hides from slaughtering, or oilcake from oil production).
    This division is organized by activities dealing with different kinds of products: meat, fish, fruit and vegetables, fats and oils, milk PRODUCTS, grain mill PRODUCTS, animal feeds and other food PRODUCTS. Production can be carried out for own account, as well as for third parties, as in custom slaughtering.
    Some activities are considered manufacturing (for example, those performed in bakeries, pastry shops, and prepared meat shops etc. which sell their own production) even though there is retail sale of the PRODUCTS in the producers' own shop. However, where the processing is minimal and does not lead to a real transformation, the unit is classified to Wholesale and retail trade (section G).

    Production of animal feeds from slaughter waste or by PRODUCTS,is classified in 1080, while processing food and beverage waste into secondary raw material is classified to 3830, and disposal of food and beverage waste in 3821.

  • Division 11
    Manufacture of beverages
    This division includes the manufacture of beverages, such as nonalcoholic beverages and mineral water, manufacture of alcoholic beverages mainly through fermentation, beer and wine, and the manufacture of distilled alcoholic beverages.

    This division excludes the production of fruit and vegetable juices (see class 1030), the manufacture of milk-based drinks (see class 1050) and the manufacture of coffee, tea and maté PRODUCTS (see class 1079).

  • Division 21
    Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical PRODUCTS and pharmaceutical preparations
    This division includes the manufacture of basic pharmaceutical PRODUCTS and pharmaceutical preparations. This includes also the manufacture of medicinal chemical and botanical PRODUCTS.
  • Division 22
    Manufacture of rubber and plastics products
    This division includes the manufacture of rubber and plastics PRODUCTS.
    This division is characterized by the raw materials used in the manufacturing process. However, this does not imply that the manufacture of all PRODUCTS made of these materials is classified here.

  • Division 15
    Manufacture of leather and related products
    This division includes dressing and dyeing of fur and the transformation of hides into leather by tanning or curing and fabricating the leather into PRODUCTS for final consumption. It also includes the manufacture of similar PRODUCTS from other materials (imitation leathers or leather substitutes), such as rubber footwear, textile luggage etc. The PRODUCTS made from leather substitutes are included here, since they are made in ways similar to those in which leather PRODUCTS are made (e.g. luggage) and are often produced in the same unit.
  • Division 16
    Manufacture of wood and of PRODUCTS of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials
    This division includes the manufacture of wood PRODUCTS, such as lumber, plywood, veneers, wood containers, wood flooring, wood trusses, and prefabricated wood buildings. The production processes include sawing, planing, shaping, laminating, and assembling of wood PRODUCTS starting from logs that are cut into bolts, or lumber that may then be cut further, or shaped by lathes or other shaping tools. The lumber or other transformed wood shapes may also be subsequently planed or smoothed, and assembled into finished PRODUCTS, such as wood containers.
    With the exception of sawmilling, this division is subdivided mainly based on the specific PRODUCTS manufactured.

    This division does not include the manufacture of furniture (3100), or the installation of wooden fittings and the like (4330).

  • Division 27
    Manufacture of electrical equipment
    This division includes the manufacture of PRODUCTS that generate, distribute and use electrical power. Also included is the manufacture of electrical lighting, signalling equipment and electric household appliances.

    This division excludes the manufacture of electronic PRODUCTS (see division 26).

  • Division 17
    Manufacture of paper and paper products
    This division includes the manufacture of pulp, paper and converted paper PRODUCTS. The manufacture of these PRODUCTS is grouped together because they constitute a series of vertically connected processes. More than one activity is often carried out in a single unit. There are essentially three activities: The manufacture of pulp involves separating the cellulose fibers from other impurities in wood or used paper. The manufacture of paper involves matting these fibers into a sheet. Converted paper PRODUCTS are made from paper and other materials by various cutting and shaping techniques, including coating and laminating activities. The paper articles may be printed (e.g. wallpaper, gift wrap etc.), as long as the printing of information is not the main purpose.
    The production of pulp, paper and paperboard in bulk is included in class 1701, while the remaining classes include the production of further-processed paper and paper PRODUCTS.

