SIC CODES

SIC Codes containing "palabra"

Enter here and view the list of Economic Activities that contain the word: manufacture

SIC items for manufacture

There are 214 Economic Activities in all levels that containg the word "MANUFACTURE" in their name or detailed description. Have you that what you are searching for?

  • Class 1030
    Processing and preserving of fruit and vegetables
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of food consisting chiefly of fruit or vegetables, except ready-made dishes in frozen or canned form
    ~ preserving of fruit, nuts or vegetables: freezing, drying, immersing in oil or in vinegar, canning etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of fruit or vegetable food products
    ~ MANUFACTURE of fruit or vegetable juices
    ~ MANUFACTURE of jams, marmalades and table jellies
    ~ processing and preserving of potatoes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of prepared frozen potatoes
    ~ MANUFACTURE of dehydrated mashed potatoes
    ~ MANUFACTURE of potato snacks
    ~ MANUFACTURE of potato crisps
    ~ MANUFACTURE of potato flour and meal
    ~ roasting of nuts
    ~ MANUFACTURE of nut foods and pastes

    This class also includes:
    ~ industrial peeling of potatoes
    ~ production of concentrates from fresh fruits and vegetables
    ~ MANUFACTURE of perishable prepared foods of fruit and vegetables, such as:
    ~ salads
    ~ peeled or cut vegetables
    ~ tofu (bean curd)

  • Class 1040
    Manufacture of vegetable and animal oils and fats
    This class includes the MANUFACTURE of crude and refined oils and fats from vegetable or animal materials, except rendering or refining of lard and other edible animal fats.

    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of crude vegetable oils: olive oil, soya-bean oil, palm oil, sunflower-seed oil, cotton-seed oil, rape, colza or mustard oil, linseed oil etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of non-defatted flour or meal of oilseeds, oil nuts or oil kernels
    ~ MANUFACTURE of refined vegetable oils: olive oil, soya-bean oil etc.
    ~ processing of vegetable oils: blowing, boiling, dehydration, hydrogenation etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of margarine
    ~ MANUFACTURE of melanges and similar spreads
    ~ MANUFACTURE of compound cooking fats

    This class also includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of non-edible animal oils and fats
    ~ extraction of fish and marine mammal oils
    ~ production of cotton linters, oilcakes and other residual products of oil production

  • Class 1050
    Manufacture of dairy products
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of fresh liquid milk, pasteurized, sterilized, homogenized and/or ultra heat treated
    ~ MANUFACTURE of milk-based drinks
    ~ MANUFACTURE of cream from fresh liquid milk, pasteurized, sterilized, homogenized
    ~ MANUFACTURE of dried or concentrated milk whether or not sweetened
    ~ MANUFACTURE of milk or cream in solid form
    ~ MANUFACTURE of butter
    ~ MANUFACTURE of yoghurt
    ~ MANUFACTURE of cheese and curd
    ~ MANUFACTURE of whey
    ~ MANUFACTURE of casein or lactose
    ~ MANUFACTURE of ice cream and other edible ice such as sorbet

  • Class 1062
    Manufacture of starches and starch products
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of starches from rice, potatoes, maize etc.
    ~ wet corn milling
    ~ MANUFACTURE of glucose, glucose syrup, maltose, inulin etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of gluten
    ~ MANUFACTURE of tapioca and tapioca substitutes prepared from starch
    ~ MANUFACTURE of corn oil


  • Class 1061
    Manufacture of grain mill products
    This class includes:
    ~ grain milling: production of flour, groats, meal or pellets of wheat, rye, oats, maize (corn) or other cereal grains
    ~ rice milling: production of husked, milled, polished, glazed, parboiled or converted rice; production of rice flour
    ~ vegetable milling: production of flour or meal of dried leguminous vegetables, of roots or tubers, or of edible nuts
    ~ MANUFACTURE of cereal breakfast foods
    ~ MANUFACTURE of flour mixes and prepared blended flour and dough for bread, cakes, biscuits or pancakes

  • Class 1071
    Manufacture of bakery products
    This class includes the MANUFACTURE of fresh, frozen or dry bakery products.

    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of bread and rolls
    ~ MANUFACTURE of fresh pastry, cakes, pies, tarts etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of rusks, biscuits and other dry bakery products
    ~ MANUFACTURE of preserved pastry goods and cakes
    ~ MANUFACTURE of snack products (cookies, crackers, pretzels etc.), whether sweet or salted
    ~ MANUFACTURE of tortillas
    ~ MANUFACTURE of frozen bakery products: pancakes, waffles, rolls etc.

  • Class 1072
    Manufacture of sugar
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE or refining of sugar (sucrose) and sugar substitutes from the juice of cane, beet, maple and palm
    ~ MANUFACTURE of sugar syrups
    ~ MANUFACTURE of molasses
    ~ production of maple syrup and sugar

  • Class 1073
    Manufacture of cocoa, chocolate and sugar confectionery
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of cocoa, cocoa butter, cocoa fat, cocoa oil
    ~ MANUFACTURE of chocolate and chocolate confectionery
    ~ MANUFACTURE of sugar confectionery: caramels, cachous, nougats, fondant, white chocolate
    ~ MANUFACTURE of chewing gum
    ~ preserving in sugar of fruit, nuts, fruit peels and other parts of plants
    ~ MANUFACTURE of confectionery lozenges and pastilles

  • Class 1074
    Manufacture of macaroni, noodles, couscous and similar farinaceous products
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of pastas such as macaroni and noodles, whether or not cooked or stuffed
    ~ MANUFACTURE of couscous
    ~ MANUFACTURE of canned or frozen pasta products

  • Class 1101
    Distilling, rectifying and blending of spirits
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of distilled, potable, alcoholic beverages: whisky, brandy, gin, liqueurs, mixed drinks, etc.
    ~ blending of distilled spirits
    ~ production of neutral spirits


  • Class 1103
    Manufacture of malt liquors and malt
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of malt liquors, such as beer, ale, porter and stout
    ~ MANUFACTURE of malt

    This class also includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of low alcohol or non-alcoholic beer

  • Class 1075
    Manufacture of prepared meals and dishes
    This class includes the MANUFACTURE of ready-made (i.e. prepared, seasoned and cooked) meals and dishes. These dishes are processed to preserve them, such as in frozen or canned form, and are usually packaged and labeled for re-sale, i.e. this class does not include the preparation of meals for immediate consumption, such as in restaurants. To be considered a dish, these foods have to contain at least two distinct main ingredients (except seasonings etc.).

    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of meat or poultry dishes
    ~ MANUFACTURE of fish dishes, including fish and chips
    ~ MANUFACTURE of prepared dishes of vegetables
    ~ MANUFACTURE of canned stews and vacuum-prepared meals
    ~ MANUFACTURE of other prepared meals (such as TV dinners, etc.)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of frozen or otherwise preserved pizza

  • Class 1079
    Manufacture of other food products n.e.c.
    This class includes:
    ~ decaffeinating and roasting of coffee
    ~ production of coffee products:
    ~ ground coffee
    ~ soluble coffee
    ~ extracts and concentrates of coffee
    ~ MANUFACTURE of coffee substitutes
    ~ blending of tea and maté
    ~ MANUFACTURE of extracts and preparations based on tea or maté
    ~ MANUFACTURE of soups and broths
    ~ MANUFACTURE of special foods, such as:
    ~ infant formula
    ~ follow up milks and other follow up foods
    ~ baby foods
    ~ foods containing homogenized ingredients
    ~ MANUFACTURE of spices, sauces and condiments:
    ~ mayonnaise
    ~ mustard flour and meal
    ~ prepared mustard etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of vinegar
    ~ MANUFACTURE of artificial honey and caramel
    ~ MANUFACTURE of perishable prepared foods, such as:
    ~ sandwiches
    ~ fresh (uncooked) pizza

    This class also includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of herb infusions (mint, vervain, chamomile etc.)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of yeast
    ~ MANUFACTURE of extracts and juices of meat, fish, crustaceans or molluscs
    ~ MANUFACTURE of non-dairy milk and cheese substitutes
    ~ MANUFACTURE of egg products, egg albumin
    ~ processing of salt into food-grade salt, e.g. iodized salt
    ~ MANUFACTURE of artificial concentrates

  • Class 1080
    Manufacture of prepared animal feeds
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of prepared feeds for pets, including dogs, cats, birds, fish etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of prepared feeds for farm animals, including animal feed concentrates and feed supplements
    ~ preparation of unmixed (single) feeds for farm animals

    This class also includes:
    ~ treatment of slaughter waste to produce animal feeds

  • Class 1200
    Manufacture of tobacco products
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of tobacco products and products of tobacco substitutes: cigarettes, cigarette tobacco, cigars, pipe tobacco, chewing tobacco, snuff
    ~ MANUFACTURE of homogenized or reconstituted tobacco

    This class also includes:
    ~ stemming and redrying of tobacco

  • Class 1393
    Manufacture of carpets and rugs
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of textile floor coverings:
    ~ carpets, rugs and mats, tiles

    This class also includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of needle-loom felt floor coverings

  • Class 1102
    Manufacture of wines
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of wine
    ~ MANUFACTURE of sparkling wine
    ~ MANUFACTURE of wine from concentrated grape must
    ~ MANUFACTURE of fermented but not distilled alcoholic beverages: sake, cider, perry, mead, other fruit wines and mixed beverages containing alcohol
    ~ MANUFACTURE of vermouth and the like

    This class also includes:
    ~ blending of wine
    ~ MANUFACTURE of low or non-alcoholic wine

  • Class 1104
    Manufacture of soft drinks; production of mineral waters and other bottled waters
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of non-alcoholic beverages, except non-alcoholic beer and wine
    ~ production of natural mineral waters and other bottled waters
    ~ MANUFACTURE of soft drinks:
    ~ non-alcoholic flavoured and/or sweetened waters: lemonade, orangeade, cola, fruit drinks, tonic waters etc.


  • Class 1430
    Manufacture of knitted and crocheted apparel
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of knitted or crocheted wearing apparel and other made-up articles directly into shape: pullovers, cardigans, jerseys, waistcoats and similar articles
    ~ MANUFACTURE of hosiery, including socks, tights and pantyhose

  • Class 1623
    Manufacture of wooden containers
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of packing cases, boxes, crates, drums and similar packings of wood
    ~ MANUFACTURE of pallets, box pallets and other load boards of wood
    ~ MANUFACTURE of barrels, vats, tubs and other coopers' products of wood
    ~ MANUFACTURE of wooden cable-drums

  • Class 1311
    Preparation and spinning of textile fibres
    This class includes:
    ~ preparatory operations on textile fibres:
    ~ reeling and washing of silk
    ~ degreasing and carbonizing of wool and dyeing of wool fleece
    ~ carding and combing of all kinds of animal, vegetable and man-made fibres
    ~ spinning and MANUFACTURE of yarn or thread for weaving or sewing, for the trade or for further processing:
    ~ texturizing, twisting, folding, cabling and dipping of synthetic or artificial filament yarns

    This class also includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of paper yarn

  • Class 1312
    Weaving of textiles
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of broad woven cotton-type, woollen-type, worsted-type or silk-type fabrics, including from mixtures or artificial or synthetic yarns
    ~ MANUFACTURE of other broad woven fabrics, using flax, ramie, hemp, jute, bast fibres and special yarns

    This class also includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of woven pile or chenille fabrics, terry towelling, gauze etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of woven fabrics of glass fibres
    ~ MANUFACTURE of woven fabrics of carbon and aramid threads
    ~ MANUFACTURE of imitation fur by weaving

  • Class 1391
    Manufacture of knitted and crocheted fabrics
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE and processing of knitted or crocheted fabrics:
    ~ pile and terry fabrics
    ~ net and window furnishing type fabrics knitted on Raschel or similar machines
    ~ other knitted or crocheted fabrics

    This class also includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of imitation fur by knitting

  • Class 1392
    Manufacture of made-up textile articles, except apparel
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE, of made-up articles of any textile material, including of knitted or crocheted fabrics:
    ~ blankets, including travelling rugs
    ~ bed, table, toilet or kitchen linen
    ~ quilts, eiderdowns, cushions, pouffes, pillows, sleeping bags etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of made-up furnishing articles:
    ~ curtains, valances, blinds, bedspreads, furniture or machine covers etc.
    ~ tarpaulins, tents, camping goods, sails, sunblinds, loose covers for cars, machines or furniture etc.
    ~ flags, banners, pennants etc.
    ~ dust cloths, dishcloths and similar articles, life jackets, parachutes etc.

    This class also includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of the textile part of electric blankets
    ~ MANUFACTURE of hand-woven tapestries
    ~ MANUFACTURE of tire covers

  • Class 1910
    Manufacture of coke oven products
    This class includes:
    ~ operation of coke ovens
    ~ production of coke and semi-coke
    ~ production of pitch and pitch coke
    ~ production of coke oven gas
    ~ production of crude coal and lignite tars
    ~ agglomeration of coke

  • Class 2021
    Manufacture of pesticides and other agrochemical products
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of insecticides, rodenticides, fungicides, herbicides
    ~ MANUFACTURE of anti-sprouting products, plant growth regulators
    ~ MANUFACTURE of disinfectants (for agricultural and other use)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of other agrochemical products n.e.c.

  • Class 1394
    Manufacture of cordage, rope, twine and netting
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of twine, cordage, rope and cables of textile fibres or strip or the like, whether or not impregnated, coated, covered or sheathed with rubber or plastics
    ~ MANUFACTURE of knotted netting of twine, cordage or rope
    ~ MANUFACTURE of products of rope or netting: fishing nets, ships' fenders, unloading cushions, loading slings, rope or cable fitted with metal rings etc.

  • Class 1399
    Manufacture of other textiles n.e.c.
    This class includes all activities related to the MANUFACTURE of textiles or textile products, not specified elsewhere in division 13 or 14, involving a large number of processes and a great variety of goods produced.

    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of narrow woven fabrics, including fabrics consisting of warp without weft assembled by means of an adhesive
    ~ MANUFACTURE of labels, badges etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of ornamental trimmings: braids, tassels, pompons etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of felt
    ~ MANUFACTURE of tulles and other net fabrics, and of lace and embroidery, in the piece, in strips or in motifs
    ~ MANUFACTURE of fabrics impregnated, coated, covered or laminated with plastics
    ~ MANUFACTURE of metallized yarn or gimped yarn, rubber thread and cord covered with textile material, textile yarn or strip covered, impregnated, coated or sheathed with rubber or plastics
    ~ MANUFACTURE of tyre cord fabric of high-tenacity man-made yarn
    ~ MANUFACTURE of other treated or coated fabrics: tracing cloth, canvas prepared for use by painters, buckram and similar stiffened textile fabrics, fabrics coated with gum or amylaceous substances
    ~ MANUFACTURE of diverse textile articles: textile wicks, incandescent gas mantles and tubular gas mantle fabric, hosepiping, transmission or conveyor belts or belting (whether or not reinforced with metal or other material), bolting cloth, straining cloth
    ~ MANUFACTURE of automotive trimmings
    ~ MANUFACTURE of pressure sensitive cloth-tape
    ~ MANUFACTURE of artists' canvas boards and tracing cloth
    ~ MANUFACTURE of shoe-lace, of textiles
    ~ MANUFACTURE of powder puffs and mitts

  • Class 1410
    Manufacture of wearing apparel, except fur apparel
    This class includes the MANUFACTURE of wearing apparel. The material used may be of any kind (see below for exceptions) and may be coated, impregnated or rubberized.

    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of wearing apparel made of leather or composition leather, including leather industrial work accessories such as welder's leather aprons
    ~ MANUFACTURE of work wear
    ~ MANUFACTURE of other outerwear made of woven, knitted or crocheted fabric, non-wovens etc. for men, women and children:
    ~ coats, suits, ensembles, jackets, trousers, skirts etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of underwear and nightwear made of woven, knitted or crocheted fabric, lace etc. for men, women and children:
    ~ shirts, T-shirts, underpants, briefs, pyjamas, nightdresses, dressing gowns, blouses, slips, brassieres, corsets etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of babies' garments, tracksuits, ski suits, swimwear etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of hats and caps
    ~ MANUFACTURE of other clothing accessories: gloves, belts, shawls, ties, cravats, hairnets etc.

    This class also includes:
    ~ custom tailoring
    ~ MANUFACTURE of headgear of fur skins
    ~ MANUFACTURE of footwear of textile material without applied soles
    ~ MANUFACTURE of parts of the products listed

  • Class 1420
    Manufacture of articles of fur
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of articles made of fur skins:
    ~ fur wearing apparel and clothing accessories
    ~ assemblies of fur skins such as dropped fur skins, plates, mats, strips etc.
    ~ diverse articles of fur skins: rugs, unstuffed pouffes, industrial polishing cloths

  • Class 2396
    Cutting, shaping and finishing of stone
    This class includes:
    ~ cutting, shaping and finishing of stone for use in construction, in cemeteries, on roads, as roofing etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of stone furniture

  • Class 1511
    Tanning and dressing of leather; dressing and dyeing of fur
    This class includes:
    ~ tanning, dyeing and dressing of hides and skins
    ~ MANUFACTURE of chamois dressed, parchment dressed, patent or metallized leathers
    ~ MANUFACTURE of composition leather
    ~ scraping, shearing, plucking, currying, tanning, bleaching and dyeing of fur skins and hides with the hair on

  • Class 1512
    Manufacture of luggage, handbags and the like, saddlery and harness
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of luggage, handbags and the like, of leather, composition leather or any other material, such as plastic sheeting, textile materials, vulcanized fibre or paperboard, where the same technology is used as for leather
    ~ MANUFACTURE of saddlery and harness
    ~ MANUFACTURE of non-metallic watch bands (e.g. fabric, leather, plastic)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of diverse articles of leather or composition leather: driving belts, packings etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of shoe-lace, of leather
    ~ MANUFACTURE of horse whips and riding crops

  • Class 1520
    Manufacture of footwear
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of footwear for all purposes, of any material, by any process, including moulding (see below for exceptions)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of leather parts of footwear: MANUFACTURE of uppers and parts of uppers, outer and inner soles, heels etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of gaiters, leggings and similar articles

  • Class 1610
    Sawmilling and planing of wood
    This class includes:
    ~ sawing, planing and machining of wood
    ~ slicing, peeling or chipping logs
    ~ MANUFACTURE of wooden railway sleepers
    ~ MANUFACTURE of unassembled wooden flooring
    ~ MANUFACTURE of wood wool, wood flour, chips, particles

    This class also includes:
    ~ drying of wood
    ~ impregnation or chemical treatment of wood with preservatives or other materials

  • Class 1621
    Manufacture of veneer sheets and wood-based panels
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of veneer sheets thin enough to be used for veneering, making plywood or other purposes:
    ~ smoothed, dyed, coated, impregnated, reinforced (with paper or fabric backing)
    ~ made in the form of motifs
    ~ MANUFACTURE of plywood, veneer panels and similar laminated wood boards and sheets
    ~ MANUFACTURE of particle board and fibreboard
    ~ MANUFACTURE of densified wood
    ~ MANUFACTURE of glue laminated wood, laminated veneer wood

  • Class 1622
    Manufacture of builders' carpentry and joinery
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of wooden goods intended to be used primarily in the construction industry:
    ~ beams, rafters, roof struts
    ~ glue-laminated or metal connected prefabricated wooden roof trusses
    ~ doors, windows, shutters and their frames, whether or not containing metal fittings, such as hinges, locks etc.
    ~ stairs, railings
    ~ wooden beadings and mouldings, shingles and shakes
    ~ parquet floor blocks, strips etc., assembled into panels
    ~ MANUFACTURE of prefabricated buildings, or elements thereof, predominantly of wood
    ~ MANUFACTURE of mobile homes
    ~ MANUFACTURE of wood partitions (except free standing)

  • Class 2731
    Manufacture of fibre optic cables
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of fiber optic cable for data transmission or live transmission of images

  • Class 2732
    Manufacture of other electronic and electric wires and cables
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of insulated wire and cable, made of steel, copper, aluminium

  • Class 1629
    Manufacture of other products of wood; MANUFACTURE of articles of cork, straw and plaiting materials
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of various wood products:
    ~ wooden handles and bodies for tools, brooms, brushes
    ~ wooden boot or shoe parts (e.g. heels)
    ~ wooden boot or shoe lasts and trees
    ~ wooden clothes hangers
    ~ wooden mirror and picture frames
    ~ wooden frames for artists' canvases
    ~ household utensils and kitchenware of wood
    ~ wooden statuettes and ornaments, wood marquetry, inlaid wood
    ~ wooden cases for jewellery, cutlery and similar articles
    ~ wooden spools, cops, bobbins, sewing thread reels and similar articles of turned wood
    ~ wooden handles for umbrellas, canes and similar
    ~ wooden blocks for the MANUFACTURE of smoking pipes
    ~ other articles of wood
    ~ natural cork processing, MANUFACTURE of agglomerated cork
    ~ MANUFACTURE of articles of natural or agglomerated cork, including floor coverings
    ~ MANUFACTURE of plaits and products of plaiting materials: mats, matting, screens, cases etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of basket-ware and wickerwork
    ~ MANUFACTURE of fire logs, made of pressed wood or substitute materials like coffee or soybean grounds

  • Class 1701
    Manufacture of pulp, paper and paperboard
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of bleached, semi-bleached or unbleached paper pulp by mechanical, chemical (dissolving or non-dissolving) or semi-chemical processes
    ~ MANUFACTURE of cotton-linters pulp
    ~ removal of ink and MANUFACTURE of pulp from waste paper
    ~ MANUFACTURE of paper and paperboard intended for further industrial processing

    This class also includes:
    ~ further processing of paper and paperboard:
    ~ coating, covering and impregnating of paper and paperboard
    ~ MANUFACTURE of crêped or crinkled paper
    ~ MANUFACTURE of laminates and foils, if laminated with paper or paperboard
    ~ MANUFACTURE of handmade paper
    ~ MANUFACTURE of newsprint and other printing or writing paper
    ~ MANUFACTURE of cellulose wadding and webs of cellulose fibres
    ~ MANUFACTURE of carbon paper or stencil paper in rolls or large sheets

  • Class 1702
    Manufacture of corrugated paper and paperboard and of containers of paper and paperboard
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of corrugated paper and paperboard
    ~ MANUFACTURE of containers of corrugated paper or paperboard
    ~ MANUFACTURE of folding paperboard containers
    ~ MANUFACTURE of containers of solid board
    ~ MANUFACTURE of other containers of paper and paperboard
    ~ MANUFACTURE of sacks and bags of paper
    ~ MANUFACTURE of office box files and similar articles

  • Class 1709
    Manufacture of other articles of paper and paperboard
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of household and personal hygiene paper and cellulose wadding products:
    ~ cleansing tissues
    ~ handkerchiefs, towels, serviettes
    ~ toilet paper
    ~ sanitary towels and tampons, napkins and napkin liners for babies
    ~ cups, dishes and trays
    ~ MANUFACTURE of textile wadding and articles of wadding: sanitary towels, tampons etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of printing and writing paper ready for use
    ~ MANUFACTURE of computer printout paper ready for use
    ~ MANUFACTURE of self-copy paper ready for use
    ~ MANUFACTURE of duplicator stencils and carbon paper ready for use
    ~ MANUFACTURE of gummed or adhesive paper ready for use
    ~ MANUFACTURE of envelopes and letter-cards
    ~ MANUFACTURE of registers, accounting books, binders, albums and similar educational and commercial stationery
    ~ MANUFACTURE of boxes, pouches, wallets and writing compendiums containing an assortment of paper stationery
    ~ MANUFACTURE of wallpaper and similar wall coverings, including vinyl-coated and textile wallpaper
    ~ MANUFACTURE of labels
    ~ MANUFACTURE of filter paper and paperboard
    ~ MANUFACTURE of paper and paperboard bobbins, spools, cops etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of egg trays and other moulded pulp packaging products etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of paper novelties

  • Class 2823
    Manufacture of machinery for metallurgy
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of machines and equipment for handling hot metals:
    ~ converters, ingot moulds, ladles, casting machines
    ~ MANUFACTURE of metal-rolling mills and rolls for such mills

  • Class 1920
    Manufacture of refined petroleum products
    This class includes the MANUFACTURE of liquid or gaseous fuels or other products from crude petroleum, bituminous minerals or their fractionation products. Petroleum refining involves one or more of the following activities: fractionation, straight distillation of crude oil, and cracking.

    This class includes:
    ~ production of motor fuel: gasoline, kerosene etc.
    ~ production of fuel: light, medium and heavy fuel oil, refinery gases such as ethane, propane, butane etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of oil-based lubricating oils or greases, including from waste oil
    ~ MANUFACTURE of products for the petrochemical industry and for the MANUFACTURE of road coverings
    ~ MANUFACTURE of various products: white spirit, Vaseline, paraffin wax, petroleum jelly etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of hard-coal and lignite fuel briquettes
    ~ MANUFACTURE of petroleum briquettes
    ~ blending of biofuels, i.e. blending of alcohols with petroleum (e.g. gasohol)

  • Class 2012
    Manufacture of fertilizers and nitrogen compounds
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of fertilizers:
    ~ straight or complex nitrogenous, phosphatic or potassic fertilizers
    ~ urea, crude natural phosphates and crude natural potassium salts
    ~ MANUFACTURE of associated nitrogen products:
    ~ nitric and sulphonitric acids, ammonia, ammonium chloride, ammonium carbonate, nitrites and nitrates of potassium

    This class also includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of potting soil with peat as main constituent
    ~ MANUFACTURE of potting soil mixtures of natural soil, sand, clays and minerals

  • Class 2013
    Manufacture of plastics and synthetic rubber in primary forms
    This class includes the MANUFACTURE of resins, plastics materials and non-vulcanizable thermoplastic elastomers, the mixing and blending of resins on a custom basis, as well as the MANUFACTURE of non-customized synthetic resins.

    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of plastics in primary forms:
    ~ polymers, including those of ethylene, propylene, styrene, vinyl chloride, vinyl acetate and acrylics
    ~ polyamides
    ~ phenolic and epoxide resins and polyurethanes
    ~ alkyd and polyester resins and polyethers
    ~ silicones
    ~ ion-exchangers based on polymers
    ~ MANUFACTURE of synthetic rubber in primary forms:
    ~ synthetic rubber
    ~ factice
    ~ MANUFACTURE of mixtures of synthetic rubber and natural rubber or rubber-like gums (e.g. balata)

    This class also includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of cellulose and its chemical derivatives

  • Class 2011
    Manufacture of basic chemicals
    This class includes the MANUFACTURE of chemicals using basic processes, such as thermal cracking and distillation. The output of these processes are usually separate chemical elements or separate chemically defined compounds.

    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of liquefied or compressed inorganic industrial or medical gases:
    ~ elemental gases
    ~ liquid or compressed air
    ~ refrigerant gases
    ~ mixed industrial gases
    ~ inert gases such as carbon dioxide
    ~ isolating gases
    ~ MANUFACTURE of dyes and pigments from any source in basic form or as concentrate
    ~ MANUFACTURE of chemical elements
    ~ MANUFACTURE of inorganic acids except nitric acid
    ~ MANUFACTURE of alkalis, lyes and other inorganic bases except ammonia
    ~ MANUFACTURE of other inorganic compounds
    ~ MANUFACTURE of basic organic chemicals:
    ~ acyclic hydrocarbons, saturated and unsaturated
    ~ cyclic hydrocarbons, saturated and unsaturated
    ~ acyclic and cyclic alcohols
    ~ mono- and polycarboxylic acids, including acetic acid
    ~ other oxygen-function compounds, including aldehydes, ketones, quinones and dual or poly oxygen-function compounds
    ~ synthetic glycerol
    ~ nitrogen-function organic compounds, including amines
    ~ fermentation of sugarcane, corn or similar to produce alcohol and esters
    ~ other organic compounds, including wood distillation products (e.g. charcoal) etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of distilled water
    ~ MANUFACTURE of synthetic aromatic products
    ~ roasting of iron pyrites

    This class also includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of products of a kind used as fluorescent brightening agents or as luminophores
    ~ enrichment of uranium and thorium ores and production of fuel elements for nuclear reactors

  • Class 3040
    Manufacture of military fighting vehicles
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of tanks
    ~ MANUFACTURE of armored amphibious military vehicles
    ~ MANUFACTURE of other military fighting vehicles

  • Class 3091
    Manufacture of motorcycles
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of motorcycles, mopeds and cycles fitted with an auxiliary engine
    ~ MANUFACTURE of engines for motorcycles
    ~ MANUFACTURE of sidecars
    ~ MANUFACTURE of parts and accessories for motorcycles

  • Class 2022
    Manufacture of paints, varnishes and similar coatings, printing ink and mastics
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of paints and varnishes, enamels or lacquers
    ~ MANUFACTURE of prepared pigments and dyes, opacifiers and colours
    ~ MANUFACTURE of vitrifiable enamels and glazes and engobes and similar preparations
    ~ MANUFACTURE of mastics
    ~ MANUFACTURE of caulking compounds and similar non-refractory filling or surfacing preparations
    ~ MANUFACTURE of organic composite solvents and thinners
    ~ MANUFACTURE of prepared paint or varnish removers
    ~ MANUFACTURE of printing ink

  • Class 2023
    Manufacture of soap and detergents, cleaning and polishing preparations, perfumes and toilet preparations
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of organic surface-active agents
    ~ MANUFACTURE of soap
    ~ MANUFACTURE of paper, wadding, felt etc. coated or covered with soap or detergent
    ~ MANUFACTURE of crude glycerol
    ~ MANUFACTURE of surface-active preparations:
    ~ washing powders in solid or liquid form and detergents
    ~ dish-washing preparations
    ~ textile softeners
    ~ MANUFACTURE of cleaning and polishing products:
    ~ preparations for perfuming or deodorizing rooms
    ~ artificial waxes and prepared waxes
    ~ polishes and creams for leather
    ~ polishes and creams for wood
    ~ polishes for coachwork, glass and metal
    ~ scouring pastes and powders, including paper, wadding etc. coated or covered with these
    ~ MANUFACTURE of perfumes and toilet preparations:
    ~ perfumes and toilet water
    ~ beauty and make-up preparations
    ~ sunburn prevention and suntan preparations
    ~ manicure and pedicure preparations
    ~ shampoos, hair lacquers, waving and straightening preparations
    ~ dentifrices and preparations for oral hygiene, including denture fixative preparations
    ~ shaving preparations, including pre-shave and aftershave preparations
    ~ deodorants and bath salts
    ~ depilatories

  • Class 2029
    Manufacture of other chemical products n.e.c.
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of propellant powders
    ~ MANUFACTURE of explosives and pyrotechnic products, including percussion caps, detonators, signalling flares etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of gelatine and its derivatives, glues and prepared adhesives, including rubber-based glues and adhesives
    ~ MANUFACTURE of extracts of natural aromatic products
    ~ MANUFACTURE of resinoids
    ~ MANUFACTURE of aromatic distilled waters
    ~ MANUFACTURE of mixtures of odoriferous products for the MANUFACTURE of perfumes or food
    ~ MANUFACTURE of photographic plates, films, sensitized paper and other sensitized unexposed materials
    ~ MANUFACTURE of chemical preparations for photographic uses
    ~ MANUFACTURE of various chemical products:
    ~ peptones, peptone derivatives, other protein substances and their derivatives n.e.c.
    ~ essential oils
    ~ chemically modified oils and fats
    ~ materials used in the finishing of textiles and leather
    ~ powders and pastes used in soldering, brazing or welding
    ~ substances used to pickle metal
    ~ prepared additives for cements
    ~ activated carbon, lubricating oil additives, prepared rubber accelerators, catalysts and other chemical products for industrial use
    ~ anti-knock preparations, antifreeze preparations
    ~ composite diagnostic or laboratory reagents

    This class also includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of writing and drawing ink
    ~ MANUFACTURE of matches

  • Class 3099
    Manufacture of other transport equipment n.e.c.
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of hand-propelled vehicles: luggage trucks, handcarts, sledges, shopping carts etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of vehicles drawn by animals: sulkies, donkey-carts, hearses etc.