  • Division 18
    Printing and reproduction of recorded media
    This division includes printing of PRODUCTS, such as newspapers, books, periodicals, business forms, greeting cards, and other materials, and associated support activities, such as bookbinding, plate-making services, and data imaging. The support activities included here are an integral part of the printing industry, and a product (a printing plate, a bound book, or a computer disk or file) that is an integral part of the printing industry is almost always provided by these operations.
    Processes used in printing include a variety of methods for transferring an image from a plate, screen, or computer file to a medium, such as paper, plastics, metal, textile articles, or wood. The most prominent of these methods entails the transfer of the image from a plate or screen to the medium through lithographic, gravure, screen or flexographic printing. Often a computer file is used to directly ''drive'' the printing mechanism to create the image or electrostatic and other types of equipment (digital or non-impact printing).
    Though printing and publishing can be carried out by the same unit (a newspaper, for example), it is less and less the case that these distinct activities are carried out in the same physical location.

    This division also includes the reproduction of recorded media, such as compact discs, video recordings, software on discs or tapes, records etc.

    This division excludes publishing activities (see section J).

  • Division 19
    Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products
    This division includes the transformation of crude petroleum and coal into usable PRODUCTS. The dominant process is petroleum refining, which involves the separation of crude petroleum into component PRODUCTS through such techniques as cracking and distillation. This division also includes the manufacture for own account of characteristic PRODUCTS (e.g. coke, butane, propane, petrol, kerosene, fuel oil etc.) as well as processing services (e.g. custom refining).
    This division includes the manufacture of gases such as ethane, propane and butane as PRODUCTS of petroleum refineries.

    Not included is the manufacture of such gases in other units (2011), manufacture of industrial gases (2011), extraction of natural gas (methane, ethane, butane or propane) (0600), and manufacture of fuel gas, other than petroleum gases (e.g. coal gas, water gas, producer gas, gasworks gas) (35420).
    The manufacture of petrochemicals from refined petroleum is classified in division 20.

  • Division 20
    Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products
    This division includes the transformation of organic and inorganic raw materials by a chemical process and the formation of PRODUCTS. It distinguishes the production of basic chemicals that constitute the first industry group from the production of intermediate and end PRODUCTS produced by further processing of basic chemicals that make up the remaining industry classes.
  • Division 96
    Other personal service activities
    This division includes all service activities not mentioned elsewhere in the classification. Notably it includes types of services such as washing and (dry-)cleaning of textiles and fur PRODUCTS, hairdressing and other beauty treatment, funeral and related activities.
  • Division 23
    Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products
    This division includes manufacturing activities related to a single substance of mineral origin. This division includes the manufacture of glass and glass PRODUCTS (e.g. flat glass, hollow glass, fibres, technical glassware etc.), ceramic PRODUCTS, tiles and baked clay PRODUCTS, and cement and plaster, from raw materials to finished articles. The manufacture of shaped and finished stone and other mineral PRODUCTS is also included in this division.
  • Division 24
    Manufacture of basic metals
    This division includes the activities of smelting and/or refining ferrous and non-ferrous metals from ore, pig or scrap, using electrometallurgic and other process metallurgic techniques. This division also includes the manufacture of metal alloys and super-alloys by introducing other chemical elements to pure metals. The output of smelting and refining, usually in ingot form, is used in rolling, drawing and extruding operations to make PRODUCTS such as plate, sheet, strip, bars, rods, wire, tubes, pipes and hollow profiles, and in molten form to make castings and other basic metal PRODUCTS.
  • Division 25
    Manufacture of fabricated metal PRODUCTS, except machinery and equipment
    This division includes the manufacture of pure metal PRODUCTS (such as parts, containers and structures), usually with a static, immovable function, as opposed to the following divisions 26-30, which cover the manufacture of combinations or assemblies of such metal PRODUCTS (sometimes with other materials) into more complex units that, unless they are purely electrical, electronic or optical, work with moving parts.
    The manufacture of weapons and ammunition is also included in this division.