  • Class 2030
    Manufacture of man-made fibres
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of synthetic or artificial filament tow
    ~ MANUFACTURE of synthetic or artificial staple fibres, not carded, combed or otherwise processed for spinning
    ~ MANUFACTURE of synthetic or artificial filament yarn, including high-tenacity yarn
    ~ MANUFACTURE of synthetic or artificial monofilament or strip

  • Class 2100
    Manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemical and botanical products
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of medicinal active substances to be used for their pharmacological properties in the MANUFACTURE of medicaments: antibiotics, basic vitamins, salicylic and O-acetylsalicylic acids etc.
    ~ processing of blood
    ~ MANUFACTURE of medicaments:
    ~ antisera and other blood fractions
    ~ vaccines
    ~ diverse medicaments, including homeopathic preparations
    ~ MANUFACTURE of chemical contraceptive products for external use and hormonal contraceptive medicaments
    ~ MANUFACTURE of medical diagnostic preparations, including pregnancy tests
    ~ MANUFACTURE of radioactive in-vivo diagnostic substances
    ~ MANUFACTURE of biotech pharmaceuticals

    This class also includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of chemically pure sugars
    ~ processing of glands and MANUFACTURE of extracts of glands etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of medical impregnated wadding, gauze, bandages, dressings etc.
    ~ preparation of botanical products (grinding, grading, milling) for pharmaceutical use

  • Class 2211
    Manufacture of rubber tyres and tubes; retreading and rebuilding of rubber tyres
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of rubber tyres for vehicles, equipment, mobile machinery, aircraft, toy, furniture and other uses:
    ~ pneumatic tyres
    ~ solid or cushion tyres
    ~ MANUFACTURE of inner tubes for tyres
    ~ MANUFACTURE of interchangeable tyre treads, tyre flaps, camelback strips for retreading tyres etc.
    ~ tyre rebuilding and retreading

  • Class 2219
    Manufacture of other rubber products
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of other products of natural or synthetic rubber, unvulcanized, vulcanized or hardened:
    ~ rubber plates, sheets, strip, rods, profile shapes
    ~ tubes, pipes and hoses
    ~ rubber conveyor or transmission belts or belting
    ~ rubber hygienic articles: sheath contraceptives, teats, hot water bottles etc.
    ~ rubber articles of apparel (if only sealed together, not sewn)
    ~ rubber thread and rope
    ~ rubberized yarn and fabrics
    ~ rubber rings, fittings and seals
    ~ rubber roller coverings
    ~ inflatable rubber mattresses
    ~ inflatable balloons
    ~ MANUFACTURE of rubber brushes
    ~ MANUFACTURE of hard rubber pipe stems
    ~ MANUFACTURE of hard rubber combs, hair pins, hair rollers, and similar

    This class also includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of rubber repair materials
    ~ MANUFACTURE of textile fabric impregnated, coated, covered or laminated with rubber, where rubber is the chief constituent
    ~ MANUFACTURE of rubber waterbed mattresses
    ~ MANUFACTURE of rubber bathing caps and aprons
    ~ MANUFACTURE of rubber wet suits and diving suits
    ~ MANUFACTURE of rubber sex articles

  • Class 2220
    Manufacture of plastics products
    This class includes the processing of new or spent (i.e. recycled) plastics resins into intermediate or final products, using such processes as compression molding, extrusion molding, injection molding, blow molding and casting. For most of these, the production process is such that a wide variety of products can be made.

    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of semi-manufactures of plastic products:
    ~ plastic plates, sheets, blocks, film, foil, strip etc. (whether self-adhesive or not)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of finished plastic products:
    ~ plastic tubes, pipes and hoses; hose and pipe fittings
    ~ MANUFACTURE of plastic articles for the packing of goods:
    ~ plastic bags, sacks, containers, boxes, cases, carboys, bottles etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of builders' plastics ware:
    ~ plastic doors, windows, frames, shutters, blinds, skirting boards
    ~ tanks, reservoirs
    ~ plastic floor, wall or ceiling coverings in rolls or in the form of tiles etc.
    ~ plastic sanitary ware, such as:
    ~~ plastic baths, shower baths, washbasins, lavatory pans, flushing cisterns etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of plastic tableware, kitchenware and toilet articles
    ~ cellophane film or sheet
    ~ MANUFACTURE of resilient floor coverings, such as vinyl, linoleum etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of artificial stone (e.g. cultured marble)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of plastic signs (non-electrical)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of diverse plastic products:
    ~ plastic headgear, insulating fittings, parts of lighting fittings, office or school supplies, articles of apparel (if only sealed together, not sewn), fittings for furniture, statuettes, transmission and conveyer belts, self-adhesive tapes of plastic, plastic wall paper, plastic shoe lasts, plastic cigar and cigarette holders, combs, plastics hair curlers, plastics novelties, etc.

  • Class 2310
    Manufacture of glass and glass products
    This class includes the MANUFACTURE of glass in all forms, made by any process and the MANUFACTURE of articles of glass.

    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of flat glass, including wired, coloured or tinted flat glass
    ~ MANUFACTURE of toughened or laminated flat glass
    ~ MANUFACTURE of glass in rods or tubes
    ~ MANUFACTURE of glass paving blocks
    ~ MANUFACTURE of glass mirrors
    ~ MANUFACTURE of multiple-walled insulating units of glass
    ~ MANUFACTURE of bottles and other containers of glass or crystal
    ~ MANUFACTURE of drinking glasses and other domestic glass or crystal articles
    ~ MANUFACTURE of glass fibres, including glass wool and non-woven products thereof
    ~ MANUFACTURE of laboratory, hygienic or pharmaceutical glassware
    ~ MANUFACTURE of clock or watch glasses, optical glass and optical elements not optically worked
    ~ MANUFACTURE of glassware used in imitation jewellery
    ~ MANUFACTURE of glass insulators and glass insulating fittings
    ~ MANUFACTURE of glass envelopes for lamps
    ~ MANUFACTURE of glass figurines

  • Class 2391
    Manufacture of refractory products
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of refractory mortars, concretes etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of refractory ceramic goods:
    ~ heat-insulating ceramic goods of siliceous fossil meals
    ~ refractory bricks, blocks and tiles etc.
    ~ retorts, crucibles, muffles, nozzles, tubes, pipes etc.

    This class also includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of refractory articles containing magnesite, dolomite or chromite

  • Class 2392
    Manufacture of clay building materials
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of non-refractory ceramic hearth or wall tiles, mosaic cubes etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of non-refractory ceramic flags and paving
    ~ MANUFACTURE of structural non-refractory clay building materials:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of ceramic bricks, roofing tiles, chimney pots, pipes, conduits etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of flooring blocks in baked clay
    ~ MANUFACTURE of ceramic sanitary fixtures

  • Class 2393
    Manufacture of other porcelain and ceramic products
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of ceramic tableware and other domestic or toilet articles
    ~ MANUFACTURE of statuettes and other ornamental ceramic articles
    ~ MANUFACTURE of electrical insulators and insulating fittings of ceramics
    ~ MANUFACTURE of ceramic and ferrite magnets
    ~ MANUFACTURE of ceramic laboratory, chemical and industrial products
    ~ MANUFACTURE of ceramic pots, jars and similar articles of a kind used for conveyance or packing of goods
    ~ MANUFACTURE of ceramic furniture
    ~ MANUFACTURE of ceramic products n.e.c.

  • Class 2394
    Manufacture of cement, lime and plaster
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of clinkers and hydraulic cements, including Portland, aluminous cement, slag cement and superphosphate cements
    ~ MANUFACTURE of quicklime, slaked lime and hydraulic lime
    ~ MANUFACTURE of plasters of calcined gypsum or calcined sulphate
    ~ MANUFACTURE of calcined dolomite

  • Class 2395
    Manufacture of articles of concrete, cement and plaster
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of precast concrete, cement or artificial stone articles for use in construction:
    ~ tiles, flagstones, bricks, boards, sheets, panels, pipes, posts etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of prefabricated structural components for buildings or civil engineering of cement, concrete or artificial stone
    ~ MANUFACTURE of plaster articles for use in construction:
    ~ boards, sheets, panels etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of building materials of vegetable substances (wood wool, straw, reeds, rushes) agglomerated with cement, plaster or other mineral binder
    ~ MANUFACTURE of articles of asbestos-cement or cellulose fibre-cement or the like:
    ~ corrugated sheets, other sheets, panels, tiles, tubes, pipes, reservoirs, troughs, basins, sinks, jars, furniture, window frames etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of other articles of concrete, plaster, cement or artificial stone:
    ~ statuary, furniture, bas- and haut-reliefs, vases, flowerpots etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of powdered mortars
    ~ MANUFACTURE of ready-mix and dry-mix concrete and mortars

  • Class 2399
    Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products n.e.c.
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of millstones, sharpening or polishing stones and natural or artificial abrasive products, including abrasive products on a soft base (e.g. sandpaper)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of friction material and unmounted articles thereof with a base of mineral substances or of cellulose
    ~ MANUFACTURE of mineral insulating materials:
    ~ slag wool, rock wool and similar mineral wools; exfoliated vermiculite, expanded clays and similar heat-insulating, sound-insulating or sound-absorbing materials
    ~ MANUFACTURE of articles of diverse mineral substances:
    ~ worked mica and articles of mica, of peat, of graphite (other than electrical articles) etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of articles of asphalt or similar material, e.g. asphalt-based adhesives, coal tar pitch etc.
    ~ carbon and graphite fibers and products (except electrodes and electrical applications)

  • Class 2410
    Manufacture of basic iron and steel
    This class includes operations of conversion by reduction of iron ore in blast furnaces and oxygen converters or of ferrous waste and scrap in electric arc furnaces or by direct reduction of iron ore without fusion to obtain crude steel which is smelted and refined in a ladle furnace and then poured and solidified in a continuous caster in order to produce semi-finished flat or long products, which are used, after reheating, in rolling, drawing and extruding operations to MANUFACTURE finished products such as plate, sheet, strip, bars, rods, wire, tubes, pipes and hollow profiles.

    This class includes:
    ~ operation of blast furnaces, steel converters, rolling and finishing mills
    ~ production of pig iron and spiegeleisen in pigs, blocks or other primary forms
    ~ production of ferro-alloys
    ~ production of ferrous products by direct reduction of iron and other spongy ferrous products
    ~ production of iron of exceptional purity by electrolysis or other chemical processes
    ~ production of granular iron and iron powder
    ~ production of steel in ingots or other primary forms
    ~ remelting of scrap ingots of iron or steel
    ~ production of semi-finished products of steel
    ~ MANUFACTURE of hot-rolled and cold-rolled flat-rolled products of steel
    ~ MANUFACTURE of hot-rolled bars and rods of steel
    ~ MANUFACTURE of hot-rolled open sections of steel
    ~ MANUFACTURE of steel bars and solid sections of steel by cold drawing, grinding or turning
    ~ MANUFACTURE of open sections by progressive cold forming on a roll mill or folding on a press of flat-rolled products of steel
    ~ MANUFACTURE of wire of steel by cold drawing or stretching
    ~ MANUFACTURE of sheet piling of steel and welded open sections of steel
    ~ MANUFACTURE of railway track materials (unassembled rails) of steel
    ~ MANUFACTURE of seamless tubes, pipes and hollow profiles of steel, by hot rolling, hot extrusion or hot drawing, or by cold drawing or cold rolling
    ~ MANUFACTURE of welded tubes and pipes of steel, by cold or hot forming and welding, delivered as welded or further processed by cold drawing or cold rolling or manufactured by hot forming, welding and reducing
    ~ MANUFACTURE of tube fittings of steel, such as:
    ~ flat flanges and flanges with forged collars
    ~ butt-welded fittings
    ~ threaded fittings
    ~ socket-welded fittings

  • Class 2420
    Manufacture of basic precious and other non-ferrous metals
    This class includes:
    ~ production of basic precious metals:
    ~ production and refining of unwrought or wrought precious metals: gold, silver, platinum etc. from ore and scrap
    ~ production of precious metal alloys
    ~ production of precious metal semi-products
    ~ production of silver rolled onto base metals
    ~ production of gold rolled onto base metals or silver
    ~ production of platinum and platinum group metals rolled onto gold, silver or base metals
    ~ production of aluminium from alumina
    ~ production of aluminium from electrolytic refining of aluminium waste and scrap
    ~ production of aluminium alloys
    ~ semi-manufacturing of aluminium
    ~ production of lead, zinc and tin from ores
    ~ production of lead, zinc and tin from electrolytic refining of lead, zinc and tin waste and scrap
    ~ production of lead, zinc and tin alloys
    ~ semi-manufacturing of lead, zinc and tin
    ~ production of copper from ores
    ~ production of copper from electrolytic refining of copper waste and scrap
    ~ production of copper alloys
    ~ MANUFACTURE of fuse wire or strip
    ~ semi-manufacturing of copper
    ~ production of chrome, manganese, nickel etc. from ores or oxides
    ~ production of chrome, manganese, nickel etc. from electrolytic and aluminothermic refining of chrome, manganese, nickel etc., waste and scrap
    ~ production of alloys of chrome, manganese, nickel etc.
    ~ semi-manufacturing of chrome, manganese, nickel etc.
    ~ production of mattes of nickel
    ~ production of uranium metal from pitchblende or other ores
    ~ smelting and refining of uranium

    This class also includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of wire of these metals by drawing
    ~ production of aluminium oxide (alumina)
    ~ production of aluminium wrapping foil
    ~ MANUFACTURE of aluminium (tin) foil laminates made from aluminum (tin) foil as primary component
    ~ MANUFACTURE of precious metal foil laminates

  • Class 2431
    Casting of iron and steel
    This class includes the casting of iron and steel, i.e. the activities of iron and steel foundries.

    This class includes:
    ~ casting of semi-finished iron products
    ~ casting of grey iron castings
    ~ casting of spheroidal graphite iron castings
    ~ casting of malleable cast-iron products
    ~ casting of semi-finished steel products
    ~ casting of steel castings
    ~ MANUFACTURE of tubes, pipes and hollow profiles and of tube or pipe fittings of cast-iron
    ~ MANUFACTURE of seamless tubes and pipes of steel by centrifugal casting
    ~ MANUFACTURE of tube or pipe fittings of cast-steel

  • Class 2511
    Manufacture of structural metal products
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of metal frameworks or skeletons for construction and parts thereof (towers, masts, trusses, bridges etc.)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of industrial frameworks in metal (frameworks for blast furnaces, lifting and handling equipment etc.)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of prefabricated buildings mainly of metal:
    ~ site huts, modular exhibition elements etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of metal doors, windows and their frames, shutters and gates
    ~ metal room partitions for floor attachment

  • Class 2512
    Manufacture of tanks, reservoirs and containers of metal
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of reservoirs, tanks and similar containers of metal, of types normally installed as fixtures for storage or manufacturing use
    ~ MANUFACTURE of metal containers for compressed or liquefied gas
    ~ MANUFACTURE of central heating boilers and radiators

  • Class 2513
    Manufacture of steam generators, except central heating hot water boilers
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of steam or other vapour generators
    ~ MANUFACTURE of auxiliary plant for use with steam generators:
    ~ condensers, economizers, superheaters, steam collectors and accumulators
    ~ MANUFACTURE of nuclear reactors, except isotope separators
    ~ MANUFACTURE of parts for marine or power boilers

  • Class 2520
    Manufacture of weapons and ammunition
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of heavy weapons (artillery, mobile guns, rocket launchers, torpedo tubes, heavy machine guns)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of small arms (revolvers, shotguns, light machine guns)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of air or gas guns and pistols
    ~ MANUFACTURE of war ammunition

    This class also includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of hunting, sporting or protective firearms and ammunition
    ~ MANUFACTURE of explosive devices such as bombs, mines and torpedoes

  • Class 2593
    Manufacture of cutlery, hand tools and general hardware
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of domestic cutlery such as knives, forks, spoons etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of other articles of cutlery:
    ~ cleavers and choppers
    ~ razors and razor blades
    ~ scissors and hair clippers
    ~ MANUFACTURE of knives and cutting blades for machines or for mechanical appliances
    ~ MANUFACTURE of hand tools such as pliers, screwdrivers etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of non-power-driven agricultural hand tools
    ~ MANUFACTURE of saws and saw blades, including circular saw blades and chainsaw blades
    ~ MANUFACTURE of interchangeable tools for hand tools, whether or not power-operated, or for machine tools: drills, punches, milling cutters etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of press tools
    ~ MANUFACTURE of blacksmiths' tools: forges, anvils etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of moulding boxes and moulds (except ingot moulds)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of vices, clamps
    ~ MANUFACTURE of padlocks, locks, keys, hinges and the like, hardware for buildings, furniture, vehicles etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of cutlasses, swords, bayonets etc.

  • Class 2599
    Manufacture of other fabricated metal products n.e.c.
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of pails, cans, drums, buckets, boxes
    ~ MANUFACTURE of tins and cans for food products, collapsible tubes and boxes
    ~ MANUFACTURE of metallic closures
    ~ MANUFACTURE of metal cable, plaited bands and similar articles
    ~ MANUFACTURE of uninsulated metal cable or insulated cable not capable of being used as a conductor of electricity
    ~ MANUFACTURE of articles made of wire: barbed wire, wire fencing, grill, netting, cloth etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of nails and pins
    ~ MANUFACTURE of rivets, washers and similar non-threaded products
    ~ MANUFACTURE of screw machine products
    ~ MANUFACTURE of bolts, screws, nuts and similar threaded products
    ~ MANUFACTURE of springs (except watch springs):
    ~ leaf springs, helical springs, torsion bar springs
    ~ leaves for springs
    ~ MANUFACTURE of chain, except power transmission chain
    ~ MANUFACTURE of metal household articles:
    ~ flatware: plates, saucers etc.
    ~ hollowware: pots, kettles etc.
    ~ dinnerware: bowls, platters etc.
    ~ saucepans, frying pans and other non-electrical utensils for use at the table or in the kitchen
    ~ small hand-operated kitchen appliances and accessories
    ~ metal scouring pads
    ~ MANUFACTURE of baths, sinks, washbasins and similar articles
    ~ MANUFACTURE of metal goods for office use, except furniture
    ~ MANUFACTURE of safes, strongboxes, armoured doors etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of various metal articles:
    ~ ship propellers and blades thereof
    ~ anchors
    ~ bells
    ~ assembled railway track fixtures
    ~ clasps, buckles, hooks
    ~ MANUFACTURE of foil bags
    ~ MANUFACTURE of permanent metallic magnets
    ~ MANUFACTURE of metal vacuum jugs and bottles
    ~ MANUFACTURE of metal signs (non-electrical)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of metal badges and metal military insignia
    ~ MANUFACTURE of metal hair curlers, metal umbrella handles and frames, combs

  • Class 2610
    Manufacture of electronic components and boards
    This class includes the MANUFACTURE of semiconductors and other components for electronic applications.

    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of capacitors, electronic
    ~ MANUFACTURE of resistors, electronic
    ~ MANUFACTURE of microprocessors
    ~ MANUFACTURE of bare printed circuit boards
    ~ MANUFACTURE of electron tubes
    ~ MANUFACTURE of electronic connectors
    ~ MANUFACTURE of integrated circuits (analog, digital or hybrid)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of diodes, transistors and related discrete devices
    ~ MANUFACTURE of inductors (e.g. chokes, coils, transformers), electronic component type
    ~ MANUFACTURE of electronic crystals and crystal assemblies
    ~ MANUFACTURE of solenoids, switches and transducers for electronic applications
    ~ MANUFACTURE of dice or wafers, semiconductor, finished or semi-finished
    ~ MANUFACTURE of interface cards (e.g. sound, video, controllers, network, modems)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of display components (plasma, polymer, LCD)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of light emitting diodes (LED)
    ~ loading of components onto printed circuit boards

    This class also includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of printer cables, monitor cables, USB cables, connectors etc.

  • Class 2620
    Manufacture of computers and peripheral equipment
    This class includes the MANUFACTURE and/or assembly of electronic computers, such as mainframes, desktop computers, laptops and computer servers; and computer peripheral equipment, such as storage devices and input/output devices (printers, monitors, keyboards). Computers can be analog, digital, or hybrid. Digital computers, the most common type, are devices that do all of the following: (1) store the processing program or programs and the data immediately necessary for the execution of the program, (2) can be freely programmed in accordance with the requirements of the user, (3) perform arithmetical computations specified by the user and (4) execute, without human intervention, a processing program that requires the computer to modify its execution by logical decision during the processing run. Analog computers are capable of simulating mathematical models and comprise at least analog control and programming elements.

    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of desktop computers
    ~ MANUFACTURE of laptop computers
    ~ MANUFACTURE of main frame computers
    ~ MANUFACTURE of hand-held computers (e.g. PDA)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of magnetic disk drives, flash drives and other storage devices
    ~ MANUFACTURE of optical (e.g. CD-RW, CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, DVD-RW) disk drives
    ~ MANUFACTURE of printers
    ~ MANUFACTURE of monitors
    ~ MANUFACTURE of keyboards
    ~ MANUFACTURE of all types of mice, joysticks, and trackball accessories
    ~ MANUFACTURE of dedicated computer terminals
    ~ MANUFACTURE of computer servers
    ~ MANUFACTURE of scanners, including bar code scanners
    ~ MANUFACTURE of smart card readers
    ~ MANUFACTURE of virtual reality helmets
    ~ MANUFACTURE of computer projectors (video beamers)

    This class also includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of computer terminals, like automatic teller machines (ATM's), point-of-sale (POS) terminals, not mechanically operated
    ~ MANUFACTURE of multi-function office equipment, such as fax-scanner-copier combinations

  • Class 2630
    Manufacture of communication equipment
    This class includes the MANUFACTURE of telephone and data communications equipment used to move signals electronically over wires or through the air such as radio and television broadcast and wireless communications equipment.

    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of central office switching equipment
    ~ MANUFACTURE of cordless telephones
    ~ MANUFACTURE of private branch exchange (PBX) equipment
    ~ MANUFACTURE of telephone and facsimile equipment, including telephone answering machines
    ~ MANUFACTURE of data communications equipment, such as bridges, routers, and gateways
    ~ MANUFACTURE of transmitting and receiving antenna
    ~ MANUFACTURE of cable television equipment
    ~ MANUFACTURE of pagers
    ~ MANUFACTURE of cellular phones
    ~ MANUFACTURE of mobile communication equipment
    ~ MANUFACTURE of radio and television studio and broadcasting equipment, including television cameras
    ~ MANUFACTURE of modems, carrier equipment
    ~ MANUFACTURE of burglar and fire alarm systems, sending signals to a control station
    ~ MANUFACTURE of radio and television transmitters
    ~ MANUFACTURE of infrared devices (e.g. remote controls)

  • Class 2640
    Manufacture of consumer electronics
    This class includes the MANUFACTURE of electronic audio and video equipment for home entertainment, motor vehicle, public address systems and musical instrument amplification.

    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of video cassette recorders and duplicating equipment
    ~ MANUFACTURE of televisions
    ~ MANUFACTURE of television monitors and displays
    ~ MANUFACTURE of audio recording and duplicating systems
    ~ MANUFACTURE of stereo equipment
    ~ MANUFACTURE of radio receivers
    ~ MANUFACTURE of speaker systems
    ~ MANUFACTURE of household-type video cameras
    ~ MANUFACTURE of jukeboxes
    ~ MANUFACTURE of amplifiers for musical instruments and public address systems
    ~ MANUFACTURE of microphones
    ~ MANUFACTURE of CD and DVD players
    ~ MANUFACTURE of karaoke machines
    ~ MANUFACTURE of headphones (e.g. radio, stereo, computer)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of video game consoles

  • Class 2652
    Manufacture of watches and clocks
    This class includes the MANUFACTURE of watches, clocks and timing mechanisms and parts thereof.

    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of watches and clocks of all kinds, including instrument panel clocks
    ~ MANUFACTURE of watch and clock cases, including cases of precious metals
    ~ MANUFACTURE of time-recording equipment and equipment for measuring, recording and otherwise displaying intervals of time with a watch or clock movement or with synchronous motor, such as:
    ~ parking meters
    ~ time clocks
    ~ time/date stamps
    ~ process timers
    ~ MANUFACTURE of time switches and other releases with a watch or clock movement or with synchronous motor:
    ~ time locks
    ~ MANUFACTURE of components for clocks and watches:
    ~ movements of all kinds for watches and clocks
    ~ springs, jewels, dials, hands, plates, bridges and other parts

  • Class 2660
    Manufacture of irradiation, electromedical and electrotherapeutic equipment
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of irradiation apparatus and tubes (e.g. industrial, medical diagnostic, medical therapeutic, research, scientific):
    ~ beta-, gamma, X-ray or other radiation equipment
    ~ MANUFACTURE of CT scanners
    ~ MANUFACTURE of PET scanners
    ~ MANUFACTURE of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) equipment
    ~ MANUFACTURE of medical ultrasound equipment
    ~ MANUFACTURE of electrocardiographs
    ~ MANUFACTURE of electromedical endoscopic equipment
    ~ MANUFACTURE of medical laser equipment
    ~ MANUFACTURE of pacemakers
    ~ MANUFACTURE of hearing aids

    This class also includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of food and milk irradiation equipment

  • Class 2651
    Manufacture of measuring, testing, navigating and control equipment
    This class includes the MANUFACTURE of search, detection, navigation, guidance, aeronautical and nautical systems and instruments; automatic controls and regulators for applications, such as heating, air-conditioning, refrigeration and appliances; instruments and devices for measuring, displaying, indicating, recording, transmitting and controlling industrial process variables, such as temperature, humidity, pressure, vacuum, combustion, flow, level, viscosity, density, acidity, concentration and rotation; totalizing (i.e. registering) fluid meters and counting devices; instruments for measuring and testing the characteristics of electricity and electrical signals; instruments and instrumentation systems for laboratory analysis of the chemical or physical composition or concentration of samples of solid, fluid, gaseous or composite material and other measuring and testing instruments and parts thereof.
    The MANUFACTURE of non-electric measuring, testing, navigating and control equipment (except simple mechanical tools) is included here.

    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of aircraft engine instruments
    ~ MANUFACTURE of automotive emissions testing equipment
    ~ MANUFACTURE of meteorological instruments
    ~ MANUFACTURE of physical properties testing and inspection equipment
    ~ MANUFACTURE of polygraph machines
    ~ MANUFACTURE of instruments for measuring and testing electricity and electrical signals (including for telecommunications)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of radiation detection and monitoring instruments
    ~ MANUFACTURE of electron and proton microscopes
    ~ MANUFACTURE of surveying instruments
    ~ MANUFACTURE of thermometers liquid-in-glass and bimetal types (except medical)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of humidistats
    ~ MANUFACTURE of hydronic limit controls
    ~ MANUFACTURE of flame and burner control
    ~ MANUFACTURE of spectrometers
    ~ MANUFACTURE of pneumatic gauges
    ~ MANUFACTURE of consumption meters (e.g. water, gas)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of flow meters and counting devices
    ~ MANUFACTURE of tally counters
    ~ MANUFACTURE of mine detectors, pulse (signal) generators; metal detectors
    ~ MANUFACTURE of search, detection, navigation, aeronautical and nautical equipment, including sonobuoys
    ~ MANUFACTURE of radar equipment
    ~ MANUFACTURE of GPS devices
    ~ MANUFACTURE of environmental controls and automatic controls for appliances
    ~ MANUFACTURE of measuring and recording equipment (e.g. flight recorders)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of motion detectors
    ~ MANUFACTURE of laboratory analytical instruments (e.g. blood analysis equipment)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of laboratory scales, balances, incubators, and miscellaneous laboratory apparatus for measuring, testing, etc.

  • Class 2670
    Manufacture of optical instruments and photographic equipment
    This class includes the MANUFACTURE of optical instruments and lenses, such as binoculars, microscopes (except electron, proton), telescopes, prisms and lenses (except ophthalmic); the coating or polishing of lenses (except ophthalmic); the mounting of lenses (except ophthalmic) and the MANUFACTURE of photographic equipment such as cameras and light meters.

    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of lenses and prisms
    ~ MANUFACTURE of optical microscopes, binoculars and telescopes
    ~ MANUFACTURE of optical mirrors
    ~ MANUFACTURE of optical magnifying instruments
    ~ MANUFACTURE of optical machinist's precision tools
    ~ MANUFACTURE of optical comparators
    ~ MANUFACTURE of optical gun sighting equipment
    ~ MANUFACTURE of optical positioning equipment
    ~ MANUFACTURE of optical measuring and checking devices and instruments (e.g. fire control equipment, photographic light meters, range finders)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of film cameras and digital cameras
    ~ MANUFACTURE of motion picture and slide projectors
    ~ MANUFACTURE of overhead transparency projectors
    ~ MANUFACTURE of laser assemblies

    This class also includes:
    ~ coating, polishing and mounting of lenses

  • Class 2680
    Manufacture of magnetic and optical media
    This class includes the MANUFACTURE of magnetic and optical recording media.

    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of blank magnetic audio and video tapes
    ~ MANUFACTURE of blank magnetic audio and video cassettes
    ~ MANUFACTURE of blank diskettes
    ~ MANUFACTURE of blank optical discs
    ~ MANUFACTURE of hard drive media

  • Class 2720
    Manufacture of batteries and accumulators
    This class includes the MANUFACTURE of non-rechargeable and rechargeable batteries.

    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of primary cells and primary batteries
    ~ cells containing manganese dioxide, mercuric dioxide, silver oxide etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of electric accumulators, including parts thereof:
    ~ separators, containers, covers
    ~ MANUFACTURE of lead acid batteries
    ~ MANUFACTURE of NiCad batteries
    ~ MANUFACTURE of NiMH batteries
    ~ MANUFACTURE of lithium batteries
    ~ MANUFACTURE of dry cell batteries
    ~ MANUFACTURE of wet cell batteries

  • Class 2710
    Manufacture of electric motors, generators, transformers and electricity distribution and control apparatus
    This class includes the MANUFACTURE of power, distribution and specialty transformers; electric motors, generators and motor generator sets; switchgear and switchboard apparatus; relays and industrial controls. The electrical equipment manufactured in this class is for distribution level voltages.