    This division excludes specialized repair and maintenance activities (see group 331) and the specialized installation of manufactured goods produced in this division in buildings, such as central heating boilers (see 4322).

  • Division 26
    Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products
    This division includes the manufacture of computers, computer peripherals, communications equipment, and similar electronic PRODUCTS, as well as the manufacture of components for such PRODUCTS. Production processes of this division are characterized by the design and use of integrated circuits and the application of highly specialized miniaturization technologies.
    The division also contains the manufacture of consumer electronics, measuring, testing, navigating, and control equipment, irradiation, electromedical and electrotherapeutic equipment, optical instruments and equipment, and the manufacture of magnetic and optical media.

  • Division 28
    Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.
    This division includes the manufacture of machinery and equipment that act independently on materials either mechanically or thermally or perform operations on materials (such as handling, spraying, weighing or packing), including their mechanical components that produce and apply force, and any specially manufactured primary parts. This includes the manufacture of fixed and mobile or hand-held devices, regardless of whether they are designed for industrial, building and civil engineering, agricultural or home use. The manufacture of special equipment for passenger or freight transport within demarcated premises also belongs within this division.
    This division distinguishes between the manufacture of special-purpose machinery, i.e. machinery for exclusive use in an ISIC industry or a small cluster of ISIC industries, and general-purpose machinery, i.e. machinery that is being used in a wide range of ISIC industries.
    This division also includes the manufacture of other special-purpose machinery, not covered elsewhere in the classification, whether or not used in a manufacturing process, such as fairground amusement equipment, automatic bowling alley equipment, etc.

    This division excludes the manufacture of metal PRODUCTS for general use (division 25), associated control devices, computer equipment, measurement and testing equipment, electricity distribution and control apparatus (divisions 26 and 27) and general-purpose motor vehicles (divisions 29 and 30).

  • Division 31
    Manufacture of furniture
    This division includes the manufacture of furniture and related PRODUCTS of any material except stone, concrete and ceramic. The processes used in the manufacture of furniture are standard methods of forming materials and assembling components, including cutting, moulding and laminating. The design of the article, for both aesthetic and functional qualities, is an important aspect of the production process.

    Some of the processes used in furniture manufacturing are similar to processes that are used in other segments of manufacturing. For example, cutting and assembly occurs in the production of wood trusses that are classified in division 16 (Manufacture of wood and wood products). However, the multiple processes distinguish wood furniture manufacturing from wood product manufacturing. Similarly, metal furniture manufacturing uses techniques that are also employed in the manufacturing of roll-formed PRODUCTS classified in division 25 (Manufacture of fabricated metal products). The molding process for plastics furniture is similar to the molding of other plastics PRODUCTS. However, the manufacture of plastics furniture tends to be a specialized activity.

  • Division 33
    Repair and installation of machinery and equipment
    This division includes the specialized repair of goods produced in the manufacturing sector with the aim to restore machinery, equipment and other PRODUCTS to working order. The provision of general or routine maintenance (i.e. servicing) on such PRODUCTS to ensure they work efficiently and to prevent breakdown and unnecessary repairs is included.

    This division does only include specialized repair and maintenance activities. A substantial amount of repair is also done by manufacturers of machinery, equipment and other goods, in which case the classification of units engaged in these repair and manufacturing activities is done according to the value-added principle which would often assign these combined activities to the manufacture of the good. The same principle is applied for combined trade and repair.

    The rebuilding or remanufacturing of machinery and equipment is considered a manufacturing activity and included in other divisions of this section.

    Repair and maintenance of goods that are utilized as capital goods as well as consumer goods is typically classified as repair and maintenance of household goods (e.g. office and household furniture repair, see 9524).