    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of distribution transformers, electric
    ~ MANUFACTURE of arc-welding transformers
    ~ MANUFACTURE of fluorescent ballasts (i.e. transformers)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of substation transformers for electric power distribution
    ~ MANUFACTURE of transmission and distribution voltage regulators
    ~ MANUFACTURE of electric motors (except internal combustion engine starting motors)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of power generators (except battery charging alternators for internal combustion engines)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of motor generator sets (except turbine generator set units)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of prime mover generator sets
    ~ rewinding of armatures on a factory basis
    ~ MANUFACTURE of power circuit breakers
    ~ MANUFACTURE of surge suppressors (for distribution level voltage)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of control panels for electric power distribution
    ~ MANUFACTURE of electrical relays
    ~ MANUFACTURE of duct for electrical switchboard apparatus
    ~ MANUFACTURE of electric fuses
    ~ MANUFACTURE of power switching equipment
    ~ MANUFACTURE of electric power switches (except pushbutton, snap, solenoid, tumbler)

  • Class 2733
    Manufacture of wiring devices
    This class includes the MANUFACTURE of current-carrying and non current-carrying wiring devices for electrical circuits regardless of material.

    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of bus bars, electrical conductors (except switchgear-type)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of GFCI (ground fault circuit interrupters)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of lamp holders
    ~ MANUFACTURE of lightning arrestors and coils
    ~ MANUFACTURE of switches for electrical wiring (e.g. pressure, pushbutton, snap, tumbler switches)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of electrical outlets and sockets
    ~ MANUFACTURE of boxes for electrical wiring (e.g. junction, outlet, switch boxes)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of electrical conduit and fitting
    ~ MANUFACTURE of transmission pole and line hardware
    ~ MANUFACTURE of plastic non current-carrying wiring devices including plastic junction boxes, face plates, and similar, plastic pole line fittings

  • Class 2740
    Manufacture of electric lighting equipment
    This class includes the MANUFACTURE of electric light bulbs and tubes and parts and components thereof (except glass blanks for electric light bulbs), electric lighting fixtures and lighting fixture components (except current-carrying wiring devices).

    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of discharge, incandescent, fluorescent, ultra-violet, infra-red etc. lamps, fixtures and bulbs
    ~ MANUFACTURE of ceiling lighting fixtures
    ~ MANUFACTURE of chandeliers
    ~ MANUFACTURE of table lamps (i.e. lighting fixture)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of Christmas tree lighting sets
    ~ MANUFACTURE of electric fireplace logs
    ~ MANUFACTURE of flashlights
    ~ MANUFACTURE of electric insect lamps
    ~ MANUFACTURE of lanterns (e.g. carbide, electric, gas, gasoline, kerosene)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of spotlights
    ~ MANUFACTURE of street lighting fixtures (except traffic signals)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of lighting equipment for transportation equipment (e.g. for motor vehicles, aircraft, boats)

    This class also includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of non-electrical lighting equipment

  • Class 2750
    Manufacture of domestic appliances
    This class includes the MANUFACTURE of small electric appliances and electric housewares, household-type fans, household-type vacuum cleaners, electric household-type floor care machines, household-type cooking appliances, household-type laundry equipment, household-type refrigerators, upright and chest freezers and other electrical and non-electrical household appliances, such as dishwashers, water heaters and garbage disposal units. This class includes the MANUFACTURE of appliances with electric, gas or other fuel sources.

    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of domestic electric appliances:
    ~ refrigerators
    ~ freezers
    ~ dishwashers
    ~ washing and drying machines
    ~ vacuum cleaners
    ~ floor polishers
    ~ waste disposers
    ~ grinders, blenders, juice squeezers
    ~ tin openers
    ~ electric shavers, electric toothbrushes and other electric personal care device
    ~ knife sharpeners
    ~ ventilating or recycling hoods
    ~ MANUFACTURE of domestic electrothermic appliances:
    ~ electric water heaters
    ~ electric blankets
    ~ electric dryers, combs, brushes, curlers
    ~ electric smoothing irons
    ~ space heaters and household-type fans, portable
    ~ electric ovens
    ~ microwave ovens
    ~ cookers, hotplates
    ~ toasters
    ~ coffee or tea makers
    ~ fry pans, roasters, grills, hoods
    ~ electric heating resistors etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of domestic non-electric cooking and heating equipment:
    ~ non-electric space heaters, cooking ranges, grates, stoves, water heaters, cooking appliances, plate warmers

  • Class 2811
    Manufacture of engines and turbines, except aircraft, vehicle and cycle engines
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of internal combustion piston engines, except motor vehicle, aircraft and cycle propulsion engines:
    ~ marine engines
    ~ railway engines
    ~ MANUFACTURE of pistons, piston rings, carburetors and such for all internal combustion engines, diesel engines etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of inlet and exhaust valves of internal combustion engines
    ~ MANUFACTURE of turbines and parts thereof:
    ~ steam turbines and other vapour turbines
    ~ hydraulic turbines, waterwheels and regulators thereof
    ~ wind turbines
    ~ gas turbines, except turbojets or turbo propellers for aircraft propulsion
    ~ MANUFACTURE of boiler-turbine sets
    ~ MANUFACTURE of turbine-generator sets

  • Class 2790
    Manufacture of other electrical equipment
    This class includes the MANUFACTURE of miscellaneous electrical equipment other than motors, generators and transformers, batteries and accumulators, wires and wiring devices, lighting equipment or domestic appliances.

    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of battery chargers, solid-state
    ~ MANUFACTURE of door opening and closing devices, electrical
    ~ MANUFACTURE of electric bells
    ~ MANUFACTURE of ultrasonic cleaning machines (except laboratory and dental)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of tanning beds
    ~ MANUFACTURE of solid state inverters, rectifying apparatus, fuel cells, regulated and unregulated power supplies
    ~ MANUFACTURE of uninterruptible power supplies (UPS)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of surge suppressors (except for distribution level voltage)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of appliance cords, extension cords, and other electrical cord sets with insulated wire and connectors
    ~ MANUFACTURE of carbon and graphite electrodes, contacts, and other electrical carbon and graphite products
    ~ MANUFACTURE of particle accelerators
    ~ MANUFACTURE of electrical capacitors, resistors, condensers and similar components
    ~ MANUFACTURE of electromagnets
    ~ MANUFACTURE of sirens
    ~ MANUFACTURE of electronic scoreboards
    ~ MANUFACTURE of electrical signs
    ~ MANUFACTURE of electrical signalling equipment such as traffic lights and pedestrian signalling equipment
    ~ MANUFACTURE of electrical insulators (except glass or porcelain)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of electrical welding and soldering equipment, including hand-held soldering irons

  • Class 2812
    Manufacture of fluid power equipment
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of hydraulic and pneumatic components (including hydraulic pumps, hydraulic motors, hydraulic and pneumatic cylinders, hydraulic and pneumatic valves, hydraulic and pneumatic hose and fittings)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of air preparation equipment for use in pneumatic systems
    ~ MANUFACTURE of fluid power systems
    ~ MANUFACTURE of hydraulic transmission equipment

  • Class 2813
    Manufacture of other pumps, compressors, taps and valves
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of air or vacuum pumps, air or other gas compressors
    ~ MANUFACTURE of pumps for liquids whether or not fitted with a measuring device
    ~ MANUFACTURE of pumps designed for fitting to internal combustion engines: oil, water and fuel pumps for motor vehicles etc.

    This class also includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of industrial taps and valves, including regulating valves and intake taps
    ~ MANUFACTURE of sanitary taps and valves
    ~ MANUFACTURE of heating taps and valves
    ~ MANUFACTURE of hand pumps

  • Class 2814
    Manufacture of bearings, gears, gearing and driving elements
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of ball and roller bearings and parts thereof
    ~ MANUFACTURE of mechanical power transmission equipment:
    ~ transmission shafts and cranks: camshafts, crankshafts, cranks etc.
    ~ bearing housings and plain shaft bearings
    ~ MANUFACTURE of gears, gearing and gear boxes and other speed changers
    ~ MANUFACTURE of clutches and shaft couplings
    ~ MANUFACTURE of flywheels and pulleys
    ~ MANUFACTURE of articulated link chain
    ~ MANUFACTURE of power transmission chain

  • Class 2815
    Manufacture of ovens, furnaces and furnace burners
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of electrical and other industrial and laboratory furnaces and ovens, including incinerators
    ~ MANUFACTURE of burners
    ~ MANUFACTURE of permanent mount electric space heaters, electric swimming pool heaters
    ~ MANUFACTURE of permanent mount non-electric household heating equipment, such as solar heating, steam heating, oil heat and similar furnaces and heating equipment
    ~ MANUFACTURE of electric household-type furnaces (electric forced air furnaces, heat pumps, etc.), non-electric household forced air furnaces

    This class also includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of mechanical stokers, grates, ash dischargers etc.

  • Class 2816
    Manufacture of lifting and handling equipment
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of hand-operated or power-driven lifting, handling, loading or unloading machinery:
    ~ pulley tackle and hoists, winches, capstans and jacks
    ~ derricks, cranes, mobile lifting frames, straddle carriers etc.
    ~ works trucks, whether or not fitted with lifting or handling equipment, whether or not self-propelled, of the type used in factories (including hand trucks and wheelbarrows)
    ~ mechanical manipulators and industrial robots specifically designed for lifting, handling, loading or unloading
    ~ MANUFACTURE of conveyors, telfers (téléphériques) etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of lifts, escalators and moving walkways
    ~ MANUFACTURE of parts specialized for lifting and handling equipment

  • Class 2817
    Manufacture of office machinery and equipment (except computers and peripheral equipment)
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of calculating machines
    ~ MANUFACTURE of adding machines, cash registers
    ~ MANUFACTURE of calculators, electronic or not
    ~ MANUFACTURE of postage meters, mail handling machines (envelope stuffing, sealing and addressing machinery; opening, sorting, scanning), collating machinery
    ~ MANUFACTURE of typewriters
    ~ MANUFACTURE of stenography machines
    ~ MANUFACTURE of office-type binding equipment (i.e. plastic or tape binding)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of cheque writing machines
    ~ MANUFACTURE of coin counting and coin wrapping machinery
    ~ MANUFACTURE of pencil sharpeners
    ~ MANUFACTURE of staplers and staple removers
    ~ MANUFACTURE of voting machines
    ~ MANUFACTURE of tape dispensers
    ~ MANUFACTURE of hole punches
    ~ MANUFACTURE of cash registers, mechanically operated
    ~ MANUFACTURE of photocopy machines
    ~ MANUFACTURE of toner cartridges
    ~ MANUFACTURE of blackboards; white boards and marker boards
    ~ MANUFACTURE of dictating machines

  • Class 2818
    Manufacture of power-driven hand tools
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of hand tools, with self-contained electric or non-electric motor or pneumatic drive, such as:
    ~ circular or reciprocating saws
    ~ drills and hammer drills
    ~ hand held power sanders
    ~ pneumatic nailers
    ~ buffers
    ~ routers
    ~ grinders
    ~ staplers
    ~ pneumatic rivet guns
    ~ planers
    ~ shears and nibblers
    ~ impact wrenches
    ~ powder actuated nailers

  • Class 2821
    Manufacture of agricultural and forestry machinery
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of tractors used in agriculture and forestry
    ~ MANUFACTURE of walking (pedestrian-controlled) tractors
    ~ MANUFACTURE of mowers, including lawnmowers
    ~ MANUFACTURE of agricultural self-loading or self-unloading trailers or semi-trailers
    ~ MANUFACTURE of agricultural machinery for soil preparation, planting or fertilizing:
    ~ ploughs, manure spreaders, seeders, harrows etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of harvesting or threshing machinery:
    ~ harvesters, threshers, sorters etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of milking machines
    ~ MANUFACTURE of spraying machinery for agricultural use
    ~ MANUFACTURE of diverse agricultural machinery:
    ~ poultry-keeping machinery, bee-keeping machinery, equipment for preparing fodder etc.
    ~ machines for cleaning, sorting or grading eggs, fruit etc.

  • Class 2819
    Manufacture of other general-purpose machinery
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of industrial refrigerating or freezing equipment, including assemblies of major components
    ~ MANUFACTURE of air-conditioning machines, including for motor vehicles
    ~ MANUFACTURE of non-domestic fans
    ~ MANUFACTURE of weighing machinery (other than sensitive laboratory balances):
    ~ household and shop scales, platform scales, scales for continuous weighing, weighbridges, weights etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of filtering or purifying machinery and apparatus for liquids
    ~ MANUFACTURE of equipment for projecting, dispersing or spraying liquids or powders:
    ~ spray guns, fire extinguishers, sandblasting machines, steam cleaning machines etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of packing and wrapping machinery:
    ~ filling, closing, sealing, capsuling or labeling machines etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of machinery for cleaning or drying bottles and for aerating beverages
    ~ MANUFACTURE of distilling or rectifying plant for petroleum refineries, chemical industries, beverage industries etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of heat exchangers
    ~ MANUFACTURE of machinery for liquefying air or gas
    ~ MANUFACTURE of gas generators
    ~ MANUFACTURE of calendering or other rolling machines and cylinders thereof (except for metal and glass)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of centrifuges (except cream separators and clothes dryers)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of gaskets and similar joints made of a combination of materials or layers of the same material
    ~ MANUFACTURE of automatic goods vending machines
    ~ MANUFACTURE of parts for general-purpose machinery
    ~ MANUFACTURE of attic ventilation fans (gable fans, roof ventilators, etc.)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of levels, tape measures and similar hand tools, machinists' precision tools (except optical)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of non-electrical welding and soldering equipment

  • Class 2822
    Manufacture of metal-forming machinery and machine tools
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of machine tools for working metals and other materials (wood, bone, stone, hard rubber, hard plastics, cold glass etc.), including those using a laser beam, ultrasonic waves, plasma arc, magnetic pulse etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of machine tools for turning, drilling, milling, shaping, planing, boring, grinding etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of stamping or pressing machine tools
    ~ MANUFACTURE of punch presses, hydraulic presses, hydraulic brakes, drop hammers, forging machines etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of draw-benches, thread rollers or machines for working wires
    ~ MANUFACTURE of stationary machines for nailing, stapling, glueing or otherwise assembling wood, cork, bone, hard rubber or plastics etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of stationary rotary or rotary percussion drills, filing machines, riveters, sheet metal cutters etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of presses for the MANUFACTURE of particle board and the like
    ~ MANUFACTURE of electroplating machinery

    This class also includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of parts and accessories for the machine tools listed above: work holders, dividing heads and other special attachments for machine tools

  • Class 2824
    Manufacture of machinery for mining, quarrying and construction
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of continuous-action elevators and conveyors for underground use
    ~ MANUFACTURE of boring, cutting, sinking and tunnelling machinery (whether or not for underground use)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of machinery for treating minerals by screening, sorting, separating, washing, crushing etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of concrete and mortar mixers
    ~ MANUFACTURE of earth-moving machinery:
    ~ bulldozers, angle-dozers, graders, scrapers, levellers, mechanical shovels, shovel loaders etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of pile drivers and pile extractors, mortar spreaders, bitumen spreaders, concrete surfacing machinery etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of tracklaying tractors and tractors used in construction or mining
    ~ MANUFACTURE of bulldozer and angle-dozer blades
    ~ MANUFACTURE of off-road dumping trucks

  • Class 2825
    Manufacture of machinery for food, beverage and tobacco processing
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of agricultural dryers
    ~ MANUFACTURE of machinery for the dairy industry:
    ~ cream separators
    ~ milk processing machinery (e.g. homogenizers)
    ~ milk converting machinery (e.g. butter chums, butter workers and moulding machines)
    ~ cheese-making machines (e.g. homogenizers, moulders, presses) etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of machinery for the grain milling industry:
    ~ machinery to clean, sort or grade seeds, grain or dried leguminous vegetables (winnowers, sieving belts, separators, grain brushing machines etc.)
    ~ machinery to produce flour and meal etc. (grinding mills, feeders, sifters, bran cleaners, blenders, rice hullers, pea splitters)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of presses, crushers etc. used to make wine, cider, fruit juices etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of machinery for the bakery industry or for making macaroni, spaghetti or similar products:
    ~ bakery ovens, dough mixers, dough-dividers, moulders, slicers, cake depositing machines etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of machines and equipment to process diverse foods:
    ~ machinery to make confectionery, cocoa or chocolate; to MANUFACTURE sugar; for breweries; to process meat or poultry; to prepare fruit, nuts or vegetables; to prepare fish, shellfish or other seafood
    ~ machinery for filtering and purifying
    ~ other machinery for the industrial preparation or MANUFACTURE of food or drink
    ~ MANUFACTURE of machinery for the extraction or preparation of animal or vegetable fats or oils
    ~ MANUFACTURE of machinery for the preparation of tobacco and for the making of cigarettes or cigars, or for pipe or chewing tobacco or snuff
    ~ MANUFACTURE of machinery for the preparation of food in hotels and restaurants

  • Class 2826
    Manufacture of machinery for textile, apparel and leather production
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of textile machinery:
    ~ machines for preparing, producing, extruding, drawing, texturing or cutting man-made textile fibres, materials or yarns
    ~ machines for preparing textile fibres: cotton gins, bale breakers, garnetters, cotton spreaders, wool scourers, wool carbonizers, combs, carders, roving frames etc.
    ~ spinning machines
    ~ machines for preparing textile yarns: reelers, warpers and related machines
    ~ weaving machines (looms), including hand looms
    ~ knitting machines
    ~ machines for making knotted net, tulle, lace, braid etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of auxiliary machines or equipment for textile machinery:
    ~ dobbies, jacquards, automatic stop motions, shuttle changing mechanisms, spindles and spindle flyers etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of textile printing machinery
    ~ MANUFACTURE of machinery for fabric processing:
    ~ machinery for washing, bleaching, dyeing, dressing, finishing, coating or impregnating textile fabrics
    ~ MANUFACTURE of machines for reeling, unreeling, folding, cutting or pinking textile fabrics
    ~ MANUFACTURE of laundry machinery:
    ~ ironing machines, including fusing presses
    ~ commercial washing and drying machines
    ~ dry-cleaning machines
    ~ MANUFACTURE of sewing machines, sewing machine heads and sewing machine needles (whether or not for household use)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of machines for producing or finishing felt or non-wovens
    ~ MANUFACTURE of leather machines:
    ~ machinery for preparing, tanning or working hides, skins or leather
    ~ machinery for making or repairing footwear or other articles of hides, skins, leather or fur skins

  • Class 2910
    Manufacture of motor vehicles
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of passenger cars
    ~ MANUFACTURE of commercial vehicles:
    ~ vans, lorries, over-the-road tractors for semi-trailers etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of buses, trolley-buses and coaches
    ~ MANUFACTURE of motor vehicle engines
    ~ MANUFACTURE of chassis fitted with engines
    ~ MANUFACTURE of other motor vehicles:
    ~ snowmobiles, golf carts, amphibious vehicles
    ~ fire engines, street sweepers, travelling libraries, armoured cars etc.
    ~ concrete-mixer lorries
    ~ ATVs, go-carts and similar including race cars

    This class also includes:
    ~ factory rebuilding of motor vehicle engines

  • Class 2829
    Manufacture of other special-purpose machinery
    This class includes the MANUFACTURE of special-purpose machinery not elsewhere classified.

    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of machinery for making paper pulp
    ~ MANUFACTURE of paper and paperboard making machinery
    ~ MANUFACTURE of dryers for wood, paper pulp, paper or paperboard
    ~ MANUFACTURE of machinery producing articles of paper or paperboard
    ~ MANUFACTURE of machinery for working soft rubber or plastics or for the MANUFACTURE of products of these materials:
    ~ extruders, moulders, pneumatic tyre making or retreading machines and other machines for making a specific rubber or plastic product
    ~ MANUFACTURE of printing and bookbinding machines and machines for activities supporting printing on a variety of materials
    ~ MANUFACTURE of machinery for producing tiles, bricks, shaped ceramic pastes, pipes, graphite electrodes, blackboard chalk, foundry moulds etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of semi-conductor manufacturing machinery
    ~ MANUFACTURE of industrial robots performing multiple tasks for special purposes
    ~ MANUFACTURE of diverse special-purpose machinery and equipment:
    ~ machines to assemble electric or electronic lamps, tubes (valves) or bulbs
    ~ machines for production or hot-working of glass or glassware, glass fibre or yarn
    ~ machinery or apparatus for isotopic separation
    ~ MANUFACTURE of tire alignment and balancing equipment; balancing equipment (except wheel balancing)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of central greasing systems
    ~ MANUFACTURE of aircraft launching gear, aircraft carrier catapults and related equipment
    ~ MANUFACTURE of automatic bowling alley equipment (e.g. pin-setters)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of roundabouts, swings, shooting galleries and other fairground amusements

  • Class 2920
    Manufacture of bodies (coachwork) for motor vehicles; MANUFACTURE of trailers and semi-trailers
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of bodies, including cabs for motor vehicles
    ~ outfitting of all types of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers
    ~ MANUFACTURE of trailers and semi-trailers:
    ~ for transport of goods: tankers, removal trailers etc.
    ~ for transport of passengers: caravan trailers etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of containers for carriage by one or more modes of transport

  • Class 2930
    Manufacture of parts and accessories for motor vehicles
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of diverse parts and accessories for motor vehicles:
    ~ brakes, gearboxes, axles, road wheels, suspension shock absorbers, radiators, silencers, exhaust pipes, catalytic converters, clutches, steering wheels, steering columns and steering boxes
    ~ MANUFACTURE of parts and accessories of bodies for motor vehicles:
    ~ safety belts, airbags, doors, bumpers
    ~ MANUFACTURE of car seats
    ~ MANUFACTURE of motor vehicle electrical equipment, such as generators, alternators, spark plugs, ignition wiring harnesses, power window and door systems, assembly of purchased gauges into instrument panels, voltage regulators, etc.

  • Class 3011
    Building of ships and floating structures
    This class includes the building of ships, except vessels for sports or recreation, and the construction of floating structures.

    This class includes:
    ~ building of commercial vessels:
    ~ passenger vessels, ferry boats, cargo ships, tankers, tugs etc.
    ~ building of warships
    ~ building of fishing boats and fish-processing factory vessels

    This class also includes:
    ~ building of hovercraft (except recreation-type hovercraft)
    ~ construction of drilling platforms, floating or submersible
    ~ construction of floating structures:
    ~ floating docks, pontoons, coffer-dams, floating landing stages, buoys, floating tanks, barges, lighters, floating cranes, non-recreational inflatable rafts etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of sections for ships and floating structures

  • Class 3012
    Building of pleasure and sporting boats
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of inflatable boats and rafts
    ~ building of sailboats with or without auxiliary motor
    ~ building of motor boats
    ~ building of recreation-type hovercraft
    ~ MANUFACTURE of personal watercraft
    ~ MANUFACTURE of other pleasure and sporting boats:
    ~ canoes, kayaks, rowing boats, skiffs

  • Class 3020
    Manufacture of railway locomotives and rolling stock
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of electric, diesel, steam and other rail locomotives
    ~ MANUFACTURE of self-propelled railway or tramway coaches, vans and trucks, maintenance or service vehicles
    ~ MANUFACTURE of railway or tramway rolling stock, not self-propelled:
    ~ passenger coaches, goods vans, tank wagons, self-discharging vans and wagons, workshop vans, crane vans, tenders etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of specialized parts of railway or tramway locomotives or of rolling stock:
    ~ bogies, axles and wheels, brakes and parts of brakes; hooks and coupling devices, buffers and buffer parts; shock absorbers; wagon and locomotive frames; bodies; corridor connections etc.

    This class also includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of mechanical and electromechanical signalling, safety and traffic control equipment for railways, tramways, inland waterways, roads, parking facilities, airfields etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of mining locomotives and mining rail cars
    ~ MANUFACTURE of railway car seats

  • Class 3030
    Manufacture of air and spacecraft and related machinery
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of airplanes for the transport of goods or passengers, for use by the defence forces, for sport or other purposes
    ~ MANUFACTURE of helicopters
    ~ MANUFACTURE of gliders, hang-gliders
    ~ MANUFACTURE of dirigibles and hot air balloons
    ~ MANUFACTURE of parts and accessories of the aircraft of this class:
    ~ major assemblies such as fuselages, wings, doors, control surfaces, landing gear, fuel tanks, nacelles etc.
    ~ airscrews, helicopter rotors and propelled rotor blades
    ~ motors and engines of a kind typically found on aircraft
    ~ parts of turbojets and turboprops for aircraft
    ~ MANUFACTURE of ground flying trainers
    ~ MANUFACTURE of spacecraft and launch vehicles, satellites, planetary probes, orbital stations, shuttles
    ~ MANUFACTURE of intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBM)

    This class also includes:
    ~ overhaul and conversion of aircraft or aircraft engines
    ~ MANUFACTURE of aircraft seats

  • Class 3092
    Manufacture of bicycles and invalid carriages
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of non-motorized bicycles and other cycles, including (delivery) tricycles, tandems, children's bicycles and tricycles
    ~ MANUFACTURE of parts and accessories of bicycles
    ~ MANUFACTURE of invalid carriages with or without motor
    ~ MANUFACTURE of parts and accessories of invalid carriages
    ~ MANUFACTURE of baby carriages

  • Class 3211
    Manufacture of jewellery and related articles
    This class includes:
    ~ production of worked pearls
    ~ production of precious and semi-precious stones in the worked state, including the working of industrial quality stones and synthetic or reconstructed precious or semi-precious stones
    ~ working of diamonds
    ~ MANUFACTURE of jewellery of precious metal or of base metals clad with precious metals, or precious or semi-precious stones, or of combinations of precious metal and precious or semi-precious stones or of other materials
    ~ MANUFACTURE of goldsmiths' articles of precious metals or of base metals clad with precious metals:
    ~ dinnerware, flatware, hollowware, toilet articles, office or desk articles, articles for religious use etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of technical or laboratory articles of precious metal (except instruments and parts thereof): crucibles, spatulas, electroplating anodes etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of precious metal watch bands, wristbands, watch straps and cigarette cases
    ~ MANUFACTURE of coins, including coins for use as legal tender, whether or not of precious metal

    This class also includes:
    ~ engraving of personal precious and non-precious metal products

  • Class 3100
    Manufacture of furniture
    This class includes the MANUFACTURE of furniture of any kind, any material (except stone, concrete or ceramic) for any place and various purposes.

    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of chairs and seats for offices, workrooms, hotels, restaurants, public and domestic premises
    ~ MANUFACTURE of chairs and seats for theatres, cinemas and the like
    ~ MANUFACTURE of sofas, sofa beds and sofa sets
    ~ MANUFACTURE of garden chairs and seats
    ~ MANUFACTURE of special furniture for shops: counters, display cases, shelves etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of furniture for churches, schools, restaurants
    ~ MANUFACTURE of office furniture
    ~ MANUFACTURE of kitchen furniture
    ~ MANUFACTURE of furniture for bedrooms, living rooms, gardens etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of cabinets for sewing machines, televisions etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of laboratory benches, stools and other laboratory seating, laboratory furniture (e.g. cabinets and tables)

    This class also includes:
    ~ finishing such as upholstery of chairs and seats
    ~ finishing of furniture such as spraying, painting, French polishing and upholstering
    ~ MANUFACTURE of mattress supports
    ~ MANUFACTURE of mattresses:
    ~ mattresses fitted with springs or stuffed or internally fitted with a supporting material
    ~ uncovered cellular rubber or plastic mattresses
    ~ decorative restaurant carts, such as dessert carts, food wagons

  • Class 3212
    Manufacture of imitation jewellery and related articles
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of costume or imitation jewellery:
    ~ rings, bracelets, necklaces, and similar articles of jewellery made from base metals plated with precious metals
    ~ jewellery containing imitation stones such as imitation gems stones, imitation diamonds, and similar
    ~ MANUFACTURE of metal watch bands (except precious metal)

  • Class 3220
    Manufacture of musical instruments
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of stringed instruments
    ~ MANUFACTURE of keyboard stringed instruments, including automatic pianos
    ~ MANUFACTURE of keyboard pipe organs, including harmoniums and similar keyboard instruments with free metal reeds
    ~ MANUFACTURE of accordions and similar instruments, including mouth organs
    ~ MANUFACTURE of wind instruments
    ~ MANUFACTURE of percussion musical instruments
    ~ MANUFACTURE of musical instruments, the sound of which is produced electronically
    ~ MANUFACTURE of musical boxes, fairground organs, calliopes etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of instrument parts and accessories:
    ~ metronomes, tuning forks, pitch pipes, cards, discs and rolls for automatic mechanical instruments etc.

    This class also includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of whistles, call horns and other mouth-blown sound signalling instruments

  • Class 3230
    Manufacture of sports goods
    This class includes the MANUFACTURE of sporting and athletic goods (except apparel and footwear).

    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of articles and equipment for sports, outdoor and indoor games, of any material:
    ~ hard, soft and inflatable balls
    ~ rackets, bats and clubs
    ~ skis, bindings and poles
    ~ ski-boots
    ~ sailboards and surfboards
    ~ requisites for sport fishing, including landing nets
    ~ requisites for hunting, mountain climbing etc.
    ~ leather sports gloves and sports headgear
    ~ ice skates, roller skates etc.
    ~ bows and crossbows
    ~ gymnasium, fitness centre or athletic equipment

  • Class 3240
    Manufacture of games and toys
    This class includes the MANUFACTURE of dolls, toys and games (including electronic games), scale models and children's vehicles (except metal bicycles and tricycles).

    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of dolls and doll garments, parts and accessories
    ~ MANUFACTURE of action figures
    ~ MANUFACTURE of toy animals
    ~ MANUFACTURE of toy musical instruments
    ~ MANUFACTURE of playing cards
    ~ MANUFACTURE of board games and similar games
    ~ MANUFACTURE of electronic games: chess etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of reduced-size (scale) models and similar recreational models, electrical trains, construction sets etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of coin-operated games, billiards, special tables for casino games, etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of articles for funfair, table or parlour games
    ~ MANUFACTURE of wheeled toys designed to be ridden, including plastic bicycles and tricycles
    ~ MANUFACTURE of puzzles and similar articles

  • Class 3520
    Manufacture of gas; distribution of gaseous fuels through mains
    This class includes the MANUFACTURE of gas and the distribution of natural or synthetic gas to the consumer through a system of mains. Gas marketers or brokers, which arrange the sale of natural gas over distribution systems operated by others, are included.
    The separate operation of gas pipelines, typically done over long distances, connecting producers with distributors of gas, or between urban centers, is excluded from this class and classified with other pipeline transport activities.

    This class includes:
    ~ production of gas for the purpose of gas supply by carbonation of coal, from by-products of agriculture or from waste
    ~ MANUFACTURE of gaseous fuels with a specified calorific value, by purification, blending and other processes from gases of various types including natural gas
    ~ transportation, distribution and supply of gaseous fuels of all kinds through a system of mains
    ~ sale of gas to the user through mains
    ~ activities of gas brokers or agents that arrange the sale of gas over gas distribution systems operated by others
    ~ commodity and transport capacity exchanges for gaseous fuels

  • Class 3250
    Manufacture of medical and dental instruments and supplies
    This class includes the MANUFACTURE of laboratory apparatus, surgical and medical instruments, surgical appliances and supplies, dental equipment and supplies, orthodontic goods, dentures and orthodontic appliances. Included is the MANUFACTURE of medical, dental and similar furniture, where the additional specific functions determine the purpose of the product, such as dentist's chairs with built-in hydraulic functions.