    Also included in this division is the specialized installation of machinery. However, the installation of equipment that forms an integral part of buildings or similar structures, such as installation of electrical wiring, installation of escalators or installation of air-conditioning systems, is classified as construction.

    This division excludes the cleaning of industrial machinery (see class 8129) and the repair and maintenance of computers, communications equipment and household goods (see division 95).

  • Division 45
    Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles
    This division includes all activities (except manufacture and renting) related to motor vehicles and motorcycles, including lorries and trucks, such as the wholesale and retail sale of new and second-hand vehicles, the repair and maintenance of vehicles and the wholesale and retail sale of parts and accessories for motor vehicles and motorcycles. Also included are activities of commission agents involved in wholesale or retail sale of vehicles.
    This division also includes activities such as washing, polishing of vehicles etc.

    This division does not include the retail sale of automotive fuel and lubricating or cooling PRODUCTS or the renting of motor vehicles or motorcycles.

  • Division 46
    Wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles
    This division includes wholesale trade on own account or on a fee or contract basis (commission trade) related to domestic wholesale trade as well as international wholesale trade (import/export).

    Wholesale is the resale (sale without transformation) of new and used goods to retailers, business-to-business trade, such as to industrial, commercial, institutional or professional users, or resale to other wholesalers, or involves acting as an agent or broker in buying goods for, or selling goods to, such persons or companies. The principal types of businesses included are merchant wholesalers, i.e. wholesalers who take title to the goods they sell, such as wholesale merchants or jobbers, industrial distributors, exporters, importers, and cooperative buying associations, sales branches and sales offices (but not retail stores) that are maintained by manufacturing or mining units apart from their plants or mines for the purpose of marketing their PRODUCTS and that do not merely take orders to be filled by direct shipments from the plants or mines. Also included are merchandise brokers, commission merchants and agents and assemblers, buyers and cooperative associations engaged in the marketing of farm PRODUCTS.

    Wholesalers frequently physically assemble, sort and grade goods in large lots, break bulk, repack and redistribute in smaller lots, for example pharmaceuticals; store, refrigerate, deliver and install goods, engage in sales promotion for their customers and label design.

    This division excludes the wholesale of motor vehicles, caravans and motorcycles, as well as motor vehicle accessories (see division 45), the renting and leasing of goods (see division 77) and the packing of solid goods and bottling of liquid or gaseous goods, including blending and filtering, for third parties (see class 8292).

  • Division 47
    Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles
    This division includes the resale (sale without transformation) of new and used goods mainly to the general public for personal or household consumption or utilization, by shops, department stores, stalls, mail-order houses, hawkers and peddlers, consumer cooperatives etc.

    Retail trade is classified first by type of sale outlet (retail trade in stores: groups 471 to 477; retail trade not in stores: groups 478 and 479). Retail trade in stores includes the retail sale of used goods (class 4774). For retail sale in stores, there exists a further distinction between specialized retail sale (groups 472 to 477) and non-specialized retail sale (group 471). The above groups are further subdivided by the range of PRODUCTS sold. Sale not via stores is subdivided according to the forms of trade, such as retail sale via stalls and markets (group 478) and other non-store retail sale, e.g. mail order, door-to-door, by vending machines etc. (group 479).

    The goods sold in this division are limited to goods usually referred to as consumer goods or retail goods. Therefore goods not usually entering the retail trade, such as cereal grains, ores, industrial machinery etc., are excluded. This division also includes units engaged primarily in selling to the general public, from displayed goods, PRODUCTS such as personal computers, stationery, paint or timber, although these sales may not be for personal or household use. Some processing of goods may be involved, but only incidental to selling, e.g. sorting or repackaging of goods, installation of a domestic appliance etc.

    This division also includes the retail sale by commission agents and activities of retail auctioning houses.