    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of surgical drapes and sterile string and tissue
    ~ MANUFACTURE of dental fillings and cements (except denture adhesives), dental wax and other dental plaster preparations
    ~ MANUFACTURE of bone reconstruction cements
    ~ MANUFACTURE of dental laboratory furnaces
    ~ MANUFACTURE of laboratory ultrasonic cleaning machinery
    ~ MANUFACTURE of laboratory sterilizers
    ~ MANUFACTURE of laboratory type distilling apparatus, laboratory centrifuges
    ~ MANUFACTURE of medical, surgical, dental or veterinary furniture, such as:
    ~ operating tables
    ~ examination tables
    ~ hospital beds with mechanical fittings
    ~ dentists' chairs
    ~ MANUFACTURE of bone plates and screws, syringes, needles, catheters, cannulae, etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of dental instruments (including dentists' chairs incorporating dental equipment)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of artificial teeth, bridges, etc., made in dental labs
    ~ MANUFACTURE of orthopedic and prosthetic devices
    ~ MANUFACTURE of glass eyes
    ~ MANUFACTURE of medical thermometers
    ~ MANUFACTURE of ophthalmic goods, eyeglasses, sunglasses, lenses ground to prescription, contact lenses, safety goggles

  • Class 3290
    Other manufacturing n.e.c.
    This class includes:
    ~ MANUFACTURE of protective safety equipment
    ~ MANUFACTURE of fire-resistant and protective safety clothing
    ~ MANUFACTURE of linemen's safety belts and other belts for occupational use
    ~ MANUFACTURE of cork life preservers
    ~ MANUFACTURE of plastics hard hats and other personal safety equipment of plastics (e.g. athletic helmets)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of fire-fighting protection suits
    ~ MANUFACTURE of metal safety headgear and other metal personal safety devices
    ~ MANUFACTURE of ear and noise plugs (e.g. for swimming and noise protection)
    ~ MANUFACTURE of gas masks
    ~ MANUFACTURE of brooms and brushes, including brushes constituting parts of machines, hand-operated mechanical floor sweepers, mops and feather dusters, paint brushes, paint pads and rollers, squeegees and other brushes, brooms, mops etc.
    ~ MANUFACTURE of shoe and clothes brushes
    ~ MANUFACTURE of pens and pencils of all kinds whether or not mechanical
    ~ MANUFACTURE of pencil leads
    ~ MANUFACTURE of date, sealing or numbering stamps, hand-operated devices for printing, or embossing labels, hand printing sets, prepared typewriter ribbons and inked pads
    ~ MANUFACTURE of globes
    ~ MANUFACTURE of umbrellas, sun-umbrellas, walking sticks, seat-sticks
    ~ MANUFACTURE of buttons, press-fasteners, snap-fasteners, press-studs, slide fasteners
    ~ MANUFACTURE of cigarette lighters
    ~ MANUFACTURE of articles of personal use: smoking pipes, scent sprays, vacuum flasks and other vacuum vessels for personal or household use, wigs, false beards, eyebrows
    ~ MANUFACTURE of miscellaneous articles: candles, tapers and the like; bouquets, wreaths and floral baskets; artificial flowers, fruit and foliage; jokes and novelties; hand sieves and hand riddles; tailors' dummies; burial caskets etc.
    ~ taxidermy activities

  • Group 104
    Manufacture of vegetable and animal oils and fats
    See class 1040.
  • Group 105
    Manufacture of dairy products
    See class 1050.
  • Group 106
    Manufacture of grain mill products, starches and starch products
    This group includes the milling of flour or meal from grains or vegetables, the milling, cleaning and polishing of rice, as well as the MANUFACTURE of flour mixes or doughs from these products. Also included in this group are the wet milling of corn and vegetables and the MANUFACTURE of starch and starch products.
  • Group 107
    Manufacture of other food products
    This group includes the production of a variety of food products not included in previous groups of this division. This includes the production of bakery products, sugar and confectionery, macaroni, noodles and similar products, prepared meals and dishes, coffee, tea and spices, as well as perishable and specialty food products.
  • Group 108
    Manufacture of prepared animal feeds
    See class 1080.
  • Group 110
    Manufacture of beverages
    See division 11.
  • Group 120
    Manufacture of tobacco products
    See class 1200.
  • Group 139
    Manufacture of other textiles
    This group includes the MANUFACTURE of products produced from textiles, except wearing apparel, such as made-up textile articles, carpets and rugs, rope, narrow woven fabrics, trimmings etc.
  • Group 131
    Spinning, weaving and finishing of textiles
    This group includes the MANUFACTURE of textiles, including preparatory operations, the spinning of textile fibres and the weaving of textiles. This can be done from varying raw materials, such as silk, wool, other animal, vegetable or man-made fibres, paper or glass etc.
    Also included in this group is the finishing of textiles and wearing apparel, i.e. bleaching, dyeing, dressing and similar activities.

  • Group 141
    Manufacture of wearing apparel, except fur apparel
    See class 1410.
  • Group 142
    Manufacture of articles of fur
    See class 1420.
  • Group 143
    Manufacture of knitted and crocheted apparel
    See class 1430.
  • Group 151
    Tanning and dressing of leather; MANUFACTURE of luggage, handbags, saddlery and harness; dressing and dyeing of fur
    This group includes the MANUFACTURE of leather and fur and products thereof.
  • Group 152
    Manufacture of footwear
    See class 1520.
  • Group 162
    Manufacture of products of wood, cork, straw and plaiting materials
    This group includes the MANUFACTURE of products of wood, cork, straw or plaiting materials, including basic shapes as well as assembled products.
  • Group 170
    Manufacture of paper and paper products
    See division 17.
  • Group 191
    Manufacture of coke oven products
    See class 1910.
  • Group 192
    Manufacture of refined petroleum products
    See class 1920.
  • Group 201
    Manufacture of basic chemicals, fertilizers and nitrogen compounds, plastics and synthetic rubber in primary forms
    This group includes the MANUFACTURE of basic chemical products, fertilizers and associated nitrogen compounds, as well as plastics and synthetic rubber in primary forms.
  • Group 203
    Manufacture of man-made fibres
    See class 2030.
  • Group 210
    Manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemical and botanical products
    See class 2100.
  • Group 221
    Manufacture of rubber products
    This group includes the MANUFACTURE of rubber products.
  • Group 222
    Manufacture of plastics products
    See class 2220.
  • Group 231
    Manufacture of glass and glass products
    See class 2310.
  • Group 239
    Manufacture of non-metallic mineral products n.e.c.
    This group includes the MANUFACTURE of intermediate and final products from mined or quarried non-metallic minerals, such as sand, gravel, stone or clay.
  • Group 241
    Manufacture of basic iron and steel
    See class 2410.
  • Group 242
    Manufacture of basic precious and other non-ferrous metals
    See class 2420.
  • Group 243
    Casting of metals
    This group includes the MANUFACTURE of semi-finished products and various castings by a casting process.
  • Group 251
    Manufacture of structural metal products, tanks, reservoirs and steam generators
    This group includes the MANUFACTURE of structural metal products (such as metal frameworks or parts for construction), as well as metal container-type objects (such as reservoirs, tanks, central heating boilers) and steam generators.
  • Group 252
    Manufacture of weapons and ammunition
    See class 2520.
  • Group 261
    Manufacture of electronic components and boards
    See class 2610.
  • Group 262
    Manufacture of computers and peripheral equipment
    See class 2620.
  • Group 263
    Manufacture of communication equipment
    See class 2630.
  • Group 264
    Manufacture of consumer electronics
    See class 2640.
  • Group 265
    Manufacture of measuring, testing, navigating and control equipment; watches and clocks
    This group includes the MANUFACTURE of measuring, testing, navigating and control equipment for various industrial and non-industrial purposes, including time-based measuring devices such as watches and clocks and related devices.
  • Group 266
    Manufacture of irradiation, electromedical and electrotherapeutic equipment
    See class 2660.
  • Group 267
    Manufacture of optical instruments and photographic equipment
    See class 2670.
  • Group 268
    Manufacture of magnetic and optical media
    See class 2680.
  • Group 271
    Manufacture of electric motors, generators, transformers and electricity distribution and control apparatus
    See class 2710.
  • Group 272
    Manufacture of batteries and accumulators
    See class 2720.
  • Group 273
    Manufacture of wiring and wiring devices
    This group includes the MANUFACTURE of current-carrying wiring devices and non current-carrying wiring devices for wiring electrical circuits regardless of material. This group also includes the insulating of wire and the MANUFACTURE of fiber optic cables.
  • Group 274
    Manufacture of electric lighting equipment
    See class 2740.
  • Group 275
    Manufacture of domestic appliances
    See class 2750.
  • Group 279
    Manufacture of other electrical equipment
    See class 2790.
  • Group 281
    Manufacture of general-purpose machinery
    This group includes the MANUFACTURE of general-purpose machinery, i.e. machinery that is being used in a wide range of ISIC industries. This can include the MANUFACTURE of components used in the MANUFACTURE of a variety of other machinery or the MANUFACTURE of machinery that support the operation of other businesses.
  • Group 291
    Manufacture of motor vehicles
    See class 2910.
  • Group 292
    Manufacture of bodies (coachwork) for motor vehicles; MANUFACTURE of trailers and semi-trailers
    See class 2920.
  • Group 293
    Manufacture of parts and accessories for motor vehicles
    See class 2930.
  • Group 202
    Manufacture of other chemical products
    This group includes the MANUFACTURE of chemical products other than basic chemicals and man-made fibres. This includes the MANUFACTURE of a variety of goods such as pesticides, paints and inks, soap, cleaning preparations, perfumes and toilet preparations, explosives and pyrotechnic products, chemical preparations for photographic uses (including film and sensitized paper), gelatins, composite diagnostic preparations etc.
  • Group 302
    Manufacture of railway locomotives and rolling stock
    See class 3020.
  • Group 303
    Manufacture of air and spacecraft and related machinery
    See class 3030.
  • Group 304
    Manufacture of military fighting vehicles
    See class 3040.
  • Group 309
    Manufacture of transport equipment n.e.c.
    This group includes the MANUFACTURE of transport equipment other than motor vehicles and rail, water, air or space transport equipment and military vehicles.
  • Group 310
    Manufacture of furniture
    See class 3100.
  • Group 321
    Manufacture of jewellery, bijouterie and related articles
    This group includes the MANUFACTURE of jewellery and imitation jewellery articles.
  • Group 322
    Manufacture of musical instruments
    See class 3220.
  • Group 323
    Manufacture of sports goods
    See class 3230.
  • Group 324
    Manufacture of games and toys
    See class 3240.
  • Group 325
    Manufacture of medical and dental instruments and supplies
    See class 3250.
  • Group 352
    Manufacture of gas; distribution of gaseous fuels through mains
    See class 3520.
  • Group 259
    Manufacture of other fabricated metal products; metalworking service activities
    This group includes general activities for the treatment of metal, such as forging or pressing, plating, coating, engraving, boring, polishing, welding etc., which are typically carried out on a fee or contract basis. This group also includes the MANUFACTURE of a variety of metal products, such as cutlery; metal hand tools and general hardware; cans and buckets; nails, bolts and nuts; metal household articles; metal fixtures; ships propellers and anchors; assembled railway track fixtures etc. for a variety of household and industrial uses.
  • Group 282
    Manufacture of special-purpose machinery
    This group includes the MANUFACTURE of special-purpose machinery, i.e. machinery for exclusive use in an ISIC industry or a small cluster of ISIC industries. While most of these are used in other manufacturing processes, such as food manufacturing or textile manufacturing, this group also includes the MANUFACTURE of machinery specific for other (non-manufacturing industries), such as aircraft launching gear or amusement park equipment.
  • Division 01
    Crop and animal production, hunting and related service activities
    This division includes two basic activities, namely the production of crop products and production of animal products, covering also the forms of organic agriculture, the growing of genetically modified crops and the raising of genetically modified animals.

    This division also includes service activities incidental to agriculture, as well as hunting, trapping and related activities.

    Group 015 (Mixed farming) breaks with the usual principles for identifying main activity. It accepts that many agricultural holdings have reasonably balanced crop and animal production and that it would be arbitrary to classify them in one category or the other.

    Agricultural activities exclude any subsequent processing of the agricultural products (classified under divisions 10 and 11 (Manufacture of food products and beverages) and division 12 (Manufacture of tobacco products)), beyond that needed to prepare them for the primary markets. However, the preparation of products for the primary markets is included here.

    The division excludes field construction (e.g. agricultural land terracing, drainage, preparing rice paddies etc.) classified in section F (Construction) and buyers and cooperative associations engaged in the marketing of farm products classified in section G.

  • Division 05
    Mining of coal and lignite
    This division includes the extraction of solid mineral fuels includes through underground or open-cast mining and includes operations (e.g. grading, cleaning, compressing and other steps necessary for transportation etc.) leading to a marketable product.

    This division does not include coking (see 1910), services incidental to coal or lignite mining (see 0990) or the MANUFACTURE of briquettes (see 1920).

  • Division 08
    Other mining and quarrying
    This division includes extraction from a mine or quarry, but also dredging of alluvial deposits, rock crushing and the use of salt marshes. The products are used most notably in construction (e.g. sands, stones etc.), MANUFACTURE of materials (e.g. clay, gypsum, calcium etc.), MANUFACTURE of chemicals etc.
    This division does not include processing (except crushing, grinding, cutting, cleaning, drying, sorting and mixing) of the minerals extracted.

  • Division 10
    Manufacture of food products
    This division includes the processing of the products of agriculture, forestry and fishing into food for humans or animals, and includes the production of various intermediate products that are not directly food products. The activity often generates associated products of greater or lesser value (for example, hides from slaughtering, or oilcake from oil production).
    This division is organized by activities dealing with different kinds of products: meat, fish, fruit and vegetables, fats and oils, milk products, grain mill products, animal feeds and other food products. Production can be carried out for own account, as well as for third parties, as in custom slaughtering.
    Some activities are considered manufacturing (for example, those performed in bakeries, pastry shops, and prepared meat shops etc. which sell their own production) even though there is retail sale of the products in the producers' own shop. However, where the processing is minimal and does not lead to a real transformation, the unit is classified to Wholesale and retail trade (section G).

    Production of animal feeds from slaughter waste or by-products is classified in 1080, while processing food and beverage waste into secondary raw material is classified to 3830, and disposal of food and beverage waste in 3821.

  • Division 12
    Manufacture of tobacco products
    This division includes the processing of an agricultural product, tobacco, into a form suitable for final consumption.
  • Division 11
    Manufacture of beverages
    This division includes the MANUFACTURE of beverages, such as nonalcoholic beverages and mineral water, MANUFACTURE of alcoholic beverages mainly through fermentation, beer and wine, and the MANUFACTURE of distilled alcoholic beverages.

    This division excludes the production of fruit and vegetable juices (see class 1030), the MANUFACTURE of milk-based drinks (see class 1050) and the MANUFACTURE of coffee, tea and maté products (see class 1079).

  • Division 13
    Manufacture of textiles
    This division includes preparation and spinning of textile fibres as well as textile weaving, finishing of textiles and wearing apparel, MANUFACTURE of made-up textile articles, except apparel (e.g. household linen, blankets, rugs, cordage etc.). Growing of natural fibres is covered under division 01, while MANUFACTURE of synthetic fibres is a chemical process classified in class 2030. Manufacture of wearing apparel is covered in division 14.
  • Division 21
    Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations
    This division includes the MANUFACTURE of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations. This includes also the MANUFACTURE of medicinal chemical and botanical products.
  • Division 22
    Manufacture of rubber and plastics products
    This division includes the MANUFACTURE of rubber and plastics products.
    This division is characterized by the raw materials used in the manufacturing process. However, this does not imply that the MANUFACTURE of all products made of these materials is classified here.