    This division excludes:
    ~ sale of farmers' PRODUCTS by farmers, see division 01
    ~ manufacture and sale of goods, which is generally classified as manufacturing in divisions 10-32
    ~ sale of motor vehicles, motorcycles and their parts, see division 45
    ~ trade in cereal grains, ores, crude petroleum, industrial chemicals, iron and steel and industrial machinery and equipment, see division 46
    ~ sale of food and drinks for consumption on the premises and sale of takeaway food, see division 56
    ~ renting of personal and household goods to the general public, see group 772

  • Division 56
    Food and beverage service activities
    This division includes food and beverage serving activities providing complete meals or drinks fit for immediate consumption, whether in traditional restaurants, self-service or take-away restaurants, whether as permanent or temporary stands with or without seating. Decisive is the fact that meals fit for immediate consumption are offered, not the kind of facility providing them.

    Excluded is the production of meals not fit for immediate consumption or not planned to be consumed immediately or of prepared food which is not considered to be a meal (see divisions 10: Manufacture of food PRODUCTS and 11: Manufacture of beverages). Also excluded is the sale of not self-manufactured food that is not considered to be a meal or of meals that are not fit for immediate consumption (see section G: Wholesale and retail trade; ...).

  • Division 58
    Publishing activities
    This division includes the publishing of books, brochures, leaflets, dictionaries, encyclopaedias, atlases, maps and charts; publishing of newspapers, journals and periodicals; directory and mailing list and other publishing, as well as software publishing.

    Publishing includes the acquisition of copyrights to content (information products) and making this content available to the general public by engaging in (or arranging for) the reproduction and distribution of this content in various forms. All the feasible forms of publishing (in print, electronic or audio form, on the Internet, as multimedia PRODUCTS such as CD-ROM reference books etc.), except publishing of motion pictures, are included in this division.

    This division excludes the publishing of motion pictures, video tapes and movies on DVD or similar media (division 59) and the production of master copies for records or audio material (division 59). Also excluded are printing (see 1811) and the mass reproduction of recorded media (see 1820).

  • Division 72
    Scientific research and development
    This division includes the activities of three types of research and development: 1) basic research: experimental or theoretical work undertaken primarily to acquire new knowledge of the underlying foundations of phenomena and observable facts, without particular application or use in view, 2) applied research: original investigation undertaken in order to acquire new knowledge, directed primarily towards a specific practical aim or objective and 3) experimental development: systematic work, drawing on existing knowledge gained from research and/or practical experience, directed to producing new materials, PRODUCTS and devices, to installing new processes, systems and services, and to improving substantially those already produced or installed.

    Research and experimental development activities in this division are subdivided into two categories: natural sciences and engineering; social sciences and the humanities.

    This division excludes market research (see class 7320).

  • Division 77
    Rental and leasing activities
    This division includes the renting and leasing of tangible and non-financial intangible assets, including a wide array of tangible goods, such as automobiles, computers, consumer goods and industrial machinery and equipment to customers in return for a periodic rental or lease payment. It is subdivided into: (1) the renting of motor vehicles, (2) the renting of recreational and sports equipment and personal and household equipment, (3) the leasing of other machinery and equipment of the kind often used for business operations, including other transport equipment and (4) the leasing of intellectual property PRODUCTS and similar PRODUCTS.

    Only the provision of operating leases is included in this division.

    This division excludes financial leasing activities (see class 6491), renting of real estate (see section L) and the renting of equipment with operator. The latter is classified according to the activities carried out with this equipment, e.g. construction (section F) or transportation (section H).

  • Section A
    Agriculture, forestry and fishing
    This section includes the exploitation of vegetal and animal natural resources, comprising the activities of growing of crops, raising and breeding of animals, harvesting of timber and other plants, animals or animal PRODUCTS from a farm or their natural habitats.
  • Section B
    Mining and quarrying
    This section includes the extraction of minerals occurring naturally as solids (coal and ores), liquids (petroleum) or gases (natural gas). Extraction can be achieved by different methods such as underground or surface mining, well operation, seabed mining etc.
    This section also includes supplementary activities aimed at preparing the crude materials for marketing, for example, crushing, grinding, cleaning, drying, sorting, concentrating ores, liquefaction of natural gas and agglomeration of solid fuels. These operations are often carried out by the units that extracted the resource and/or others located nearby.
    Mining activities are classified into divisions, groups and classes on the basis of the principal mineral produced. Divisions 05, 06 are concerned with mining and quarrying of fossil fuels (coal, lignite, petroleum, gas); divisions 07, 08 concern metal ores, various minerals and quarry PRODUCTS.
    Some of the technical operations of this section, particularly related to the extraction of hydrocarbons, may also be carried out for third parties by specialized units as an industrial service, which is reflected in division 09.

    This section excludes the processing of the extracted materials (see section C - Manufacturing), which also covers the bottling of natural spring and mineral waters at springs and wells (see class 1104) or the crushing, grinding or otherwise treating certain earths, rocks and minerals not carried out in conjunction with mining and quarrying (see class 2399). This section also excludes the usage of the extracted materials without a further transformation for construction purposes (see section F - Construction), the collection, purification and distribution of water (see class 3600), separate site preparation activities for mining (see class 4312) and geophysical, geologic and seismic surveying activities (see class 7110).

  • Section C
    Manufacturing
    This section includes the physical or chemical transformation of materials, substances, or components into new PRODUCTS, although this cannot be used as the single universal criterion for defining manufacturing (see remark on processing of waste below). The materials, substances, or components transformed are raw materials that are PRODUCTS of agriculture, forestry, fishing, mining or quarrying as well as PRODUCTS of other manufacturing activities. Substantial alteration, renovation or reconstruction of goods is generally considered to be manufacturing.

    Units engaged in manufacturing are often described as plants, factories or mills and characteristically use power-driven machines and materials-handling equipment. However, units that transform materials or substances into new PRODUCTS by hand or in the worker's home and those engaged in selling to the general public of PRODUCTS made on the same premises from which they are sold, such as bakeries and custom tailors, are also included in this section. Manufacturing units may process materials or may contract with other units to process their materials for them. Both types of units are included in manufacturing.

    The output of a manufacturing process may be finished in the sense that it is ready for utilization or consumption, or it may be semi-finished in the sense that it is to become an input for further manufacturing. For example, the output of alumina refining is the input used in the primary production of aluminium; primary aluminium is the input to aluminium wire drawing; and aluminium wire is the input for the manufacture of fabricated wire PRODUCTS.

    Manufacture of specialized components and parts of, and accessories and attachments to, machinery and equipment is, as a general rule, classified in the same class as the manufacture of the machinery and equipment for which the parts and accessories are intended. Manufacture of unspecialized components and parts of machinery and equipment, e.g. engines, pistons, electric motors, electrical assemblies, valves, gears, roller bearings, is classified in the appropriate class of manufacturing, without regard to the machinery and equipment in which these items may be included. However, making specialized components and accessories by moulding or extruding plastics materials is included in class 2220.

    Assembly of the component parts of manufactured PRODUCTS is considered manufacturing. This includes the assembly of manufactured PRODUCTS from either self-produced or purchased components.

    The recovery of waste, i.e. the processing of waste into secondary raw materials is classified in class 3830 (Materials recovery). While this may involve physical or chemical transformations, this is not considered to be a part of manufacturing. The primary purpose of these activities is considered to be the treatment or processing of waste and they are therefore classified in Section E (Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities). However, the manufacture of new final PRODUCTS (as opposed to secondary raw materials) is classified in manufacturing, even if these processes use waste as an input. For example, the production of silver from film waste is considered to be a manufacturing process.