  • Division 14
    Manufacture of wearing apparel
    This division includes all tailoring (ready-to-wear or made-to-measure), in all materials (e.g. leather, fabric, knitted and crocheted fabrics etc.), of all items of clothing (e.g. outerwear, underwear for men, women or children; work, city or casual clothing etc.) and accessories. There is no distinction made between clothing for adults and clothing for children, or between modern and traditional clothing. Division 14 also includes the fur industry (fur skins and wearing apparel).
  • Division 15
    Manufacture of leather and related products
    This division includes dressing and dyeing of fur and the transformation of hides into leather by tanning or curing and fabricating the leather into products for final consumption. It also includes the MANUFACTURE of similar products from other materials (imitation leathers or leather substitutes), such as rubber footwear, textile luggage etc. The products made from leather substitutes are included here, since they are made in ways similar to those in which leather products are made (e.g. luggage) and are often produced in the same unit.
  • Division 27
    Manufacture of electrical equipment
    This division includes the MANUFACTURE of products that generate, distribute and use electrical power. Also included is the MANUFACTURE of electrical lighting, signalling equipment and electric household appliances.

    This division excludes the MANUFACTURE of electronic products (see division 26).

  • Division 16
    Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; MANUFACTURE of articles of straw and plaiting materials
    This division includes the MANUFACTURE of wood products, such as lumber, plywood, veneers, wood containers, wood flooring, wood trusses, and prefabricated wood buildings. The production processes include sawing, planing, shaping, laminating, and assembling of wood products starting from logs that are cut into bolts, or lumber that may then be cut further, or shaped by lathes or other shaping tools. The lumber or other transformed wood shapes may also be subsequently planed or smoothed, and assembled into finished products, such as wood containers.
    With the exception of sawmilling, this division is subdivided mainly based on the specific products manufactured.

    This division does not include the MANUFACTURE of furniture (3100), or the installation of wooden fittings and the like (4330).

  • Division 17
    Manufacture of paper and paper products
    This division includes the MANUFACTURE of pulp, paper and converted paper products. The MANUFACTURE of these products is grouped together because they constitute a series of vertically connected processes. More than one activity is often carried out in a single unit. There are essentially three activities: The MANUFACTURE of pulp involves separating the cellulose fibers from other impurities in wood or used paper. The MANUFACTURE of paper involves matting these fibers into a sheet. Converted paper products are made from paper and other materials by various cutting and shaping techniques, including coating and laminating activities. The paper articles may be printed (e.g. wallpaper, gift wrap etc.), as long as the printing of information is not the main purpose.
    The production of pulp, paper and paperboard in bulk is included in class 1701, while the remaining classes include the production of further-processed paper and paper products.

  • Division 19
    Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products
    This division includes the transformation of crude petroleum and coal into usable products. The dominant process is petroleum refining, which involves the separation of crude petroleum into component products through such techniques as cracking and distillation. This division also includes the MANUFACTURE for own account of characteristic products (e.g. coke, butane, propane, petrol, kerosene, fuel oil etc.) as well as processing services (e.g. custom refining).
    This division includes the MANUFACTURE of gases such as ethane, propane and butane as products of petroleum refineries.

    Not included is the MANUFACTURE of such gases in other units (2011), MANUFACTURE of industrial gases (2011), extraction of natural gas (methane, ethane, butane or propane) (0600), and MANUFACTURE of fuel gas, other than petroleum gases (e.g. coal gas, water gas, producer gas, gasworks gas) (35420).
    The MANUFACTURE of petrochemicals from refined petroleum is classified in division 20.

  • Division 20
    Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products
    This division includes the transformation of organic and inorganic raw materials by a chemical process and the formation of products. It distinguishes the production of basic chemicals that constitute the first industry group from the production of intermediate and end products produced by further processing of basic chemicals that make up the remaining industry classes.
  • Division 29
    Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers
    This division includes the MANUFACTURE of motor vehicles for transporting passengers or freight. The MANUFACTURE of various parts and accessories, as well as the MANUFACTURE of trailers and semi-trailers, is included here.
    The maintenance and repair of vehicles produced in this division are classified in 4520.

  • Division 30
    Manufacture of other transport equipment
    This division includes the MANUFACTURE of transportation equipment such as ship building and boat manufacturing, the MANUFACTURE of railroad rolling stock and locomotives, air and spacecraft and the MANUFACTURE of parts thereof.
  • Division 23
    Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products
    This division includes manufacturing activities related to a single substance of mineral origin. This division includes the MANUFACTURE of glass and glass products (e.g. flat glass, hollow glass, fibres, technical glassware etc.), ceramic products, tiles and baked clay products, and cement and plaster, from raw materials to finished articles. The MANUFACTURE of shaped and finished stone and other mineral products is also included in this division.
  • Division 32
    Other manufacturing
    This division includes the MANUFACTURE of a variety of goods not covered in other parts of the classification. Since this is a residual division, production processes, input materials and use of the produced goods can vary widely and usual criteria for grouping classes into divisions have not been applied here.
  • Division 24
    Manufacture of basic metals
    This division includes the activities of smelting and/or refining ferrous and non-ferrous metals from ore, pig or scrap, using electrometallurgic and other process metallurgic techniques. This division also includes the MANUFACTURE of metal alloys and super-alloys by introducing other chemical elements to pure metals. The output of smelting and refining, usually in ingot form, is used in rolling, drawing and extruding operations to make products such as plate, sheet, strip, bars, rods, wire, tubes, pipes and hollow profiles, and in molten form to make castings and other basic metal products.
  • Division 25
    Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
    This division includes the MANUFACTURE of pure metal products (such as parts, containers and structures), usually with a static, immovable function, as opposed to the following divisions 26-30, which cover the MANUFACTURE of combinations or assemblies of such metal products (sometimes with other materials) into more complex units that, unless they are purely electrical, electronic or optical, work with moving parts.
    The MANUFACTURE of weapons and ammunition is also included in this division.

    This division excludes specialized repair and maintenance activities (see group 331) and the specialized installation of manufactured goods produced in this division in buildings, such as central heating boilers (see 4322).

  • Division 26
    Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products
    This division includes the MANUFACTURE of computers, computer peripherals, communications equipment, and similar electronic products, as well as the MANUFACTURE of components for such products. Production processes of this division are characterized by the design and use of integrated circuits and the application of highly specialized miniaturization technologies.
    The division also contains the MANUFACTURE of consumer electronics, measuring, testing, navigating, and control equipment, irradiation, electromedical and electrotherapeutic equipment, optical instruments and equipment, and the MANUFACTURE of magnetic and optical media.

  • Division 28
    Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.
    This division includes the MANUFACTURE of machinery and equipment that act independently on materials either mechanically or thermally or perform operations on materials (such as handling, spraying, weighing or packing), including their mechanical components that produce and apply force, and any specially manufactured primary parts. This includes the MANUFACTURE of fixed and mobile or hand-held devices, regardless of whether they are designed for industrial, building and civil engineering, agricultural or home use. The MANUFACTURE of special equipment for passenger or freight transport within demarcated premises also belongs within this division.
    This division distinguishes between the MANUFACTURE of special-purpose machinery, i.e. machinery for exclusive use in an ISIC industry or a small cluster of ISIC industries, and general-purpose machinery, i.e. machinery that is being used in a wide range of ISIC industries.
    This division also includes the MANUFACTURE of other special-purpose machinery, not covered elsewhere in the classification, whether or not used in a manufacturing process, such as fairground amusement equipment, automatic bowling alley equipment, etc.

    This division excludes the MANUFACTURE of metal products for general use (division 25), associated control devices, computer equipment, measurement and testing equipment, electricity distribution and control apparatus (divisions 26 and 27) and general-purpose motor vehicles (divisions 29 and 30).

  • Division 31
    Manufacture of furniture
    This division includes the MANUFACTURE of furniture and related products of any material except stone, concrete and ceramic. The processes used in the MANUFACTURE of furniture are standard methods of forming materials and assembling components, including cutting, moulding and laminating. The design of the article, for both aesthetic and functional qualities, is an important aspect of the production process.

    Some of the processes used in furniture manufacturing are similar to processes that are used in other segments of manufacturing. For example, cutting and assembly occurs in the production of wood trusses that are classified in division 16 (Manufacture of wood and wood products). However, the multiple processes distinguish wood furniture manufacturing from wood product manufacturing. Similarly, metal furniture manufacturing uses techniques that are also employed in the manufacturing of roll-formed products classified in division 25 (Manufacture of fabricated metal products). The molding process for plastics furniture is similar to the molding of other plastics products. However, the MANUFACTURE of plastics furniture tends to be a specialized activity.

  • Division 45
    Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles
    This division includes all activities (except MANUFACTURE and renting) related to motor vehicles and motorcycles, including lorries and trucks, such as the wholesale and retail sale of new and second-hand vehicles, the repair and maintenance of vehicles and the wholesale and retail sale of parts and accessories for motor vehicles and motorcycles. Also included are activities of commission agents involved in wholesale or retail sale of vehicles.
    This division also includes activities such as washing, polishing of vehicles etc.

    This division does not include the retail sale of automotive fuel and lubricating or cooling products or the renting of motor vehicles or motorcycles.

  • Division 56
    Food and beverage service activities
    This division includes food and beverage serving activities providing complete meals or drinks fit for immediate consumption, whether in traditional restaurants, self-service or take-away restaurants, whether as permanent or temporary stands with or without seating. Decisive is the fact that meals fit for immediate consumption are offered, not the kind of facility providing them.

    Excluded is the production of meals not fit for immediate consumption or not planned to be consumed immediately or of prepared food which is not considered to be a meal (see divisions 10: Manufacture of food products and 11: Manufacture of beverages). Also excluded is the sale of not self-manufactured food that is not considered to be a meal or of meals that are not fit for immediate consumption (see section G: Wholesale and retail trade; ...).

  • Division 33
    Repair and installation of machinery and equipment
    This division includes the specialized repair of goods produced in the manufacturing sector with the aim to restore machinery, equipment and other products to working order. The provision of general or routine maintenance (i.e. servicing) on such products to ensure they work efficiently and to prevent breakdown and unnecessary repairs is included.

    This division does only include specialized repair and maintenance activities. A substantial amount of repair is also done by manufacturers of machinery, equipment and other goods, in which case the classification of units engaged in these repair and manufacturing activities is done according to the value-added principle which would often assign these combined activities to the MANUFACTURE of the good. The same principle is applied for combined trade and repair.

    The rebuilding or remanufacturing of machinery and equipment is considered a manufacturing activity and included in other divisions of this section.

    Repair and maintenance of goods that are utilized as capital goods as well as consumer goods is typically classified as repair and maintenance of household goods (e.g. office and household furniture repair, see 9524).

    Also included in this division is the specialized installation of machinery. However, the installation of equipment that forms an integral part of buildings or similar structures, such as installation of electrical wiring, installation of escalators or installation of air-conditioning systems, is classified as construction.

    This division excludes the cleaning of industrial machinery (see class 8129) and the repair and maintenance of computers, communications equipment and household goods (see division 95).

  • Division 47
    Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles
    This division includes the resale (sale without transformation) of new and used goods mainly to the general public for personal or household consumption or utilization, by shops, department stores, stalls, mail-order houses, hawkers and peddlers, consumer cooperatives etc.

    Retail trade is classified first by type of sale outlet (retail trade in stores: groups 471 to 477; retail trade not in stores: groups 478 and 479). Retail trade in stores includes the retail sale of used goods (class 4774). For retail sale in stores, there exists a further distinction between specialized retail sale (groups 472 to 477) and non-specialized retail sale (group 471). The above groups are further subdivided by the range of products sold. Sale not via stores is subdivided according to the forms of trade, such as retail sale via stalls and markets (group 478) and other non-store retail sale, e.g. mail order, door-to-door, by vending machines etc. (group 479).

    The goods sold in this division are limited to goods usually referred to as consumer goods or retail goods. Therefore goods not usually entering the retail trade, such as cereal grains, ores, industrial machinery etc., are excluded. This division also includes units engaged primarily in selling to the general public, from displayed goods, products such as personal computers, stationery, paint or timber, although these sales may not be for personal or household use. Some processing of goods may be involved, but only incidental to selling, e.g. sorting or repackaging of goods, installation of a domestic appliance etc.

    This division also includes the retail sale by commission agents and activities of retail auctioning houses.

    This division excludes:
    ~ sale of farmers' products by farmers, see division 01
    ~ MANUFACTURE and sale of goods, which is generally classified as manufacturing in divisions 10-32
    ~ sale of motor vehicles, motorcycles and their parts, see division 45
    ~ trade in cereal grains, ores, crude petroleum, industrial chemicals, iron and steel and industrial machinery and equipment, see division 46
    ~ sale of food and drinks for consumption on the premises and sale of takeaway food, see division 56
    ~ renting of personal and household goods to the general public, see group 772

  • Section C
    Manufacturing
    This section includes the physical or chemical transformation of materials, substances, or components into new products, although this cannot be used as the single universal criterion for defining manufacturing (see remark on processing of waste below). The materials, substances, or components transformed are raw materials that are products of agriculture, forestry, fishing, mining or quarrying as well as products of other manufacturing activities. Substantial alteration, renovation or reconstruction of goods is generally considered to be manufacturing.

    Units engaged in manufacturing are often described as plants, factories or mills and characteristically use power-driven machines and materials-handling equipment. However, units that transform materials or substances into new products by hand or in the worker's home and those engaged in selling to the general public of products made on the same premises from which they are sold, such as bakeries and custom tailors, are also included in this section. Manufacturing units may process materials or may contract with other units to process their materials for them. Both types of units are included in manufacturing.

    The output of a manufacturing process may be finished in the sense that it is ready for utilization or consumption, or it may be semi-finished in the sense that it is to become an input for further manufacturing. For example, the output of alumina refining is the input used in the primary production of aluminium; primary aluminium is the input to aluminium wire drawing; and aluminium wire is the input for the MANUFACTURE of fabricated wire products.

    Manufacture of specialized components and parts of, and accessories and attachments to, machinery and equipment is, as a general rule, classified in the same class as the MANUFACTURE of the machinery and equipment for which the parts and accessories are intended. Manufacture of unspecialized components and parts of machinery and equipment, e.g. engines, pistons, electric motors, electrical assemblies, valves, gears, roller bearings, is classified in the appropriate class of manufacturing, without regard to the machinery and equipment in which these items may be included. However, making specialized components and accessories by moulding or extruding plastics materials is included in class 2220.

    Assembly of the component parts of manufactured products is considered manufacturing. This includes the assembly of manufactured products from either self-produced or purchased components.

    The recovery of waste, i.e. the processing of waste into secondary raw materials is classified in class 3830 (Materials recovery). While this may involve physical or chemical transformations, this is not considered to be a part of manufacturing. The primary purpose of these activities is considered to be the treatment or processing of waste and they are therefore classified in Section E (Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities). However, the MANUFACTURE of new final products (as opposed to secondary raw materials) is classified in manufacturing, even if these processes use waste as an input. For example, the production of silver from film waste is considered to be a manufacturing process.

    Specialized maintenance and repair of industrial, commercial and similar machinery and equipment is, in general, classified in division 33 (Repair, maintenance and installation of machinery and equipment). However, the repair of computers and personal and household goods is classified in division 95 (Repair of computers and personal and household goods), while the repair of motor vehicles is classified in division 45 (Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles).

    The installation of machinery and equipment, when carried out as a specialized activity, is classified in 3320.

    Remark: The boundaries of manufacturing and the other sectors of the classification system can be somewhat blurry.