    Specialized maintenance and repair of industrial, commercial and similar machinery and equipment is, in general, classified in division 33 (Repair, maintenance and installation of machinery and equipment). However, the repair of computers and personal and household goods is classified in division 95 (Repair of computers and personal and household goods), while the repair of motor vehicles is classified in division 45 (Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles).

    The installation of machinery and equipment, when carried out as a specialized activity, is classified in 3320.

    Remark: The boundaries of manufacturing and the other sectors of the classification system can be somewhat blurry.

  • Section G
    Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles
    This section includes wholesale and retail sale (i.e. sale without transformation) of any type of goods and the rendering of services incidental to the sale of these goods. Wholesaling and retailing are the final steps in the distribution of goods. Goods bought and sold are also referred to as merchandise.

    Also included in this section are the repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles.

    Sale without transformation is considered to include the usual operations (or manipulations) associated with trade, for example sorting, grading and assembling of goods, mixing (blending) of goods (for example sand), bottling (with or without preceding bottle cleaning), packing, breaking bulk and repacking for distribution in smaller lots, storage (whether or not frozen or chilled), cleaning and drying of agricultural PRODUCTS, cutting out of wood fibreboards or metal sheets as secondary activities.

    Division 45 includes all activities related to the sale and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles, while divisions 46 and 47 include all other sale activities. The distinction between division 46 (wholesale) and division 47 (retail sale) is based on the predominant type of customer.

    Wholesale is the resale (sale without transformation) of new and used goods to retailers, to industrial, commercial, institutional or professional users, or to other wholesalers, or involves acting as an agent or broker in buying goods for, or selling goods to, such persons or companies. The principal types of businesses included are merchant wholesalers, i.e. wholesalers who take title to the goods they sell, such as wholesale merchants or jobbers, industrial distributors, exporters, importers, and cooperative buying associations, sales branches and sales offices (but not retail stores) that are maintained by manufacturing or mining units apart from their plants or mines for the purpose of marketing their PRODUCTS and that do not merely take orders to be filled by direct shipments from the plants or mines. Also included are merchandise brokers, commission merchants and agents and assemblers, buyers and cooperative associations engaged in the marketing of farm PRODUCTS. Wholesalers frequently physically assemble, sort and grade goods in large lots, break bulk, repack and redistribute in smaller lots, for example pharmaceuticals; store, refrigerate, deliver and install goods, engage in sales promotion for their customers and label design.

    Retailing is the resale (sale without transformation) of new and used goods mainly to the general public for personal or household consumption or utilization, by shops, department stores, stalls, mail-order houses, door-to-door sales persons, hawkers and peddlers, consumer cooperatives, auction houses etc. Most retailers take title to the goods they sell, but some act as agents for a principal and sell either on consignment or on a commission basis.

  • Section J
    Information and communication
    This section includes the production and distribution of information and cultural PRODUCTS, the provision of the means to transmit or distribute these PRODUCTS, as well as data or communications, information technology activities and the processing of data and other information service activities.

    The main components of this section are publishing activities (division 58), including software publishing, motion picture and sound recording activities (division 59), radio and TV broadcasting and programming activities (division 60), telecommunications activities (division 61) and information technology activities (division 62) and other information service activities (division 63).

    Publishing includes the acquisition of copyrights to content (information products) and making this content available to the general public by engaging in (or arranging for) the reproduction and distribution of this content in various forms. All the feasible forms of publishing (in print, electronic or audio form, on the internet, as multimedia PRODUCTS such as CD-ROM reference books etc.) are included in this section.

    Activities related to production and distribution of TV programming span divisions 59, 60 and 61, reflecting different stages in this process. Individual components, such as movies, television series etc. are produced by activities in division 59, while the creation of a complete television channel programme, from components produced in division 59 or other components (such as live news programming) is included in division 60. Division 60 also includes the broadcasting of this programme by the producer. The distribution of the complete television programme by third parties, i.e. without any alteration of the content, is included in division 61. This distribution in division 61 can be done through broadcasting, satellite or cable systems.